of African-American Culture and History. 5 vols. New
York: MacMillan, 1996. RDY REF E
185 .E54 1996. Approximately 2/3 of the entries are biographical
in nature. Other entries concern areas of cultural achievements,
professions, events, and historical eras.
Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia. Darlene
Hine. Brooklyn: Carlson, 1993. RDY REF E 185.86
B542 1993/ REF E 185.86 B542 1993. Biographical information
on 804 nationally well-known black women.
Harlem Renaissance: A Historical Dictionary for
the Era. Ed Bruce Kellner.. Westport: Greenwood
Press, 1984. RDY REF NX 511.H37 1984. Explanations of “significant
figures, events and locales” involved in the growth
of black arts and letters from 1917 to 1935.
in America: Biographical Essays. James
M. McPherson. Garden City: Doubleday, 1971. 1361
.N39 B56. Biographical Essays topically organized. See
Negro in America: A Bibliography. Elizabeth
W. Miller. Cambridge: Harvard University Press,
1970. REF E 185 .M55 1970/ E 185 .M55 1970. See Chapters
6-9. “Blacks in American Culture, 1900-1970”.
Black American Women. Ed. Jessie
Cartney Smith. Detroit: Gale,
1992. 2 vols. REF E 185.96 .N68 1992. 500 entries arranged
alphabetically by name. Includes fields of achievement
and place/events index.
Companion to African American Literature. Ed. William
Andrews, et al. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997. RDY
REF PS153 N5N O96 1997. Information on 400 authors ranging
from Phyllis Wheatley and Charles Chestnut to Gwendolyn Brooks
and Walter Mosely. Entries for 100 titles provide plot
summaries. Includes sections on black contributions
to genres and influences on American Literature.
and Issues in Literature. Ed. David Peck. Pasadena: Salem
Press, 1997. REF PS 153 .M56 I34 1997. Entries on Afro-American
authors, issues and specific titles; See category list African
American’ for writers/titles included.
African American Encyclopedia. 6 vols. Michael
Williams. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 1993. RDY
REF E 185.A253. History and experience of African Americans
in the United States. Brief entries with bibliographies
on individual authors. Historical survey of literature
with recommended readings.
Afro-American Fiction, 1853-1976. A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit: Gale
Research, 1979. REF Z 1229.N39 M32. Bibliography of Afro-American
and critical bibliographies of selected authors.
Poetry and Drama, 1760-1975. A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit: Gale, 1979. Vol. 1. Poetry, 1760-1975,
Vol. 2. Drama, 1850-1975 REF Z 1229.N39 A37. Comprehensive
list of poetry, anthologies. Index, author, section
is useful as a checklist
Esther Spring. Black American Playwrights, 1800
to the Present: A Bibliography. Metuchen: Scarecrow,
1978. REF Z1229 .N39 A7. Section one consists of an alphabetical
listing of playwrights and their works, together with criticism
and reviews. Section two is general bibliography.
Esther Spring. More
Black American Playwrights: A Bibliography. Metuchen: Scarecrow,
1978. REF Z 1229. N39 A73/ RDY REF Z 1229. N39 A73. Follows
same format as above, includes only new material on previously
Flora, Joseph M. and Robert Bain. Eds. Fifty
Southern Writers After 1900: A Bio-Bibliographical
Sourcebook. New York: Greenwood,
1987. REF PS 261.F54 1987. Bio-bibliographical sourcebook
on poets, novelists and short story writers. Chronological
summary of the period, including styles and figures involved. Each
essay contains biographical data, authors’s major themes,
a survey of criticism, and bibliography of works about the
author. Includes entries on Ralph Ellison, Ernest Gaines,
Zora Neale Hurston, James Weldon Johnson, Jean Toomer, and
Foster, Mamie Marie Booth. Southern
Black Creative Writers, 1829-1953. New York: Greenwood, 1988. REF PS153.N5
F67 1988. Alphabetic listing of authors whose poetry, short
fiction and drama were published in journals and anthologies
between 1829-1953. Brief biographies, author listing
by state and time period, references.
William P. Afro-American
Poetry and Drama, 1760-1975. A Guide to Information
Sources. Detroit: Gale,
1979. REF PS153.N5 A47 / PS153.N5 A47. Biographical and critical
sources of individual authors in alpha order following primary
Glikin, Rhonda. Black
American Women in Literature: A
Bibliography, 1976-1987. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland,
1989. PS 153.N5 G57 1989. Bibliography of women published
in books, anthologies, and periodicals between 1976 and 1987. Refers
to primary and secondary sources.
Houston, Helen. The
Afro-American Novel. 1875-1965: A
Descriptive of Primary and Secondary Material. Troy: Whitson,
1971. REF Z 1229.N39 H68/ Z 1229.N39 H68. Dictionary Arrangement
of 50+ African-American authors. Entries include brief
biographies, annotated list of works and annotated critical
sources from books and journals.
Inge, Tonette. Ed. Southern
Women Writers. Tuscaloosa, University of Alabama Press, 1990. PS 261.S58 1990. Information
on writers who have published since World War II. Includes
a survey of her career, critical assessment of her work,
her relation to Southern literary tradition, and a bibliography. Includes
Margaret Walker, Maya Angelou, Sonia Sanchez, Nikki Giovanni,
and Alice Walker.
Jordan, Casper L. Bibliography
Guide to African American Women Writers. Wesport: Greenwood, 1993. Z 1361.N39
W49 /REF PS153.N5 J67 1993. Dictionary arrangement of
authors with primary sources entered alphabetically by title
followed by secondary sources entered by author. Secondary
sources include books and journals.
Margolies, Edward and David Rakish. Afro-American
Fiction, 1853-1976: A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit: Gale,
1979. REF Z 1229.N39 M32. Chapter one is a checklist
of novels, alphabetical by author; Chapter two is a list
of short stories; Chapter 3 is an annotated list of secondary
sources including bibliographies and critical and general
studies. The appendix is a chronological bibliography
of Afro-American fiction. Among authors are Jean Toomer,
Zora NealeHurston, Richard Wright, Chester Himes, Ralph Ellison,
James Baldwin, Ernest Gaines, Ishmael Reed and Toni Morrison.
Writers: A Selection of Sketches from Contemporary
Authors. Ed. Sharon Malinowski. Detroit: Gale,
1994. PN 490.B53/RDY REF PN 490.B53. Provides biographies
and bibliographies of primary sources and critical studies
for nearly 400 black authors active during the twentieth
century, including novelists poets, religious and political
leaders, educators and entertainers. Nationality and
gender index. Articles include awards, addresses, career
information, and a list of writings.
Page, James. Selected
Black, African and Caribbean Authors: A Bio-Bibliography. Littleton: Libraries Unlimited,
1985. PS 153 .N5 P3. Almost 500 published authors from
the 18th century to the present are included, many with photographs. Title
and subject index.
Peavy, Charles. Afro-American
Literature and Culture Since World War II: A Guide
to Information Sources. Detroit: Gale,
1979. PS153 N5 P42 1979. Selective post WWII through 1969;
Part I consists of annotated bibliographies on subjects such
as the black aesthetic, black power movement, prison writing
and women. Part 2 is a list of primary and secondary
sources from books and journals.
Reisman, Rosemary and Christopher Canceled.
Eds. Contemporary Southern Women Fiction Writers. Metuchen: Scarecrow
Press, 1994. REF PS 261.R4 1994. Included are a list of work,
achievements, biographical information, and an annotated
critical bibliography of books and journals. Toni Bambara,
Alice Walker, and Margaret Walker are included.
Rush, Theressa. Black
American Writers Past and Present: A
Biographical Dictionary. Metuchen: Scarecrow, 1975. REF
DSK Z1229 .N39 R87. Lists over 2,000 black American authors;
biographical, critical, and bibliographical information on
significant black writers.
Turner, Darwin. Afro-American
1970. REF Z 1361 .N39 T78 / Z 1361 .N39 T78. Selective bibliography
of drama, fiction, and poetry by Afro-Americans. Section
one lists aids to research, Section Two treats backgrounds
for the student of literature, Section Three anthologies
of literary history and criticism, and Section Four is an
alphabetical list of authors with works and critical sources.
American Women Novelists: An
Annotated Bibliography. REF Z 1361.N39 J82 1989.. Includes
33 black women novelists. Presents historical overview, “identifies
issues and trends and suggests readings to enhance understanding
of these works. “Lists of book and articles divided
into biography, general commentary, and selective criticism
of specific titles. Entries for Bombara, Brooks, Butler,
Childress, Cliff, Faucet, Guy, Hurston, Larsen, Morrison,
Naylor, Shange, Alice Walker and others.
Whitlow, Roger. Black
American Literature: A Critical
History with a 1,520 Title Bibliography of Works Written
by and about Black Americans. Pasadena: Salem Press,
1976. REF PS 153 N5 W45. Presents the history and development
of black literature from the folk tradition through 1976. Includes
brief biography and excerpt from work. Bibliography
of authors’ works.
Women Writers: A Critical Guide from Colonial
Times to the Present. New York: Ungar, 1979-1982. Supplement
PS 147.A4. Brief signed essays are critical and biographical,
providing an overview of the author’s work. The
first set includes Brooks, Fauset, Hansberry, Hurston, Larsen,
Morrison, Susie K. Taylor, Alice and Margaret Walker and
Wheatley. Supplement includes new authors and new material
on previously covered authors. Ai, Angelou, Bombara,
Brooks, Childress, Cortex, Davis, DeVeaux, Dove, Mari Evans,
Hooks, Hunter, Jordan, Kincaid, Lorde, Marshall, McMillan,
Morrison, Naylor, Sanchez, Shange, Mildred Taylor, Alice & Margaret
Biographies Master Index, A consolidated Guide to Biographical
information Concerning Authors Living
As It Appears in a Selection of Principal Biographical Dictionaries
Devoted to Authors, Poets, Journalists and Other Literary
Figures. Detroit: Gale, 1978- . REF Z5304 A8
A88 V1. Index only to biographical dictionaries; student
to cited sources to locate information.
Index: A Cumulative Index to Biographical
Materials in Books and Magazines. New York: H.W. Wilson,
1946-1996. UGL Index/Abs. Index only to information
appearing in books and journals; student must go to sources
cited for text.
Briganno, Russell C. Black
Americans in Autobiography: An
Annotated Bibliography of Autobiographical Books Written
since the Civil War. Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1984.
REF E185.96 B74 1984. Books written by black American from
the Civil War to 1973. Section I consists of volumes
covering a broad time span; Section II volumes treat a narrower
period of time; index of experiences, occupations and professions.
Authors: A Bio-bibliographical Guide to
Current Authors and Their Works. Detoit: Gale,
1962- REF PN 771. C61. Brief entries on authors; bibliographies
and citations of criticism.
of Literary Biography. Detroit: Gale,
1978- REF PS21.D542 . Also available online.
Fiction Writers After 1955. Vol. 33.
Fifty articles on authors of the period, such as James Baldwin
and Toni Morrison, are included; Personal and critical
Writers After 1955, Dramatists and Prose Writers. Vol 38 Thirty-five writers including Alex Haley and Amiri
Baraka are included, with personal and critical comment.
Poets Since 1955. Vol. 41. Fifty-one poets,
such as Nikki Giovanni and Jayne Cortez, have long sketches
that include Personal and critical information.
Writers before the Harlem Renaissance. Vol. 50. Thirty-three authors including Chestnut, Douglass,
Dunbar, Forten, Hammon, and Wheatley are presented in articles
of varying length. Critical and personal information.
Writers from Harlem Renaissance to 1940. Vol
51. Critical and personal commentary on the thirty-four authors
including Bontemps, Cullen, Fauset, Hughes, Johnson, Larsen,
McKay and Toomer.
Writers, 1940-1955. Vol. 76.
Twenty-six articles on major writers of the period, such
as Gwendolyn Brooks
and Richard Wright. Personal and critical commentary
Dictionary of Literary Biography Documentary Series
Black Aesthetic Movement. Vol 8. MSRL MB B558.
Depicts the lives and works of authors-including letters,
photographs, interviews and Contemporary assessments. Subjects
include Baraka, Don Lee, Sanchez, Reed, and the Emergence
of black women writers.
of American Negro Biography. Ed.
Rayford W. Logan and Michael Winston. New York: Norton, 1982. REP
E 185.96 D53 1982/REF DSK E 185.96 D53 1982. Comprehensive
dictionary of African American biography. Excludes living
persons; closed in 1970
Peterson, Bernard L. Contemporary
Black American Playwrights and their Plays: A Biographical
Directory and Dramatic Index. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988. RDY REF 153.N5
P48 1988. 700 contemporary dramatists, screenwriters, scriptwriters;
1950 to present. Often presents a brief synopsis of
a work. Includes bibliography of important sources useful
in studying drama by blacks.
Peterson, Bernard L. Early
Black American Playwrights and Dramatic Writers: A
Biographical Directory and Catalog of Plays, Films, And
Broadcasting Scripts. New York: Greenwood,
1990. PS 153.N5 P44 1990. Information on 218 pioneer
black American playwrights, screenwriters, and other originators
of dramatic works written and/or produced in the U.S. and
Europe during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Includes
a chronology, title index, and index of theater organizations
and productions groups.
Roses, Lorraine and Ruth Randolph. Harlem
Renaissance and Beyond: Literary Biographies of 100
Black Women Writers, 1900-1950. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1990. REF DSK PS153.N5
R65 1990. Provides a biographical sketch, bibliography of
primary and secondary sources. Indexed by genre, location,
date, and title.
Ann Allen. Afro-American
Women Writers, 1746-1933. Boston: G.K. Hall,
1988. PS 508.N3 A46 1988 REF. Provides biographical sketch,
bibliography of primary and secondary
sources, and an excerpt of each author’s writing. Arranged
chronologically. Useful for lesser-known authors.
Spradling, Mary Mace. Ed. In
Black and White. Detroit: Gale,
1980. REF E185.96 152 1985. Guide to magazine articles, newspaper
articles, and books about more than 15,000 black individuals
and groups. Biographical and bibliographical information.
Werner, Craig. Black
American Women Novelists. An Annotated
Bibliography. Pasadena: Salem Press, 1989. PS153.N5
W472 1989. A bibliography of primary works, biographies,
and literary criticism.
Literature Criticism. Detroit: Gale, 1991- to
present. REF DSK PS153.N5 B556 1992. Covers 125+ writers
of the past 200 years. Each lengthy entry presents historical
critical excerpts of responses to the author’s work. All
major Afro-Americans included.
Bloom, Harold. Ed. Black
American Poets and Dramatists: Before
the Harlem Renaissance. New York: Chelsea House, 1994. REF
PS 153.N5 B533. Information on the twelve most significant
black American poets and dramatists up to the early twentieth
century. Each chapter consists of a biography, a bibliography
and a selection of brief critical excerpts. Authors
are Braithwaite, William W. Brown, Cotter, Dunbar, Hammon,
Harper, Horton, Johnson, Micheaux, Wheatley and Whitman.
Literary Criticism. Detroit:
Gale, 1988-. REF
PN 771.C59. Use for authors who are living or who have
died since 1959. Contains excerpts from books and articles
and full citations for further reading. Index volume
at Reference Desk.
of Literary Biography. Detroit: Gale,
1978-. REF PS 21 .D542. See Biographical Sources for complete
Contains substantive articles about each author and his or
her work, photographs, and a bibliography for further reading.
Use cumulative author index at end of latest volume.
Fiction Writers After 1955. Vol. 33
Writers After 1955-Dramatists and Prose Writers. Vol. 38
Poets Since 1950. Vol.
Writers before the Harlem Renaissance. Vol.
Writers from the Harlem Renaissance. Vol.
Writers, 1940-1955. Vol. 76
Black Aesthetic Movement. Vol. 8
Criticism. Detroit: Gale, 1991. V. 1-10.
REF PN1601.059. Lengthy critical excerpts from books and
journals. Use title index in latest volume to locate
specific titles. Playwrights include Baraka, William W. Brown,
Childress, Elder, Hansberry, Hughes, Shange and August Wilson.
II: African American Literature. Pasadena: Salem,
1994. RDY REF PS153.N5 M2645 1994. 266 essays examining major
writings in all genres; poetry, drama, novels, and nonfiction. Each
entry includes information on major works followed by an
essay that treats the entire work. Novel criticism includes
a plot summary, characters, themes, meanings and critical
Moss, Joyce and George Wilson. Literature
and its Times. Detroit: Gale, 1997. REF PN 50.L574 1997. Profiles 300
literary works in the context of their historical periods. Each
entry provides a synopsis of the story, the story as it relates
to the author’s life, a section which examines the
social and political events of the time, and the “work
in focus” which describes the contents and how they
reflect their historical periods.
- Volume 2: Douglass, DuBois, Jacobs,
Morrison, Sojourner Truth, and Booker T. Washington.
- Volume 3: Wright, Alice Walker, McKay,
Mildred Taylor, William Armstrong, Hurston, and Hughes
- Volume 4: Angelou,
Brown, Ellison, Hansberry, Morrison, Shange, August
Wilson and Wright.
- Volume 5: Malcolm X, Gaines, Baldwin,
Shange, Childress, Jordan, Martin Luther King, Jr., Haley
and Virginia Hamilton
Century Literary Criticism. Detroit:
Gale, 1981-. REF
PN761 N5. Index at Reference Desk. Also available via
Galenet. Authors who died between 1800 and 1899. Same
format as CLC.
Popkins, Michael. Ed. Modern
Black Writers. New York: Ungar,
1978. REF PN 841.M58/ RDY REF PN 841.M58. Includes writers
of fiction, poetry, and drama. Contains criticism from
books and journals; excerpts are chronological beginning
with early reviews and concluding with current material.
Story Criticism. Detroit: Gale, 1988-. Vols.
1-16. REF PN3321. S56 1988. Lengthy critical excerpts
from books and journals. Use title index in most recent
volume to locate criticism of specific titles. Covers
the short fiction of Baldwin, Chesnutt, Dunbar, Ellison,
Hughes, Hurston, Marshall, Toomer, Alice Walker and Wright.
Century Literary Criticism. Detroit: Gale,
1983. REF PN 771.G27. Same format as CLC. Authors
who lived between 1900 and 1959. Master title index
at Reference Desk.
Other Critical Sources
Draper, James P. Black
Literature Criticism: Excerpts from Criticism of the
Most Significant Works of
Over the Past 200 Years. Detroit: Gale, 1992 RDY REF PS 153.N5
B55 1992. Provides excerpts from critical studies of African-American
Literature. Includes biographical references and an
Inge Thomas, Maurice Duke, and J. R. Bryer,
Eds. Black American Writers: Bibliographical
Essays. New York: St.
Martins Press, 1978. REF DSK P 153 .N5 B35 / Z1361 N39 B55.
Identifies best writings about America’s black writers.
Volume I covers early black writers, slave narratives, early
modern writers, the Harlem Renaissance and Langston Hughes.
Volume II focuses on Richard Wright, Ralph Ellison, James
Baldwin and Amiri Baraka.
Indexes to Criticism
Magill, Frank N. Ed. Magill’s
Bibliography of Literary Criticism. Englewood: Salem Press, 1979. 4 vols.
REF PN523 M25. Index to criticism; no time, ethnic or
genre limitations. Cites books and journals.
Werner, Alan and Spencer Means. Literary
Criticism Index. Metuchen: Scarecrow,
1994 REF PN523 .W44 1984/RDY REF PN523 .W44 1984. Index
to critical sources. Alphabetical by author; includes
general critical sources followed by criticism of individual
Magill, Frank N. Masterplots
II: African American Literature
Series. Pasadena: Salem Press, 1994. REF DSK PS153.N5
M2645 1994. Three volume set which describes principal characters,
themes, and meanings, and critical context of more than 400
literary works. Includes bibliographical references. All
genres. Author, title and genre index.
of African American Literature. New York: Harper-Collins,
1992. RDY REF PS 153 .N5 M264 1992. Essays on 149 literary
works, arranged alphabetically by title. Each entry
includes a descriptive list of characters, summary of work,
an analysis of the work and a section on the historical context
of the work.
Southgate, Robert. Black
Plots and Black Characters: A
Handbook for Afro-American Literature. Syracuse: Gaylord,
1979. REF PS 153 .N5 S65. Concise summaries of literary works
include characters, comment and summary; includes a dictionary
of Afro-American literature and history, author bibliography
and general bibliography.
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