RALPH J. BUNCHE ORAL HISTORY COLLECTION (A-C)




ACEVADO, Jorge (n.d.)    RJB 319
Executive Director, Santa Clara County Economic Opportunities Commission. Discusses the Mexican-American in this country, including migration to the Southwest American; their role in U. S. history; problems of identity, discrimination, political effectiveness. Discusses aid to the Mexican-American community and matters of unionization, political organization, and relationship with the Catholic Church.
Interviewer: Sy Berg
Date: August 1968
Format: Transcript, 16 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard



AIKENS, Lenton (n.d.)    RJB 652
Director, Black Organization for Rights and Independence (BORI). Elaborates on the group's primary goal--Black acquisition and control of several Southern States in America. Comments on other Black nationalist groups. Discusses one of the organization's short-range projects; a preventive medicine clinic in the Black ghetto.
Interviewer: Malaika Lumumba
Date: October 27, 1970
Format: Transcript, 28 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ALEXANDER, Clifford (1933- )    RJB 370
Appointed chairman, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, June 1967. Describes subtle methods of employment discrimination used by the business community. Suggests how Federal government can combat job discrimination. Discusses accomplishments of EEOC and the greatest hindrance to its operation: the lack of cease and desist authority. Lists new employment opportunities for minority groups.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: February 5, 1969
Format: Transcript, 34 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ALEXANDER, Felton S. (1929- )    RJB 179
Executive Director, National Urban League of Greater Dallas. Discusses conditions in Dallas that led to establishment of the Dallas League. Describes "militant" activities of chapter.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: May 1, 1968
Format: Transcript, 37 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ALEXANDER, Fred (n.d.)    RJB 407
Member, City Council, Charlotte, North Carolina. Discusses reason for entering politics; campaign strategy; political philosophy; accomplishments in office; relationship with white colleagues. Recalls his role in the desegregation of public facilities in Charlotte during the 1960's. Comments on the struggle for leadership among Blacks and the lack of traditional ministerial leadership in the civil rights movement.
Interviewer: Stanley H. Smith
Date: August 1968
Format: Transcript, 40 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ALEXANDER, Kelly (n.d.)    RJB 399
State President, North Carolina chapter, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Discusses NAACP programs in North Carolina, including voter registration, employment, and school desegregation. Compares NAACP efforts in the state with those of other civil rights organizations. Explains why he is against Black separatism.
Interviewer: Stanley H. Smith
Date: 1968 Format: Transcript, 35 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ALEXANDER, Sidney (n.d.)    RJB 487
Administrator, anti-poverty programs, Sharkey County, Mississippi. Discusses need for such programs in his area, lack of participation by poor whites, and harassment of anti-poverty workers by some of local population. Recalls voter registration activities. Comments on Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP). Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: July 11, 1969
Format: Transcript, 46 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ALINSKY, Saul (1909-1972)     RJB 110
Executive Director, Industrial Areas Foundation, Chicago, Illinois. Discusses life in Jewish ghettos of Chicago and Los Angeles during early 1900's. Traces origin of Industrial Areas Foundation. Discusses tactics used to organize the community and changing major social issues. Comments on Black Power concept and early Negro militants.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: December 11, 1967
Format: Transcript, 24 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ALLEN, Ernie (1942- )    RJB 347
Co-founder and editor, Soulbook, a Black revolutionary journal. Discusses scope and production of Soulbook. Comments on various philosophies of Black nationalism and revolutions. Recalls his role in organizing Afro-Americans Against the War in Vietnam.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: November 15, 1968
Format: Transcript, 54, 60 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ALLEN, Ivan (1910- )    RJB 132
Mayor, Atlanta, Georgia. Relates problems of dealing with and enforcing local desegregation in public accommodations. Discusses his Congressional testimony supporting the Public Accommodations Section of the Civil Rights Bill.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: January 23, 1968
Format: Transcript, 29 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ALLEN, Michele P. (1944- )    RJB 345
Former leader, Afro-American Student Movement, Fisk University. Member, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, Nashville, Tennessee chapter. One of the founders of Black Panther Party in California.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: November 16, 1968
Format: Transcript, 35 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ALLEN, Robert (1942- )    RJB 342
Staff writer, The Guardian. Recalls his role in the protest demonstrations in Atlanta during the 1960's to desegregate public facilities. Deals at length with his anti-war activities and the organization of a Black anti-war group, Afro-Americans for Survival. Discusses his trip to North Vietnam. Discusses The Guardian: how he became a staff writer; policy changes; its readers. Comments on various aspects of Black nationalism.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: November 13, 1968
Format: Transcript, 55 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


AMADOR, Monico (n.d.)    RJB 140
Staff associate, Mexican-American Opportunities Center, San Jose, California. Defines purpose of center, which develops job openings for the disadvantaged within industry, and discusses the hesitancy of industrial community and union participation. Examines problems of Catholic Church's influence in Mexican-American community. Discusses police-Mexican-American relations.
Interviewer: Harold O. Lewis
Date: January 1967
Format: Transcript, 31 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


AMERSON, Lucius (n.d.)    RJB 48
First Negro elected sheriff, Tuskegee, Alabama.
Interviewer: Stanley H. Smith
Date: November 24, 1967
Status: Transcript, 17,20 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may be read in the repository. No quotation or citation during the lifetime of the oral author without his written permission. Upon his death MSRC may give permission to quote or cite. No reproduction in any form, except with permission from the oral author, his heirs, legal representatives or assigns.


ANDERSON, Carl (1934- )    RJB 219
Associate Dean of Students, Howard University.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: July 18, 1968
Format: Transcript, 68 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANDERSON, Constance E. (n.d.)    RJB 353
Teacher, New York City Public School System. Comments on experiences at City College of New York. Describes prejudices encountered while job-hunting. Analyzes philosophy of education. Comments on reasons for not joining teachers union, noting repercussions. Discusses internal policy conflicts at local PS 21. Describes involvement with children in a Chinatown school. Discusses parents' push for local community control of schools and excessive actions by police.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: December 7, 1968
Format: Transcript, 65 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANONYMOUS "A" (1947- )    RJB 177
Black high school graduate who participated in the Washington, D.C. riot of April 1968 following the death of Martin Luther King Jr.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: November 26, 1968
Format: Transcript, 24 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANONYMOUS "B" (1944- )    RJB 178
Black college drop-out who participated in the Washington, D. C. riot of April 1968 following the death of Martin Luther King Jr.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: April 24, 1968
Format: Transcript, 46 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANONYMOUS "C" (1947- )    RJB 186
Black unemployed high school drop-out who participated in the Washington, D. C. riot of April 1968 following the death of Martin Luther King Jr.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: May 16, 1968
Format: Transcript, 44 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANONYMOUS "D" (n.d.)    RJB 549
Leader, Black High School Alliance in New York City. Briefly allied his efforts with those of Columbia University's Black students who, in 1968, took over a campus building in order to protest the University's decision to erect a building at the site of a community park. Discusses chronology of events, as well as participation in other revolutionary activities in Harlem.
Interviewer: Malaika Lumumba
Date: 1970
Format: Cassette tape
Tape length: 45 minutes.
Restrictions: No reproduction


ANONYMOUS "E" (n.d.)    RJB 561
Black student participant in the campus strike at the University of Maryland, College Park campus, Spring of 1970. Discusses reasons for demonstrations, sincerity of the students and why he believes Blacks should not participate.
Interviewer: Jaye Stewart
Date: May 17, 1970
Format: Transcript, 6 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANONYMOUS "F" (n.d.)    RJB 562
White student participant in the campus strike at the University of Maryland, College Park campus, Spring of 1970. Explains why he was active in the strike. Comments on the violence that occurred and the lack of Black student participants.
Interviewer: Jaye Stewart
Date: May 17, 1970
Format: Transcript, 9 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANONYMOUS "G" (n.d.)    RJB 563
Student, University of Maryland, College Park campus, who was opposed to the strike and protest demonstrations during the Spring of 1970.
Interviewer: Jaye Stewart
Date: May 17, 1970
Format: Transcript, 16 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANONYMOUS "H" (n.d.)    RJB 565
Black student, University of Maryland, who did not participate in the College Park campus strike in 1970.
Interviewer: Jaye Stewart
Date: May 18, 1970
Format: Transcript, 11 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANONYMOUS "I" (n.d.)    RJB 568
Member, student strike committee, University of Maryland, College Park campus, during 1970 demonstrations. Discusses reasons for protest, participation of Black students, and ensuing reaction of administration.
Interviewer: Jaye Stewart
Date: 1970
Format: Transcript, 18 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANONYMOUS "J" (n.d.)    RJB 569
Black student who did not participate in the campus disturbances, University of Maryland, College Park, in Spring of 1970. Comments on tactics and methods used by demonstrators and why he believes Blacks were not active in the student strike.
Interviewer: Jaye Stewart
Date: 1970
Format: Transcript, 9 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANONYMOUS "K" (n.d.)    RJB 570
Black student participant in 1970 demonstrations at University of Maryland, College Park campus.
Interviewer: Jaye Stewart
Date: 1970
Format: Transcript, 11 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANONYMOUS "L" (n.d.)    RJB 582
Student, Kent State University. Gives eyewitness account of confrontation between students and National Guard, May 1970. Discusses lack of Black participation in campus demonstrations. Comments on the effect of the Black United Students organization as a political force at the university.
Interviewer: Jaye Stewart
Date: June 13, 1970
Format: Transcript, 13 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANONYMOUS "M" (n.d.)    RJB 659
Black inmate of a jail in New York City involved in the prisoners' takeover of the eighth floor of the institution. Discusses prison life and events leading to the insurrection; course of the riot, including the making of weapons, tear gassing, police hostages; demands made by inmates.
Interviewer: Malaika Lumumba
Date: September 13, 1970
Format: Transcript, 16 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ANRIG, Gregory (n.d.)    RJB 483
Former director, Equal Educational Opportunities Division Department of Health, Education and Welfare. In that capacity, served as chief administrator of Title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Discusses the purpose of Title IV and its guidelines and difficulties in administering Title IV and Title VI. Describes procedure for developing desegregation plans for school districts. Comments on school decentralization.
Interviewer: Helen Hall
Date: November 24, 1969
Format: Transcript, 48 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard

ANTHONY, Paul (1928- )    RJB 129
Executive Director, Southern Regional Council, a private, nonprofit research and information agency concerned with the development of the South and race relations in that area. Describes origin, function, and programs of the Council and the impact of some of its published reports.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: January 26, 1968
Format: Transcript, 20 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard



ARKI, Jay (n.d.)    RJB 598
Director, South Cleveland chapter, Federation of Black Nationalists, a city-wide organization. Discusses purpose, funding, and programs, which include education classes and drug abuse clinic.
Interviewer: Malaika Lumumba
Date: August 3, 1970
Format: Transcript, 16 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ARONICA, Louis (n.d.)    RJB 45
Executive Director, Metropolitan Washington (D.C.) Fair Housing Council. Discusses the purpose and activities of his organization. Looks at housing problems in the metropolitan Washington area in terms of open occupancy, zoning, financing, construction, and other relevant concerns.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: September 27, 1967
Format: Transcript, 90 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ARTHUR, Barbara (n.d.)    RJB 524
Former member, Black Panther Party. Discusses her activities and duties with the organization; its philosophy and programs; why she left the group. Recalls her candidacy for U. S. Senate with the Peace and Freedom Party (1968). Comments on her work in the "mission district" in San Francisco.
Interviewer: Malaika Lumumba
Date: March 12, 1970
Format: Transcript, 14 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ASHFORD, Joyce (n.d.), see Dunlap RJB 597


ATKINS, Thomas (n.d.)    RJB 622
Member, City Council, Boston, Massachusetts. Discusses his activities as acting executive secretary of the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Looks at the Black population in Boston, in terms of its size, education, employment and political astuteness. Discusses his efforts in establishing a "tradition of Black government" in his city and the training of Black politicians nationally.
Interviewer: Malaika Lumumba
Date: August 28, 1970
Format: Transcript, 44 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


ATKINSON, Albert B. (n.d.), joint with    RJB 36
SMITH, S
. Edward
Executive Director, Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO), Maryland office. Describes on-the-job training programs administered through his office. Looks at socio-economic situation of Blacks in Baltimore.
Interviewer:
Date: 1967
Format: Transcript, 76 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


AUKOFER, Frank (1936- )    RJB 141
Journalist, Milwaukee Journal. Discusses race relations in his city including school desegregation, open housing, and a "5-hour riot" July 30, 1967.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: February 12, 1968
Format: Transcript, 45 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


AUSTIN, Ernest (1933- )    RJB 264
Staff member, Southern Christian Leadership Conference and coordinator of the Appalachian contingent of the Poor People's Campaign.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: July 9, 1968
Format: Transcript, 29 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


AVEILHE, Clyde C. (ca. 1936)    RJB 220
Director of Student Activities, Howard University, Washington, D. C.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: June 18, 1968
Format: Transcript, 74 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


AYERS, Gary (ca. 1948)    RJB 238/658
President, Association of Men Students (1968-69), Howard University; public relations and fund-raising director, D. C. Project--community involvement program sponsored by Howard University Students. Discusses factors at the university that alienated students and administration. Discusses purpose, funding, administration and services of D. C. Project. Two interviews.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin; Allen Coleman
Date: June 29, 1968; November 23, 1970
Format: Transcripts, 61 pages and 45 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BAILEY, Peter (1938- )    RJB 306
Associate Editor, Ebony magazine. Recalls his childhood as an "Army brat", his own service experience and his student days at Howard University. Describes activism in Harlem. Discusses Organization for Afro-American Unity and his close relationship with Malcolm X. Comments on Malcolm's trip to Africa. Describes and gives causes of Malcolm X's assassination.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: September 4, 1968
Format: Transcript, 73 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BAKER, Ella (1903-1986)    RJB 203
Staff member and consultant, Southern Conference Educational Fund (SCEF). Former staff member National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), and Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Recalls origin and development of SCLC. Traces the rise to national prominence of Martin Luther King Jr., his administrative role and in SCLC and his association with staff members. Discusses SNCC, its origin, programs, changes in ideology, and association with SCLC. Gives background information on SCEF.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: June 19, 1968
Format: Transcript, 98 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BALDWIN, Jessie (ca.1902- )    RJB 244
Sanitation worker, Memphis, Tennessee. Discusses the Memphis garbage strike of 1968, why he believed it necessary, how it affected his family and the city.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: July 13, 1968
Format: Transcript, 25 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BALLARD, Charles (ca. 1948- )    RJB 240
Director of an anti-poverty agency in Memphis, Tennessee. Gives his views on the 1968 Memphis garbage strike.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: July 13, 1968
Format: Transcript, 30 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard

BALLENTINE, Dennis (ca. 1950- )    RJB 567
Student, University of Maryland, College Park campus. Non- participant in student protest, 1970. Comments on student strategy, lack of participation by Blacks, methods used by police to restore normality to the campus.
Interviewer: Jaye Stewart
Date: May 8, 1970
Format: Transcript, 9 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BANCROFT, Richard A. (1918- )    RJB 436
Lawyer. Former president, San Francisco branch, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Describes undergraduate and graduate experience at Howard University and involvement with activist groups such as the Liberal Club and the local chapter, NAACP. Discusses duties as a labor organizer in Washington, D. C. and cites examples of Black youth today. Discusses establishment of the San Francisco Human Relations Commission.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: July 7, 1969
Format: Transcript, 50 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BANKS, James (n.d.)    RJB 504
Former Executive Director, United Planning Organization (UPO), Washington, D. C. Discusses the conception, purpose and funding of UPO, an anti-poverty agency that preceded the war on poverty. Gives major facets of program. Identifies root of poverty in Washington. Discusses structuring of program around neighborhood centers and response of local residents. Comments on lack of participation by poor whites in agency's program; declining interest in anti-poverty programs; achievements as Executive Director of UPO.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: November 2, 1969
Format: Transcript, 29 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BANKS, Taunya (n.d.)    RJB 689
Director, Mississippi Center for Black Elected Officials. Discusses Center funding and objectives. Comments on problems of newly elected Black officials. Discusses Center's research functions.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: June 1, 1970
Format: Transcript, 19 pages; tape not available
Restriction: Standard


BANNER, William A. (n.d.)    RJB 673
Professor of Philosophy, Howard University. Discusses student dissatisfaction at Howard during the late 60's leading to their challenge of General Lewis B. Hershey, Director, Selective Services. Comments on specific concerns of students and the change of presidents. Offers personal ideas of what a university should be.
Interviewer: Allen Coleman
Date: January 18, 1971
Format: Transcript, 66 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BARBEE, Lloyd (1925- )    RJB 144
Member, State Assembly, Wisconsin. Chairman, Milwaukee School Integrating Committee (M.U.S.I. C.). Discusses anti-discrimination activities of local chapter of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) (of which he was president). Relates M.U.S.I.C.'s role in seeking quality education for Blacks in Milwaukee, and discusses the city's administration.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: February 13, 1968
Format: Transcript, 68 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may be read in the repository. No quotation or citation during the lifetime of the oral author without his written permission. Upon his death MSRC may give permission to quote or cite. No reproduction in any form, except with permission from the oral author, his heirs, legal representatives or assigns.


BARBOUR, Charles (n.d.) RJB 624
Member, City Council, Charlottesville, Va. First Black so elected. Discusses organization and funding of his campaign, goals while in office, major political issues for Blacks in Charlottesville.
Interviewer: Jaye Stewart
Date: August 10, 1970
Format: Transcript, 15 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BARNES, Joe (n.d.)    RJB 677
Student at American University. Member of American University's Organization of Afro-American Students and Chairman of its Political Committee. Discusses the evolution of the organization from a social to a political action group. Describes the campus climate that Blacks encountered in the late 60's.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: February 3, 1971
Format: Cassette tape
Tape length: 90 minutes
Restrictions: No reproduction


BARNES, Lois (1930- )    RJB 433
Education Chairman, San Francisco branch, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Discussed the Association's activities in attempting to rid San Francisco of discriminatory inequities in its school system.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: July 17, 1969
Format: Transcript, 36 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BARNET, Roosevelt (n.d.) RJB 481
Former Field Secretary, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Montgomery, Ala. First Assistant Director, Alabama Action Committee. Identifies the tactics, organizations, and major players involved in the civil rights activities that ensued in Alabama during and after the Montgomery bus boycotts. Discusses the activities of the Alabama Action Committee to obtain food and jobs for poor Blacks and whites in that state.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 13, 1969
Format: Transcript, 37 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BARONI, Geno (1931-1984)    RJB 43
Executive Secretary, Archbishop's Committee on Community Relations, Archdiocese of Washington, D. C. Discusses the role of organized religion in solving the problems of urban change and the inner city.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: September 24, 1967
Format: Transcript, 78 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BARRY, Marion (1936- )    RJB 54
First Chairman, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Assistant Director, Pride, Inc., a self-help work program in Washington, D. C. Recalls early sit-in activities as student in Tennessee with Nashville Student Movement. Discusses SNCC: origin at the Raleigh Conference; organization of freedom rides; voter registration; ideological differences within organization; role of white workers; funding; political activities. Discusses concept and program of Pride, Inc.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: October 3, 1967
Format: Transcript, 62 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may not be read in the repository without the permission of the oral author. No quotation or citation during the lifetime of the oral author without his written permission. Upon his death MSRC may give permission to quote or cite. No reproduction in any form, except with permission from the oral author, his heirs, legal representatives or assigns.


BATISTE, Columbus (n.d.)    RJB 653
Director, Compton (California) Community Youth Center. Describes job placement service of the Center. Discusses efforts to involve parents in the schools. Suggests programs to improve quality of life in Compton.
Interviewer: Nanette Freeman
Date: October 28, 1970
Format: Transcript, 18 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BATSON, Ruth (1921- )    RJB 64
Associate Director, Metropolitan Council for Equal Opportunities (METCO), a federally funded school busing program operating in Boston.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: December 27, 1967
Format: Transcript, 41 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may be read in the repository. No quotation or citation during the lifetime of the oral author without his written permission. Upon her death MSRC may give permission to quote or cite. No reproduction in any form, except with permission from the oral author, her heirs, legal representatives or assigns.


BAUGH, Howard (1924- )    RJB 131
Black police lieutenant in Atlanta, Georgia. Discusses changing roles and attitudes towards Black policemen in the South. Relates his role as law officer during civil rights protests in Atlanta in early 1960's.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: January 22, 1968
Format: Transcript, 24 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BECKER, William (n.d.) RJB 432
Former Director, Human Rights Commission, San Francisco, California. Recalls efforts to involve labor, Jewish, Black, Japanese, and Mexican organizations in the struggle to register minority voters, pass fair employment practices legislation, abolish discriminatory laws, and increase minority participation in state government in California during the 1950s and 60s.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: July 16, 1969
Format: Transcript, 61 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BENJAMIN, Murdock (ca. 1951- ) RJB 542
Discusses major events in his life which led to his becoming an organizer for the Poor People's Campaign, including: his active participation in the Watts riots as youth of 17, the resulting imprisonment which covered a period of several years, the gradual desire upon release from prison, to work for better conditions for all "oppressed" people.
Interviewer: Malaika Lumumba
Date: March 19, 1970
Format: Transcript, 42 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BENNETT, L. Howard (n.d.) RJB 412
Director, Civil Rights, Department of Defense. Comments on history of desegregation in armed forces. Describes efforts to integrate off-base facilities. Cites civilian pressures on military regarding civil rights. Describes impact of civil rights legislation on armed forces. Discusses South Vietnam racial incidents; percentage of Blacks killed in action; percentage of Black officers in the military.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: March 20, 1968
Format: Transcript, 35 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BENNETT, Lerone (1928- )    RJB 34
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: September 7, 1967
Format: Incomplete transcript, 5 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may be read in the repository. No quotation or citation during the lifetime of the oral author without his written permission. Upon his death MSRC may give permission to quote or cite. No reproduction in any form, except with permission from the oral author, his heirs, legal representatives or assigns.


BENNING, Dwight (n.d.), see Prentice Mckinney    RJB 146


BERNHAGEN, Wayne (n.d.)    RJB 142

President, Milwaukee Citizen's Civic Voice, "an organization... to solve inter-community problems facing Black and white residents." Discusses civil rights activities and the segregated school system in his city.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: February 14, 1968
Format: Transcript, 68 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may be read in the repository. No quotation or citation during the lifetime of the oral author without his written permission. Upon his death MSRC may give permission to quote or cite. No reproduction in any form, except with permission from the oral author, his heirs, legal representatives or assigns.


BERRIGAN, Philip (1923- )    RJB 50
Activist parish priest in Baltimore ghetto. Discusses role of his church in its environs and the economic conditions of his parishioners. Also discusses Baltimore chapter, Congress of Racial Equality (CORE).
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: September 28, 1967
Format: Transcript, 61 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may be read in the repository. No quotation or citation during the lifetime of the oral author without his written permission. Upon his death MSRC may give permission to quote or cite. No reproduction in any form, except with permission from the oral author, his heirs, legal representatives or assigns.


BERRY, Edwin (n.d.) RJB 161
Executive Director, Chicago chapter, National Urban League. Describes programs for veterans. Discusses activities of his chapter in Chicago.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: February 22, 1968
Format: Transcript, 22 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BEVEL, James (1936- )    RJB 222
Executive staff member, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). Describes the Poor People's Campaign, its creation and development, and the rise of Resurrection City. Discusses association with Martin Luther King Jr. Gives eyewitness account of King's death.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: July 6, 1968
Format: Transcript, 42 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: CLOSED


BIRDSONG, Walter L. (n.d.)    RJB 656
Former Senator in the Howard University Student Association 1968- 1969 and former Vice President of the Liberal Arts Student Council 1969-1970.
Interviewer: Allen Coleman
Date: November 15, 1970
Format: Cassette tape
Tape length: 90 minutes
Restrictions: No reproduction


BIZELL, Leo (n.d.)    RJB 499
Student leader, Stanford University. Describes association with Huey Newton, Bobby Seale, and the Black Panther Party. Explains activities of Black students at Merritt Junior College (Oakland). Discusses development of Black student unions and Black studies programs on several campuses. Explains reasons for growth of Black student body at Stanford.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: August 29, 1969
Format: Transcript, 33 pages: tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BLACK, Charles A. (1940- )    RJB 29
Former Chairman, Atlanta Committee on Appeal for Human Rights, the organization that instituted the Atlanta Student Movement. Discusses strategy, targets, and results of the sit-ins and protest demonstrations inaugurated by his group.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: August 17, 1967
Format: Transcript, 53 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BLACK, Lewis (n.d.)    RJB 60
Discusses his role in voter registration in Hale County, Alabama. Also relates activities of the Hale County Progressive Association.
Interviewer: Stanley H. Smith
Date: October 1967
Format: Transcript, 14 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may be read in the repository, quoted from and cited. No reproduction in any form including microphoto, typewriter, photostat etc. Researchers may seek permission from the oral author, his heirs, legal representatives or assigns.


BLACK, Lucille (n.d.)    RJB 70
Staff member, national headquarters, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) since 1927. Reminisces about the NAACP under Walter White and with W. E. B. DuBois.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: November 1, 1967
Format: Transcript, 32 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BLACKWELL, Unita (1933- )    RJB 279
Member, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) and National Council of Negro Women (NCNW). Describes MFDP's challenge to the regular Democrats at the 1964 National Democratic Convention. Discusses her activities with NCNW.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 10, 1968
Format: Transcript, 39 pages; cassette tape
Tape length: One hour
Restrictions: Standard


BOND, Julian (1940- ) RJB 133
State Representative, Georgia House of Representatives. Former communications director, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Reviews the Atlanta Student Movement. Gives an in-depth statement about SNCC: its origin, program, politics and members. Discusses his exclusion from the Georgia legislature and his role as a State Representative.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: January 22, 1968
Format: Transcript, 91 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BOOKER, Reginald H. (1941 ) RJB 585
Chairman, Washington (D. C.) Construction Area Industry Task Force. Discusses experience with racism in the Army; sit-in activities with Julius Hobson; Washington branch of CORE: involvement with ACT, the Black United Front, the Emergency Committee for the Transportation Crisis and the Washington Construction Area Industry Task Force. Discusses Pan-Africanism in America. Analyzes Black participation in the Vietnam War.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: July 24, 1970
Format: Transcript, 52 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BOONE, Richard (n.d.)    RJB 475
Executive Director, Alabama Action Committee, Montgomery, AL. Former field secretary, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). Reflects on his involvement with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and other student organizing efforts in the early 1960s. Discusses the civil rights movement in a larger political context, targeting the Mafia, northern capitalists, the white power structure, and the FBI in the exploitation of rural Blacks and in the assassinations of prominent civil rights and progressive political figures.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 18, 1969
Format: Transcript, 23 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BOOTHE, Mary (1945- )    RJB 274
Former worker, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Director, Greenwood Movement, Greenwood, Mississippi. Discusses the disintegration of SNCC in her area, citing the lack of local leadership as the prime factor. Also discusses her present organization, which focuses on jobs for Blacks in the local community.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 7, 1968
Format: Transcript, 30 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BOUTELLE, Paul (1934- )    RJB 629
Member, Socialist Worker's Party. Candidate, New York's eighteenth Congressional district, 1970. Founder, Freedom Now Party, New York City, 1964. Describes association with Black Muslims and Malcolm X. Recalls efforts of the Committee to Aid the Monroe (N.C.) Defendants. Gives origins of Freedom Now Party. Discusses Black political parties in New York City. Analyzes Socialist Workers Party in relation to competition from Communists and Trotskyites. Comments on local Black United Front.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 3, 1970
Format: Transcript, 120/155 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BOWIE, Harry (1935- )    RJB 311
State Director, Voter Education Program, Delta Ministry, Mississippi. Focuses on the evolution of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) as a local and national political force for Black Mississippians. Describes the activities of the Delta Ministry, its relationship to the FDP, and its activities to address severe hunger among the state's poor and to promote Black self-help efforts.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 8, 1968
Format: Transcript, 39 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BRADEN, Carl (1914- )
BRADEN, Ann (1924- ), joint interview    RJB 310
Executive Director, Southern Conference Educational Fund (SCEF); editor, Southern Patriot, SCEF house organ. Both Bradens, of Southern origin, discuss factors that changed their traditional values and ideas. Discuss origin and purpose of SCEF; problems in organizing and educating poor whites; editorial policy and clientele of Southern Patriot; journalist's role in society; effect of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) on Blacks.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: September 18, 1968
Format: Transcript, 111 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BRANTON, Wiley (1923- ) RJB 371/502
Director, Community and Social Action Division, Alliance for Labor Action. Former Executive Director, United Planning Organization (UPO), an anti-poverty organization, Washington, D. C. First Director, Voter Education Project, Southern Regional Council. Civil rights attorney. Recalls his role as sponsor of the first known Negro to desegregate a Southern school, the University of Arkansas, in 1948. As chief counsel to the "Little Rock 9," gives legal background of that school desegregation case. Discusses purpose, funding, activities and results of the Voter Education Project. Looks at Mississippi as most difficult area for voter registration. Recalls organization of Council of Federated Organizations. Discusses the provisions of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Recalls tenure as special assistant to two attorneys general under the Johnson Administration. Discusses programs and operations of UPO. Considers UPO's role in Federal anti-poverty programs.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr. for both interviews
Dates: January 16, 1969; October 20, 1969
Format: Transcripts, 78 pages; 38 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BREEZE, Brother (n.d.)    RJB 600
Co-director, Drug Abuse Center #1 Cleveland, Ohio. Discusses reasons for Center, funding, services, lack of aid and support from professionals in medical services, and effect of Center and its program on community.
Interviewer: Malaika Lumumba
Date: July 30, 1970
Format: Transcript, 22 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BREMOND, Walter (n.d.)    RJB 349
President, Black Congress, an umbrella organization of representatives from Black action groups in Los Angeles, California, whose purpose is to "focus on reconstruction of the Black community in every area."
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: November 18, 1968
Format: Transcript, 11 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BRITT, Travis (n.d.)     RJB 301
Relates his voter registration experiences as a member of the Student Nonviolent Coordination Committee (SNCC) in Macomb, Mississippi.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: September 24, 1968
Format: Transcript, 30 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BRITTON, Harvey (n.d.)    RJB 469
State field director, Louisiana chapter, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Discusses the Louisiana NAACP's efforts to reorganize following the lifting of a statewide ban against it. Interprets the racial and interracial divisions in Louisiana state politics and comments on the roles of several key Black and white political figures.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 11, 1969
Format: Transcript, 33 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BROOKS, Fred (1928- )    RJB 91
Former leader, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and organizer of the Liberation School, Nashville, Tennessee. Recalls early involvement in civil rights movement. Discusses changes in movement from 1962-67. Relates experiences during voter registration drive in Jonesboro, Louisiana. Discusses Deacons for Defense and Justice, organized by CORE in Jonesboro in 1964. Relates activities at Tennessee State University. Recalls testifying before Senator McClellan's sub-committee on investigations. Discusses Liberation School. Draws parallel between Vietnam conflict and fight of Blacks for right to control own lives. Discusses white involvement in movement.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: November 29, 1967
Format: Cassette tape
Tape length: 90 minutes
Restrictions: No reproduction


BROOKS, Lela (1940- )    RJB 288
Vice President of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, Sunflower County, Mississippi. Discusses earliest civil rights activities in the County, voter registration efforts and her active participation in MFDP from its inception.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 8, 1968
Format: Cassette Tape
Tape length: 45 minutes
Restrictions: No reproduction


BROOKS, Owen (1928- )    RJB 330
Director, Delta Ministry, Greenville, Mississippi. Discusses civil rights activities in Boston, Massachusetts. Discusses national Black leaders; history of Delta Ministry and its relationship with the National Council of Churches. Notes activities of organized labor in Mississippi. Analyzes "Black Power" slogan. Discusses role of Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP). Compares 1943 Henry Wallace campaign with 1968 campaigns of Humphrey, Kennedy, McCarthy and Nixon.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: September 24, 1968
Format: Transcript, 51, 60 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BROWN, Benjamin D. (1940- )    RJB 27
Representative, Georgia House of Representatives. Former leader in Atlanta Student Movement in early 1960's.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: August 16, 1967
Format: Transcript, 45 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may be read in the repository, quoted from and cited. No reproduction in any form including microphoto, typewriter, photostat etc. Researchers may seek permission from the oral author, his heirs, legal representatives or assigns.


BROWN, Edward (n.d.)    RJB 2
Relates how his student sit-in activities led to his expulsion from Southern University. Discusses the March on Washington (1963) and the ideological differences of its architects. Recalls circumstances surrounding the seating of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) at the Democratic National Convention. Discusses the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), its exodus from the traditional civil rights movement and the differences that developed between Black and white members.
Interviewer: Harold O. Lewis
Date: 1967
Format: Transcript, 72 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BROWN, Ewart (1946- )    RJB 354
President, Student Assembly, Howard University (1967-68), Washington, D. C. Discusses Black Power concept; conditions at Howard University from 1960 to present. Comments on powerlessness of faculty and unresponsiveness of administration. Explains relationship of the University to the Black community. Comments on limits of legitimate protest; civil disobedience; Black middle class; terms "Negro" and "Black."
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: September 14, 1968
Format: Transcript, 74, 79 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BROWN, Jess R. (n.d.)    RJB 687
Veteran civil rights attorney, Jackson, Mississippi. Discusses many cases.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: September 2, 1970
Format: Transcript, 21, 22 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BROWN, John, Jr. (n.d.)    RJB 197
Discusses the origin, structure, activities, and plans of the Southeast Alabama Self-Help Association (SEASHA), a community self- help training, action group.
Interviewer: Stanley H. Smith
Date: May 21, 1968
Format: Transcript, 24 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BROWN, Oscar, Sr. (ca. 1900- )    RJB 547
Attorney. One of the leaders of 49th State Movement during the 1930's. Organized first National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) college chapter. Former president, Chicago chapter, NAACP which fought restrictive covenants and aided Black residents in "all white neighborhoods." Former president, Chicago Negro Chamber of Commerce, which promoted and sponsored Black business. Recalls association with W. E. B. DuBois.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: March 26, 1970
Format: Transcript, 38 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BROWN, Otis (n.d.) RJB 286
Chairman of the Sunflower County Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. Former member of Mississippi Freedom Labor Union. Recalls his civil rights activities in Sunflower City and County.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 8, 1968
Format: Cassette tape
Tape length: 90 minutes
Restrictions: No reproduction


BROWN, Theodore E. (n.d.)    RJB 294
Executive Director, American Negro Leadership Conference on Africa. Comments on long association with A. Philip Randolph; involvement in trade union movement; involvement in affecting United States policies in Africa. Discusses travel in Africa, with special emphasis on Nigeria and Biafra, and attendance at sessions of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) Conference. Comments on Blacks in the cities and the youth rebellion.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: August 20, 1968
Format: Transcript, 68 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BROWN, Willie L. (n.d.) RJB 465
Attorney, Member, California State Assembly. Describes civil rights activities and organizations in which he has been involved, including voter registration and fair housing drives in San Francisco. As member of Board of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), discusses need for change in the organization. Cites his principal legislative efforts in California State Assembly. Discusses reasons for public school decentralization.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: August 11, 1969
Format: Transcript, 27 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BROWNE, Charles S. (n.d.)    RJB 698
Executive Director, Inner-City Business Improvement Forum, Detroit, Michigan. Traces origin of Improvement Forum, Blacks organizing to rebuild the Black business community. Discusses differences between Forum and New Detroit, Inc., a prestigious establishment organization which came into existence in the wake of the riot (and whose) objective was to try and renew Detroit.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: July 10, 1970
Format: Transcript, 38, 44 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BROWNE, Ernest C., Jr. (n.d.)    RJB 694
Member, Common Council, Detroit, Michigan. Discusses recruiting and hiring of Black policemen in Detroit; responsibilities with health department; his campaign.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: July 8, 1970
Format: Transcript, 29 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BROWNE, Robert S. (n.d.)    RJB 530
Concentrates on the idea of separatism as a means of Blacks gaining cultural unity and greater economic and political power. Discusses the need for a Black autonomous political force, James Foreman's Black Manifesto and proposes ceding of Southern states to Blacks.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: 1970
Format: Transcript, 23, 28 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BRYANT, Baxton (n.d.)    RJB 233
Executive Director, Tennessee Council on Human Relations. Discusses activities of organization.
Interviewer: Robert Campbell
Date: July 9, 1968
Format: Transcript, 76 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BRYANT, Ethel C. (n.d.) RJB 417
Executive Assistant to Mayor Samuel Yorty, Los Angeles, California. discusses 1969 mayoralty election including her role in Yorty's campaign, Black response to her efforts, the allegations of racism and conservatism in the campaign; Thomas Bradley, the Black candidate; Yorty's victory.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: July 1969
Format: Transcript, 33 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BUCKNER, Harold (n.d.)    RJB 583
Black President of the Student Government of Michigan State University. Discusses the powers and responsibilities of the position, student response to his election, and events that took place during his tenure. Reviews campus opposition to shootings at Kent State and Jackson State, effects of campus protests, and reaction of Black students to campus disorder. Analyzes motives of protesters and reaction of the administration to protest.
Interviewer: Jaye Stewart
Date: July 1, 1970
Format: Cassette tape
Tape length: 45 minutes
Restrictions: No reproduction


BUFFINGTON, John (ca. 1941- )    RJB 312
Chairman, Clay County (Mississippi) Development Organization. Member, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP). Former member, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) national executive committee. Former member, Black Muslims. Discusses role in organizing Black and white workers into unions. Recalls confrontation between Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party and "regulars" at Democratic convention 1968. Discusses expulsion of whites from SNCC. Reviews his experiences as a Black Muslim.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 12, 1968
Format: Transcript, 66 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BUFORD, Kenneth L. (deceased) (n.d.)    RJB 22
Alabama state field director, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). former member, Tuskegee City Council. Discusses his role in Tuskegee gerrymandering case and his activities as NAACP state field director.
Interviewer: Stanley H. Smith
Date: August 1967
Format: Transcript, 7 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may be read in the repository by persons engaged in serious research. No quotation or citation of this record may be made during my lifetime except with my written permission. No reproduction of this record, either in whole or in part, may be made by microphoto, typewriter, photostat, or any other device, except by me, my heirs, legal representatives, or assigns.


BUNCHE, Mrs. Ralph J. (n.d.)    RJB 711
Widow of Dr. Ralph J. Bunche. Discusses her recollections of incidents illustrating Dr. Bunche's deep interest and involvement in the problems of Black Americans. Gives an account of such experiences while Dr. Bunche was on the Howard University faculty. Recalls how he declined the opportunity of being Assistant Secretary of State because of the racial situation in Washington, D. C.
Interviewer: Vincent J. Browne
Date: March 8, 1973
Format: Transcript, 31 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BURBRIDGE, Thomas N. (ca. 1919- )    RJB 435
Former President, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), San Francisco chapter. Concentrates on his chapter's efforts to bring integration to the public schools in 1961 and to obtain employment opportunities for Blacks.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: July 18, 1969
Format: Transcript, 69 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BURLEY, Ron (n.d.)    RJB 677
Student at American University. Member of American University's Organization of Afro-American Students and Minister of its security. Discusses the evolution of the organization from a social to a political action group. Describes the campus climate that Blacks encountered in the late 60's.
Interviewer: Robert Wright Date: February 3, 1971
Format: Cassette tape
Tape length: 90 minutes
Restrictions: No reproduction


BURNETT, Winston A. (n.d.) RJB 505
Chairman of the Board and founder of Winston Burnett Construction Company, Inc., New York. Describes the beginning and growth of the family business. Comments on local banking policies towards Blacks. Discusses Company participation in urban renewal projects. Gives philosophy of Black entrepreneurship in a free enterprise system.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: November 5, 1969
Format: Transcript, 18, 22 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BURNS, W. Haywood (1940- ) RJB 609
Director, National Conference of Black Lawyers. Gives origin of organization and types of issues and activities with which it is concerned. Recalls his varied civil rights activities: demonstrator with Emergency Lunch Counter Integration Committee at Harvard; public relations officer of Congress of Racial Equality (CORE); participant in Mississippi Freedom Summer; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Legal Defense and Educational Fund; Counsel for Poor People's Campaign.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 19, 1970
Format: Transcript, 47, 55 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BURRELL, Berkley (1919-deceased)    RJB 633
President, National Business League. Describes early business successes and reverses in Washington, D. C. Details difficulties in dealing with white banks. Discusses revitalization of National Business League. Defines role of Small Business Administration in Black businesses. Discusses Democratic and Republican attitudes towards Black enterprise. Evaluates influence of Booker T. Washington.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 6, 1970
Format: Transcript, 47, 48 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BUSKIRK, Phillip (n.d.)    RJB 381
Chairman, legislative committee, Poor People's Campaign. Defines objectives and programs of his committee. Discusses Congressional legislation.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: June 12, 1968
Format: Transcript, 20 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


BUTLER, Ancusto (1933- )     RJB 83
President, Job Seekers; co-founder, Freedom Fighters and United Freedom Movement, Cleveland, Ohio. Discusses techniques and results of these organizations that attack discriminatory employment and working conditions in business and industry. Gives an account of riot in Cleveland. Discusses his hopes for Cleveland under Mayor Carl Stokes.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: November 14, 1967
Format: Transcript, 54 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CABBAGE, Charles (ca. 1945- )    RJB 255
Program Director, Black Organizing Project, Memphis, Tennessee. Discusses Memphis garbage strike. Describes effects of assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: 1968
Format: Transcript, 33 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CABERA, Y. Arturo (1921- )    RJB 318
Faculty member, San Jose State College and candidate for California legislature. Discusses experiences as a child of poor Mexican- American parents; military experiences; factors motivating him to pursue higher education. Discusses formation of Association of Mexican-American Educators and his membership in the Mexican- American Political Association. Comments on growing militancy of Mexican-Americans.
Interviewer: Jose Lopez
Date: 1968
Format: Transcript, 39, 40 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CABLETON, Robert (n.d.)    RJB 325
Former field secretary, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in Arkansas. Concentrates on internal problems of SNCC chapter in Arkansas. Assesses relevance of Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) to Black community.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: September 24, 1968
Format: Transcript, 39 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CALHOUN, John H. (ca. 1900- )    RJB 188
Civic Leader and Republican party organizer, Atlanta, Georgia. Discusses local politics, including elections, candidates, and issues in the 1950's and 1960's.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: May 23, 1968
Format: Transcript, 61 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CAMPBELL, Leslie (n.d.)    RJB 497
Director, African-American Teachers' Union, New York. Co-founder, Uhuru Sasa. Discusses experiences in Oceanhill-Brownsville school district; conflicts between African-American Teachers' Union and New York State Teachers' Association; founding of Uhuru Sasa, an independent school in Brooklyn whose goal is complete community control.
Interviewer: Helen Hall
Date: January 29, 1970
Format: Transcript, 22 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CAMPBELL, Mary L. (n.d.)    RJB 690
Member, Memphis Federation of Teachers, AFL/CIO. Explains reasons for joining Memphis civil rights movement. Discusses efforts to better conditions for Black teachers; her two dismissals from teaching duties; attempts to organize teachers union.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: June 4, 1970
Format: Transcript, 13 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CAMPBELL, Robert F. (n.d.)    RJB 97
Executive Director, Southern Educational Reporting Service (SERS). Discusses origin and purpose of SERS. Also discusses its services, including: the defunct Southern School News, Southern Education Report, SER's investigatory studies, and its library on the history of race relations 1954-65.
Interviewer: Vincent J. Browne
Date: November 30, 1967
Format: Transcript, 13 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CAMPBELL, Will D. (n.d.)    RJB 385
Director, Committee of Southern Churchmen. Former chaplain, University of Mississippi. Formerly head of the Southern office on Race and Cultural Relations, National Council of Churches. Discusses his attempts to "liberate" the University of Mississippi community in the area of race relations, his activities during the Southern desegregation crisis of the 1950's and '60's as a troubleshooter for the National Council of Churches, and his present organization. Also discusses the forming of Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and several clerical and secular civil rights groups. Recalls his friendship with some members of the Ku Klux Klan.
Interviewer:
Date: 1968
Format: Transcript, 188 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CAPLAN, Marvin (ca. 1919- )    RJB 78
Director, Washington office, Leadership Conference on Civil rights (LCCR), and legislative representative, Industrial Union Department AFL/CIO. Discusses activism in Richmond, Virginia: founding of Southern-Jewish Outlook, an Anglo-Jewish magazine focusing on civil rights and the labor movement; organizing the Henry Wallace Progressive party; involvement with liberal causes; founding of American Veterans Committee. Details efforts to end segregation in Washington, D. C. Describes origin of LCCR. Gives strategy used to pass 1964 Civil Rights Act. Comments on impact of Black Power concept.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: November 14, 1967
Format: Transcript, 147 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CAREW, Colin (ca. 1941- )    RJB 8
Director, New Thing Art and Architecture Center, Washington, D. C., which exposes children and young adults to the arts and "Black culture." Discusses his ideas and design for a low-income housing project scheduled to be erected in Washington, D. C.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: July 14, 1967
Format: Transcript, 38 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may be read in the repository, quoted from and cited. No reproduction in any form including microphoto, typewriter, photostat etc. Researchers may seek permission from the oral author, their heirs, legal representatives or assigns.


CAREY, Archibald J. (n.d.)    RJB 543
Judge, Circuit Court, Cook County, Illinois, and minister emeritus, Guinn Chapel. Discusses political background. Outlines functioning of Daley organization. Comments on association with Martin Luther King Jr.; appointments under Eisenhower administration. Traces origin of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE).
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: March 24, 1970
Format: Transcript, 33 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CARLINER, David (n.d.)    RJB 237
Attorney. Chairman, Washington Home Rule Committee. Founder, D. C. chapter American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). Relates his attempts to re-organize D. C. Governing body and to secure home rule for Washington. Also discusses civil rights activities of D. C. chapter of ACLU.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: June 29, 1968
Format: Transcript, 52 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may be read in the repository, quoted from and cited. No reproduction in any form including microphoto, typewriter, photostat etc. Researchers may seek permission from the oral author, his heirs, legal representatives or assigns.


CARTER, Hodding II (1935- )    RJB 329
Editor, Delta-Democrat Times, Greenville, Mississippi. One of the leaders of the Democratic "loyalist" challenge of the "regulars" at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. Discusses his own role as well as the key strategies and personalities involved in the various factions of Mississippi's divided Democratic Party during the 1968 presidential campaign which featured Alabama governor George Wallace's bid for the party's nomination. Discusses the political climate in Mississippi after the Brown v. Board of Education decision, the effect of the Freedom Summer of 1964, the influence and resurgence of the White Citizen's Councils, and the roles of the media and labor in shaping racial relations in the South.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: September 23, 1968
Format: Transcript, 35 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CARTER, Robert L. (n.d.)    RJB 164
General counsel, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Discusses his duties. Defines differences in NAACP legal department and NAACP Legal Defense Fund, Inc. Gives cost of typical case. Discusses NAACP cases, including the Supreme Court decision of 1954.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: March 8, 1968
Format: Transcript, 40 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CASHIN, John (n.d.)    RJB 482/704
Veteran civil rights activist, Huntsville, Alabama. Chairman, National Democratic Party of Alabama (NDPA).
Interviewers: Robert Wright; Edward Thompson III
Dates: August 15, 1969; 1972
Format: Transcripts, 55 pages, 30 pages; tapes not available
Restrictions: Standard


CASSELL, Charles (n.d.)    RJB 357
Vice-Chairman, D. C. Emergency Committee on the Transportation Crisis. Member, Black United Front, Washington, D. C. Discusses Emergency Committee's role in halting development of freeways through inner city. Comments on police-community relations, one of the concerns of the Black United Front. Discusses the decline of CORE in Washington.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: December 31, 1968
Format: Transcript, 35 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CAYTON, Horace (1912- )    RJB 429
Co-Editor, Black Metropolis. Recalls his early sociological research into urban problems, the impact of racism, and the condition of Blacks in society. Discusses his association with key foundation executives and social scientists. Offers general comments on the future of the civil rights movement, race relations, and the Black Studies movement. Gives his opinions of the Black Panthers and Black Power activists Eldridge Cleaver, Rap Brown, and Stokely Carmichael.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: July 20, 1969
Format: Transcript, 68 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CHAMPION, Newton E. (n.d.)    RJB 442
UCLA student chairman, Committee for Black Art and Culture. Member, Black Athletic Association, UCLA. Discusses his ideas for Black economic power cells in the film industry and in the collegiate recruiting of Black athletes.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: August 15, 1969
Format: Transcript, 32 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CHARITY, Ruth (n.d.)    RJB 620
Member, City Council, Danville, Virginia. Discusses her legislative goals with respect to federally funded job training programs, equal employment opportunities for Blacks in local government and industry, vocational education, instructional training for retarded children. Discusses the financing of her campaign. Gives a picture of Black life in Danville, e. g. relations with whites, land ownership, organizations, employment.
Interviewer: Malaika Lumumba
Date: August 29, 1970
Format: Transcript, 19,20 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CHENG, Charles (n.d.)    RJB 558
Assistant to the President, Washington (D.C.) Teachers' Union. Recalls early experiences as son of interracial parents. Describes participation in Selma-to-Montgomery march. Comments on activist movement among Asian community. Discusses purposes and strategies of Teachers' Union. Describes participation in Poor People's Campaign.
Interviewer: Malaika Lumumba
Date: June 6, 1970
Format: Transcript, 62 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CHESTER, William (n.d.)    RJB 424
Vice President and Assistant to Harry Bridges, President of the International Longshoremen and Warehouse (ILW) Union, San Francisco, California. Discusses genesis of his civil rights commitment; history of Black participation in the maritime unions and his participation in efforts to eliminate discrimination against all minorities in the ILW. Describes current union demographics and how they influence the politics of the Union's elections and its community interests. Details use of ILW's political and economic power to improve employment and political opportunities for Blacks in the Bay area.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: July 23, 1969
Format: Transcript, 53 pages; cassette tape available
Tape length:
Restrictions: Standard


CHISHOLM, Shirley (1924- )    RJB 717
Representative (D-NY), U. S. Congress. Comments on initial political involvement. Discusses failures of National Black Political Convention and its leaders; Delegate Fauntroy's promise to deliver her candidacy delegate votes from the District of Columbia; support she received from common people; retiring from politics; how her involvement with Women's Liberation Movement has been misconstrued; corruption permeating American political system.
Interviewer: Edward Thompson III
Date: May 2, 1973
Format: Transcript, 30 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CHISOLM, Elwood (deceased)    RJB 17
Member of the Howard University Law School faculty. Discusses the history of the Law School as he knew it from the early 1900's. Recalls the famous Negro lawyers who helped pave the way to justice, such as Thurgood Marshall, Ralph Bunche, James Nabrit, Charles Houston and Jim Cobb. Reviews the early achievements of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Legal Defense Fund. Describes the uncompromising effort that students and faculty of the various social science fields put forth to help in the struggle for justice.
Interviewer: Harold O. Lewis
Date: August 9, 1967
Format: Transcript, 32 pages
Restrictions Standard


CLARK, Kenneth (1914- )    RJB 573
Director, Metropolitan Applied Research Center (MARC), New York. Recalls how his early public school education and experiences at Howard and Columbia Universities shaped his life's work. Discusses his role and that of other social scientists in the Supreme Court's school desegregation decision, 1954. Comments on HARYOU (Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited) and some of its problems.
Interviewer: Malaika Lumumba
Date: June 17, 1970
Format: Transcript, 33 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CLARK, Ramsey (1927- )    RJB 361
Attorney General during the Johnson administration. In the first of a two part interview he chronicles the march of Black progress from the Emancipation Proclamation to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Argues the effectiveness of legal actions for achieving racial desegregation. Stresses the need to coordinate and marshal strong congressional support for laws and court decisions aimed at ameliorating segregation, discrimination, and inequity. Discusses the effects of urbanization, the generation gap, and the technological revolution on Black progress, as well as the international implications of desegregation. In the second part, he details the steps involved in drafting and strengthening the Open Housing Act of 1968 and then getting it passed in the Congress. Specifically notes the role of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights in this process. Responds to questions about the Act's shortcomings and the lack of adequate appropriations provided to enforce it.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Dates: December 17, 1968; April 21, 1969
Format: Transcripts, 24 pages; 33 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CLARK, Robert G. (n.d.)    RJB 313
State Senator, Mississippi. Discusses his political philosophy and programs.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 11, 1968
Format: Transcript, 15 pages, tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CLARKE, John Henrik (n.d.)    RJB 495
Author and historian. Recalls the launching of his literary and teaching careers. Discusses the decline of the American Society of African Culture. Gives views on American Communist Party, the Black theater, and Black nationalism.
Interviewer: Malaika Lumumba
Date: January 28, 1970
Format: Transcript, 16 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CLARKE, William P., Sr. (n.d.)    RJB 615
Member, City Council, Chesapeake, Virginia. Discusses his campaign for election as an independent. Describes voter registration as the major problem of Blacks in the city. Describes Black representation on all city commissions and his efforts to encourage Blacks to run for political office as the most meaningful programs he could sponsor. Discusses socio-economic problems of Blacks in his city.
Interviewer: Malaika Lumumba
Date: August 28, 1970
Format: Transcript, 16 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CLAY, William L. (1931- )    RJB 374
Representative (D-MO), U. S. Congress. Reviews early civil rights activities in Missouri that led to a jail sentence. Discusses his Congressional campaign and election, the role of a Black Congressman and his efforts to desegregate labor unions.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: November 25, 1968
Format: Transcript, 18 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CLEMENT, Kenneth (1920- )    RJB 191
Campaign director for Mayor Carl B. Stokes, Cleveland, Ohio. Gives personality profile of Stokes and how he was chosen as candidate. Recalls Martin Luther King Jr.'s influence on the campaign. Discusses factors that led to Stokes' defeat in 1965 and his victory in 1967.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: June 6, 1968
Format: Transcript, 34 pages; tape not available
Restrictions Standard


COHEN, Wilbur J. (1913-1987)    RJB 454
Former Secretary of Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Explains why John Kennedy, who stressed civil rights during his 1960 Presidential campaign, did not press for civil rights legislation until 1963. Discusses guidelines and enforcement of Title IV and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Discusses welfare reform.
Interviewer: Helen Hall
Date: September 4, 1969
Format: Transcript, 37 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COLE, Babalola (n.d.)    RJB 657
Lecturer in political science, Howard University, Washington, D. C. Comments on the student activism and militancy that evolved at Howard University during the 1967-68 school year. Compares the administrative styles of Howard president Nabrit and his successor, James Cheek.
Interviewer: Allen Coleman
Date: November 20, 1970
Format: Transcript, 25, 29 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COLEMAN, Clarence D. (n.d.)    RJB 125
Southern regional director, National Urban League. Discusses organizational and operational structure of League and how programs originating with the Delegate Assembly are channeled to local affiliates. Articulates many of the League's programs and tools employed to assess its success. Gives the League's concept of a domestic Marshall Plan. States purpose, origin, and accomplishments of Atlanta Summit Leadership Conference.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: January 24, 1968
Format: Transcript, 34 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COLEMAN, Milton (1946- )    RJB 149
Student and one of the founders of Alliance of Black Students, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee Campus. Focusing on the unique concerns of Black UWM students, Coleman debates the relevance of Eurocentric academics to Black progress and discusses the concept of Black Power. Comments on the civil unrest within Milwaukee's Black community, incidents of police brutality, and the political ineptness of the city government.
Interviewer: Helen Hall
Date: February 14, 1968
Format: Transcript, 49 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COLES, Flounroy (n.d.)    RJB 393
Chairman, Interstate-40 Steering Committee, Nashville, Tennessee, formed to block construction of a highway through the Black section of the city containing 85 per cent of the Negro businesses in the county. Discusses highway controversy at length, including why the construction was re-routed through the Black district, legal maneuvers of participants in the controversy, and the effects of the construction on the Black community.
Interviewer: Stanley H. Smith
Date: August 1968
Format: Transcript, 28 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COLLINS, Daniel A. (1916- )    RJB 423
Dentist and civic leader, San Francisco, California. Founder of the San Francisco Urban League and former member of the California State Board of Education. Recalls his youth in rural South Carolina and his early organizing activities for the Democratic Party in northern California in the 1940s and 50s. Discusses the roles of the unions and multiracial coalitions in Black Californians' efforts to achieve economic self-determination and political empowerment. Derides the intellectual shortcomings of Black militants and their tactics.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: July 23, 1969
Format: Transcript, 46 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COMACHO, Victor (n.d.)    RJB 320
President, San Marcos (California) Foundation, an organization "dedicated to the cultural, educational, and economic development of the Hispanic community." Discusses funding of his group. Stresses inadequate housing as one of the most pressing problems of Mexican-Americans in his area. Discusses signs of revolt in the Chicano community.
Interviewer: Sy Berg
Date: August 16, 1968
Format: Transcript, 10 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COMFORT, Mark (n.d.)    RJB 338
Director, Oakland (California) Direct Action Committee. Discusses origin and purpose of his group. Recalls founding of Black Panther Party in California. Discusses his experiences as western coordinator of Poor People's Campaign.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: November 16, 1968
Format: Transcript, 36 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COOK, Harold D. J. (1946- )    RJB 356
Law student, Howard University. Discusses student protest at Howard attributing it to the failure of administration to respond to student demands and the inability of students to get results through orderly channels. Compares protest at Howard with that of Columbia University. Discusses Law School programs that reach into the Black community.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: November 16, 1968
Format: Transcript, 47 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COOKS, Stoney (1943- )    RJB 260
Staff member, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). Chairman of the college and youth involvement program of the Poor People's Campaign. Recalls origin of idea for Poor People's Campaign. Discusses role played by students, including fund raising campaigns, clothing drives, teaching at Poor People's University. Discusses the University, which was his idea, and his expectations. Relates his duties as budget officer for the Poor People's Campaign.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: July 12, 1968
Format: Transcript, 25 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COOPER, Ernest (n.d.)    RJB 602
Director, Urban League, Cleveland, Ohio. Discusses the new thrust of the League with respect to its interest in lower-income Blacks and its concern with changing institutional systems so that they will work for Black people. Looks at business and employment opportunities for Blacks in Cleveland.
Interviewer: Nanette Freeman
Date: July 1, 1970
Format: Transcript, 23 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COTTON, Douglas M. (1942- )    RJB 284
Former field secretary, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) Mississippi. Comments on the impact of the Freedom Summer and outside organizers on the civil rights efforts of native Black Mississippians.
Interviewer: Robert Wright
Date: August 5, 1968
Format: Transcript, 53 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COUNTRYMAN, Peter (1942- )    RJB 116
Founder, Northern Student Movement, a fund raising organization for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: January 11, 1968
Format: Transcript, 47 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COURTS, Gus (n.d.)    RJB 160
Former leader, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Belzoni, Mississippi. Recalls the "harassment, intimidation, and acts of violence" he experienced because of his NAACP membership and voter registration activities.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: February 22, 1968
Format: Transcript, 38 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COWAN, Pauline (1913- )    RJB 163
Director, Wednesdays in Mississippi, an interracial group of women who observed conditions and civil rights activities in Mississippi, and reported their findings in an effort to solicit action and support for civil rights.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: March 8, 1968
Format: Transcript, 41,42 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


COX, Raymond L., Jr. (n.d.)    RJB 216
Elected senator from College of Liberal Arts to the Student Assembly, Howard University, 1967-68. Articulates conditions at the university that led to campus unrest in 1968. Relates his ideas on the responsibilities of a Black university to its academic and surrounding community.
Interviewer: Robert E. Martin
Date: June 25, 1968
Format: Transcript, 60 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CRAFT, Juanita E. (n.d.)    RJB 214  
Director, Youth Division, Dallas chapter, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Discusses her division's projects for economically deprived youth.
Interviewer: John Egerton
Date: June 10, 1968
Format: Transcript, 38 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may be read in the repository, quoted from and cited. No reproduction in any form including microphoto, typewriter, photostat etc. Researchers may seek permission from the oral author, her heirs, legal representatives or assigns.


CRAIG, Calvin (1928- )    RJB 124
Grand Dragon, Georgia realm, United Klans of America, Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. Vice Chairman, Model City Program, Atlanta, Georgia. Gives his views on race, stressing his beliefs in segregation, the right of individuals to live in harmony and have a good life among their class of people. Discusses some of the Klan's programs, e. g. voter registration and clothing banks. Gives the purpose and function of the Klan.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: January 23, 1968
Format: Transcript, 41 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CRANFORD, Raymond (n.d.)    RJB 387
Southern farmer and businessman. Member, Ku Klux Klan. Gives his views on poor whites, integration, Blacks and American society today.
Interviewer: Robert Campbell
Date: 1968
Format: Transcript, 28,29 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CRENSHAW, Cornelia (n.d.)    RJB 243
Veteran civil rights leader, Memphis, Tennessee. A leading organizer of the garbage strike and boycott. Recounts the volatile conditions and events which led to the Memphis garbage workers' strike and Martin Luther King, Jr.'s fateful visit in April 1968-- the mounting pressure from dedicated Black labor and civil rights activists for fair employment, housing, and education opportunity and the stubborn resistance of segregationist white politicians and merchants.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: July 1968
Format: Transcript, 54 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CROCKETT, George W. (1909- )    RJB 695
Judge, Recorders Court, Detroit, Michigan. Vice President, National Lawyers Guild. Veteran civil rights attorney. Reflects on his lengthy legal career, from his early years as a Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) trial examiner during the (Franklin) Roosevelt administration, to his controversial tenure as a criminal court judge in Detroit, battling to protect the civil rights of prisoners, expose police brutality, and eliminate discriminatory sentencing practices. Discusses his role as legal counsel to the International United Auto Workers Union in the 1940s, and chastises union policy makers for their ambivalence regarding civil rights and desegregation issues. Recalls his private practice exploits as a partner in one of the nation's first interracial law firms: from defending citizens accused of communist activity by the McCarthy committee, to establishing legal institutes to help southern Black lawyers supplement their civil rights practices, to working with the National Lawyers Guild defending COFO (Conference of Federated Organizations) activists in Mississippi in the 1960s.
Interviewer: James M. Mosby Jr.
Date: July 9, 1970
Format: Transcript, 73, 79 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CRONIN, John F. (n.d.)    RJB 26
Catholic priest who urged the American bishops to issue their statement of 1958 on race relations and civil rights. Discusses role of clergy in civil rights legislation.
Interviewer: Katherine Shannon
Date: August 18, 1967
Format: Transcript, 46 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: The record of this tape may be read in the repository, quoted from and cited. No reproduction in any form including microphoto, typewriter, photostat etc. Researchers may seek permission from the oral author, his heirs, legal representatives or assigns.


CURRENT, Gloster (1913- )    RJB 167
Director, Branches and Field Administration, National Association for the Advancement of Colored people (NAACP). Examines employment and economic conditions for Negroes in Detroit in the 1940's. Discusses riots there, 1942-43. Describes NAACP organization including its policies, membership, relationship of branches to national leadership. Discusses duties of his office.
Interviewer: John Britton
Date: March 7, 1968
Format: Transcript, 43 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard


CURRIER, Theodore (n.d.)    RJB 96
Professor, Department of History, Fisk University. Discusses relationship of Fisk to the Nashville community. Examines the role and need of black colleges and universities. Looks at the socio- economic conditions of Negroes in Nashville, Tennessee.
Interviewer: Vincent J. Browne
Date: November 29, 1967
Format: Transcript, 26 pages; tape not available
Restrictions: Standard

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