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HERITAGE EXPLORATION
CYBERCAMP

Politicians, Public Officials, News Anchors and Journalists


African Americans entered the political arena as early as 1866 when Edward G. Walker and Charles L. Mitchell  sat in the
Massachusetts legislature. From1868 to 1874, the South Carolina House legislature had a black majority, 87 blacks to 40 whites. After Reconstruction blacks had an uphill climb to gain political positions. Organizations like the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the National Urban League, the Congress on Racial Equality (CORE),  the National Council of Negro Women, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) were instrumental in lobbying for legislation to ensure the full participation of  African Americans in the political process and the job market at local, state, and national levels.  Black newspapers helped by disseminating information that mainstream papers overlooked.  Ralph Bunche alerted blacks to the need to devote intelligent interest and effort to problems in the nation and the world.

Working in small groups, select one person from each of the five categories below and construct a common or unified timeline of the significant events in the lives of the five individuals, using the "Timeline" on the Gale Black History Month web site as a guide.
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National Spokespersons


 


Frederick Douglass
http://www.history.rochester.edu/class/DOUGLASS/home.html

W.E.B. DuBois
http://www.gale.com/gale/bhm/duboiswe.html
 


Ambassadors and Cabinet Appointees


 


Ralph Bunche
http://www.bakersfield.com/special/blackhistory/bunche.html

Patricia Harris Roberts
http://www.prh2000.org/biography1.htm

Benjamin O. Davis, Sr.
http://www.stampsonline.com/collect/stamp97/bodleft.htm

Colin L. Powell
http://ww4.webbernet.net/~herman/colin/colinbio.html

Thurgood Marshall
http://www.ai.mit.edu/~isbell/HFh/black/events_and_people/html/001.thurgood_marshall.html
http://members.aol.com/klove01/marshall.htm

Alexis Hermann
http://www.facts.com/wnd/cabinet.htm#herman

Jesse Brown
http://www.facts.com/wnd/cabinet.htm#brown

Larry Irving
http://www.ntia.doc.gov/otiahome/tiiap/conference/irvingbio.html

Robert C. Weaver
http://www.msstate.edu/listarchives/afrigeneas/199707/msg00643.html

Andrew Young
http://www.worldafricannet.com/young/ayoung.html
 


U.S. Senators and Congressional Leaders


 


Edward R. Brooke
http://www.usbol.com/ctjournal/EdBrookebio.html

Shirley Chisholm
http://www.worldbook.com/fun/aajourny/html/bh095.html

Barbara Jordan
http://www.beejae.com/bjordan.htm
http://www.greatwomen.org/jordan.htm

Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.
http://www.usbol.com/ctjournal/ACPowellbio.html

Louis Stokes
http://www.la.osd.mil/hsmember/a462.htm

Albert R. Wynn
http://www.house.gov/wynn/

Walter E. Fauntroy
http://www.usbol.com/ctjournal/WFauntroybio.html

Eleanor Holmes Norton
http://www.house/gov/norton/welcome.htm

Jesse Louis Jackson
http://www.worldbook.com/fun/aajourny/html/jackson.html
 


Governors, Mayors and Councilors

Carl B. Stokes
http://www.visibleink.com/gale/bhm/ay06.html

Walter Washington
http://cgi1.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/local/longterm/library/dccrisis/chpter4.htm
City Museum
http://www.hswdc.org/CMintro.htm

DouglasWilder
http://gateway-va.com/pages/bhistory/wilder.htm

David N. Dinkins
http://www.usta.com/theusta/board/dinkins.html

Marion Barry
http://www.dcwatch.com/mayor/980521.htm

Charlene Drew Jarvis
http://www.washcp.com/lips/bios/jarvisbio.html

Sharon Pratt Kelly
http://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/lips/bios/kellybio.html

Anthony Williams
http://www.ci.washington.dc.us/biography.html

News Anchors and Journalists


 


Frances L. Murphy
http://npc.press.org/wpforal/murphint.htm

William Raspberry
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/opinions/raspberry.htm

Juan Williams
http://speakers.com/juanw.html

Ed Bradley
http://www.npr.org/inside/bios/ebradley.html

Clarence Page
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/ww/page.html

Bernard Shaw
http://www.moderndemocracy.com/shaw.html

Carole Simpson
http://npc.press.org/wpforal/simint.htm
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Exercises
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