Maryland’s largest city is located along the Patapsco River just off the Chesapeake Bay in the middle of the state. Founded in 1729, Baltimore is the second largest seaport in the Mid-Atlantic United States and is situated closer to Midwestern markets than any other major seaport on the East Coast. Baltimore's Inner Harbor was once the second leading port of entry for immigrants to the United States and a major manufacturing center. After a decline in manufacturing, Baltimore shifted to a service-oriented economy.
Because of its proximity to the Chesapeake Bay, Baltimore is known for its seafood, particularly crabs and oysters.
Poet Francis Scott Key wrote the national anthem, “Star-Spangled Banner,” for the flag flying over Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor while watching from a nearby ship during the War of 1812.
The city is home to Johns Hopkins Hospital, which is regarded as one of the best hospitals in the world. It is also is the birthplace of Nancy Pelosi, the first female Speaker of the House of Representatives, and where American poet Edgar Allen Poe died. The city has 280 properties identified as historical in the National Register of Historic Places.
- Population: 620,961
- Metropolitan Area: 2.7 million
- Sports teams: Baltimore Orioles of Major League Baseball and the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League