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PROQUEST: MLA
 

MLA Citation Style

Prints according to the Modern Languages Association style for citing electronic references. For more information, see the MLA site.

Use the templates below to verify and correct the formatting of your document citations for the main publication types in ProQuest. In particular, the format of author names and publication dates in individual citations is likely to need further adjustment.

Author initials should be followed by periods and separated by a space (for example: Other A. N.).

Publication months should be abbreviated as follows: Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., May, June, July, Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec.

Dates should appear in the order: day month year.

Scholarly journals:

author1_last_name, author1_first_names/initials, author2+_ first_names/initials author2+_last_name, and finalauthor_ first_names/initials finalauthor_last_name. “document_title.” journal title volume_number.issue_number (publication_year): page_numbers. database_name. ProQuest. library_name_or_system, city, state. date_accessed <http://www.proquest.com/>

Example:
Brent, Averil, Dale Morse, and E. Kay Stice. "Short Interest: Explanations And Tests." Journal Of Financial And Quantitative Analysis 25.2 (1990): 273-289. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. Bergen County Cooperative Lib. System, NJ. 25 Nov. 2003 <http://www.proquest.com/>

Magazines, trade publications:

author1_last_name, author1_first_names/initials, author2+_ first_names/initials author2+_last_name, and finalauthor_ first_names/initials finalauthor_last_name. “full_document_title.” magazine title publication_date: page_numbers. database_name. ProQuest. library_name_or_system, city, state. date_accessed <http://www.proquest.com/>

Example:
Colvin, Geoffrey. “The 75-year-old Killer App.” Fortune 14 Oct. 2002: 76. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. Bergen County Cooperative Lib. System, NJ. 25 Nov. 2003 <http://www.proquest.com/>

Newspapers:

author1_last_name, author1_first_names/initials, author2+_ first_names/initials author2+_last_name, and finalauthor_ first_names/initials finalauthor_last_name. “full_document_title.” newspaper title publication_date, edition_name: page_numbers. database_name. ProQuest. library_name_or_system, city, state. date_accessed <http://www.proquest.com/>

Example:
Risen, James. "Hezbollah, In Iraq, Refrains From Attacks On Americans ." New York Times 24 Nov. 2003, Late Edition (East Coast): 10. ProQuest Newspapers. ProQuest. Bergen County Cooperative Lib. System, NJ. 25 Nov. 2003 <http://www.proquest.com/>

Dissertations:

The template below is for a citation to the full text of a dissertation obtained from an electronic database.

author1_last_name, author1_first_names/initials, author2+_ first_names/initials author2+_last_name, and finalauthor_ first_names/initials finalauthor_last_name. dissertation_title [alternative_title]. Diss. university_name, year_of_completion. ProQuest Digital Dissertations. ProQuest. ***INSERT Library name or system, City, State***.  date_accessed <http://www.proquest.com/>

English Example:
Euston, David Raymond. From spectrum to space: The integration of frequency-specific intensity cues to produce auditory spatial receptive fields in the barn owl inferior colliculus. Diss. University of Oregon, 2000. ProQuest Digital Dissertations. ProQuest.  ***INSERT Library name or system, City, State***.  16 July 2004 <http://www.proquest.com/>

Non-English example (alternative title included):
Arocho Soto, Celida E. Efecto de la temperatura en la produccion de acido lactico en langostino Macrobrachium rosenbergii almacenado vivo sin agua [The effect of temperature on the production of lactic acid in Macrobrachium rosenbergii crayfish stored live without water]. Diss. UNIVERSITY OF PUERTO RICO, MAYAGUEZ (PUERTO RICO), 2004. ProQuest Digital Dissertations. ProQuest.  ***INSERT Library name or system, City, State***.  16 July 2004 <http://www.proquest.com/>

Non-English example (no alternative title):
Zuo, Furong. Social gospel and social service: A case study of Peking YMCA (1909--1949) [in Chinese]. Diss. CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG (PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA), 2003. ProQuest Digital Dissertations. ProQuest.  ***INSERT Library name or system, City, State***.  16 July 2004 <http://www.proquest.com/>

Books, Pamphlets:

Author/editor1_last_name, author/editor1_first_names/initials, author/editor2+_ first_names/initials author/editor2+_last_name, and finalauthor/editor_ first_names/initials finalauthor/editor_last_name. book/pamphlet_title. Edition_number/name. Place_of_publication: Publisher_name, publication_year. database_name. ProQuest. library_name_or_system, city, state. date_accessed <http://www.proquest.com/>

A single editor name should be followed by , ed., for multiple names the last editor should followed by , eds. Edition number is only relevant to certain types of work -- i.e. a single book in a multi-edition work.

Example:
Van Raalte, Judy L., and Britton W. Brewer, eds. Exploring Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2nd ed. Washington: American Psychological Association, 2002. ProQuest Direct Complete. ProQuest. Bergen County Cooperative Lib. System, NJ. 25 Nov. 2003 <http://www.proquest.com/>

Book Chapters:

Chapter_author1_last_name, chapter_author1_first_names/initials, chapter_author2+_first_names/initials chapter_author2+_last_name, and finalchapter_author_first_names/initials finalchapter_author_last_name. "chapter_title". Chapter_translator_name. book_title. book_editor1_first_names/initials book_editor1_last_name, book_editor2+_first_names/initials book_editor2+_last_name, and finalbook_editor_first_names/initials finalbook_editor_last_name. Edition_number/name. Place_of_publication: Publisher_name, publication_year. page_number(s)_of_chapter. database_name. ProQuest. library_name_or_system, city, state. date_accessed <http://www.proquest.com/>

The first editor name should be preceded by the relevant role -- i.e. Ed. Trans. or Comp.
Edition number is only relevant to certain types of work -- i.e. a single book in a multi-edition work.

Example:
Morgan, William P. "Hypnosis in sport and exercise psychology". Exploring Sport and Exercise Psychology. Ed. Judy L. Van Raalte, and Britton W. Brewer. 2nd ed. Washington: American Psychological Association, 2002. 151-180. ProQuest Direct Complete. ProQuest. Bergen County Cooperative Lib. System, NJ. 25 Nov. 2003 <http://www.proquest.com/>

Standards:

Author_name. "document_title." publication_title. As of publication_date. Place_of_publication: Publisher_name, publication_year. database_name. ProQuest. library_name_or_system, city, state. date_accessed

Example:
Financial Accounting Standards Board. "FAS 16--Prior Period Adjustments: a restatement of FAS 3." Original Pronouncements. As of 1 June, 2005. Norwalk, CT: Financial Accounting Standards Board, 2005. ProQuest Accounting & Tax. ProQuest. Digital library - Cambridge UK. 20 Jun 2006

Public Documents - Standalone publications:

Author_name(s). document_title. Place_of_publication: Publisher_name, publication_year. Citation/abstract. database_name. ProQuest. library_name_or_system, city, state. date_accessed

Example:
McCulla, Karen. A Comparative review of community health representatives: scope of practice in international indigenous communities. Ottawa: Health Canada, 2004. Citation/abstract. Canadian Research Index. ProQuest. Bergen County Cooperative Lib. System, NJ. 20 Jun 2006

Public Documents - Publications which are part of a series:

Author_name(s). document_title. series_title series_number. Place_of_publication: Publisher_name, publication_year. Citation/abstract. database_name. ProQuest. library_name_or_system, city, state. date_accessed

Example:
Steel, A., Clark, Jack I., Morin, P.J. A Comparison of pressuremeter test results in sea ice. C-CORE publication 94-6. St. John’s: Memorial University of Newfoundland, Centre for Cold Ocean Resources Engineering, 1993. Citation/abstract. Canadian Research Index. ProQuest. Bergen County Cooperative Lib. System

 

 

 
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