Ernest E. Just, a zoologist, biologist, physiologist, research scientist, was born in Charleston, South Carolina on August 14, 1883. His parents were Charles Frazier and Mary Matthews Just. He went to college prep school, Kimball Hall Academy in New Hampshire, where he completed a four-year course in three years. He was the only one in his class to graduate magna cum laude at Dartmouth College in 1907. He received special honors in botany and history, with honors in botany and sociology. He received the highest honors in Greek in his freshman class. He was the Ruffs Choate scholar for two years. In 1907, Dr. Just began to teach at Howard University.
Ernest E. Just
In 1909, he conducted research as an assistant during the summer for Professor Frank Rattray Lillie, who happened to be the second director of the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, Mass. He received the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy magna cum laude from the University of Chicago in experimental embryology in 1916. His thesis was on the mechanics of fertilization.
He's made numerous contributions on the physiology of development, which was the legacy of his research. He's worked on the subjects of fertilization, experimental parthenogenesis, hydration, cell division, cell division, dehydration in living cells, the effect of ultra violet rays in increasing the number of chromosomes in animals and in alerting the organization of the egg with special reference to polarity.
co-wrote General Cytology, which was published in 1924.
Also in that year, a group of German biologists picked him out of all the biologists in the world to help them work on a monograph about fertilization. He contributed to the second volume of Dr. Jerome Alexander's three volume series on Colloid Chemistry.
For eleven years (1920-1931), he was the Julius Rosenwald Fellow in Biology of the National Research Council . With this grant program, he did research as an assistant researcher of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biology. He worked in Naples and in Sicily as a marine biologist. He lectured at Padna, Italy to the Eleventh Congress of Zoologists. The Role of Cortical Cytoplasm in Vital Phenomena was the title of his speech.
He died in 1941. George R. Arthur
said about him, "If we are to judge his accomplishments by standards set
up by men of science, it can be said that Dr.
Just is an eminent scientist. If we are to judge his value to Negro education
by what he has accomplished in the realm of science, it can be said that
to Negro youth especially , he demonstrates the possibility of human achievement
regardless of race or color. In the language of Dean Kelly Miller in an
appreciation of Dr. Just, 'what boots it that was Euclid was a Greek, Newton
an Englishman, Marconi an Italian or Guttenburg a German? Their genius
has enriched the blood of mankind regardless of place, time, race or nationality.'"
George R. Arthur. Ernest Just, Biologist., The Crisis, February 1932, p. 46
I received the information from Founders Library of Howard University.
I received the last image from
National Institute of Neurological
Disorders and Stroke, http://www.ninds.nih.gov/eeo/just.htm.
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