William Edward Burghardt DuBois
W.E.B. DuBois photo
WEB DuBois
William Edward Burghardt DuBois was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts on February 23, 1868.  He recieved bachelor's degree from Fisk University and went to recieve another as well as a Ph.D from Harvard. For a while he was a professor of Latin and Greek at Wilberforce and the University of Pennsylvania.  At Atlanta University he also served as a professor  of economics and history.  Du Bois passed away in Ghana on August 27, 1963, at the age of 95.

One of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People ( NAACP) in 1909, Du Bois served as that organization's director of publications and editor of Crisis magazine until 1934. In 1944, he returned from Atlanta University to become head of the NAACP's special research department, a post he held until 1948.
Dr. Du Bois traveled to Africa in 1961 and became editor-in-chief of the Encyclopedia Africana, an enormous publishing venture which had been planned by Kwame Nkrumah who was later deposed as president of Ghana.

Du Bois's books include The Suppression of the Slave Trade (1896), The Philadelphia Negro (1899), The Souls of Black Folk (1903), John Brown (1909), Quest of the Silver Fleece (1911), The Negro (1915), Darkwater (1920), The Gift of Black Folk (1924), Dark Princess (1928), Black Folk: Then and Now (1939), Dusk of Dawn (1940), Color and Democracy (1945), The World and Africa (1947), In Battle for Peace (1952), and a trilogy, Black Flame (1957-1961).

 Du Bois was one of the first male civil rights leaders to recognize the problems of gender discrimination. He was among the first men to understand the unique problems of black women and to value their contributions. He supported the women's suffrage movement and strove to integrate this mostly white struggle. He encouraged many black female writers, artists, poets, and novelists, featuring their works in Crisis and sometimes providing personal financial assistance to them. Several of his novels feature women as prominently as men, an unusual approach for any author of his day. Du Bois spent his life working not just for the equality of all men, but for the equality of all people.

                                      By William White, 8th grade