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Bibliography: African-Americans in the Military

Library of Congress. Prints and Photographs Division


The books listed in this selected bibliography are taken from Sterling, the Howard University Online catalog and the Internet (World Wide Web).

Each book entry contains information about the book, call number, location, and the status of the book. To find additional titles, use the following keywords: african-americans and military, blacks and military, black soldiers and military.

The collection includes books and videos covering all time periods of United States history including the American Revolutionary War up to our current wars.


Blatt, Martin Henry, Thomas J. Brown, and Donald Yacovone. Hope and Glory: Essays on the Legacy of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment. (Moorland-S, Gen. Coll., M973.7 H771 2001).

Buckley, Gail Lumet. American Patriots: The Story of Blacks in the Military from The Revolution to Desert Storm. New York: Random House, 2001. (Undergraduate, Library, Aux. Coll. E185.63 B93 2001B).

Christian, Garna L. Black Soldiers in Jim Crow Texas, 1899 – 1917. College Station, Texas: Texas A & M Press, 1995. (Founders Library, UB 418 A47 C48 1995).

Collins, Gail. American Women: Four Hundred Years of Dolls, Drudges, Helpmates, and Heroines. New York: William Morrow, 2003. (Founders Library, HQ1410 C588 2003).

Converse III, Elliott V. The Exclusion of Black Soldiers from the Medal of Honor in World War II: The Study Commissioned by the United States Army to Investigate

Racial Bias in the Awarding of the Nation’s Highest Military Decoration. (Undergraduate Library, Aux. Coll. D796.5 U6 E93 1997).

Dorsey, James. Up South: Blacks in Chicago’s Suburbs, 1719-1983. Bristol, Ind., U.S.A.: (Wyndham Hall Press, 1986. (Undergraduate Library, Aux. Coll. F548.9 N4 1986).

Glatthaar, Joseph T. Forgedin Battle: The Civil War Alliance of Black Soldiers andWhite Officers. New York: Collier Macmillan, 1990. (Founders Library, Ref. E540 N3 G53 1990).

Greene, Robert Ewell. Swamp Angels : A Biographical Study of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment : True Facts About the Black Defenders of the Civil War . United States: BoMark/Greene Pub. Group, 1990. (Founders, E 513.5 54 th G74 1990).

Harper, Judith E. Women During the Civil War: An Encyclopedia. New York: Routledge, 2004. (Founders Library, Ref. E628 H37 2004).

Haskins, Jim. African American Military Heroes. New York: J Wiley & Sons, 1998. (Undergraduate Library, Aux. Coll., E181 H35 1998).

History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865; Preceded by a Review of the Military Services of Negroes in Ancient and Modern Times. (Founders Library, Ref. E540 N3 W7 1969a).

Knoblock, Glenn A. Strong and Brave Fellows: New Hampshire’s Black Soldiers and Sailors of the American Revolution. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Company Publishers, 2003 (Founders, Ref E269 N3 K57 2003).

Lanning, Michael Lee. The African American Soldier: From Crispus Attucks to ColinPowell. New Jersey: Citadel Press, 1999. (Moorland-S, Gen. Coll. M355 L283 1997).

MacGregor, Morris J and Bernard C. Nalty. Blacks in the United States Armed Forces: Basic Documents. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 1997. (Founders Library, E185.63 B55 V. 1-4, V7, 11).

McKissack, Patricia and Frederick McKissack. Days of Jubilee: The End of Slavery in theUnited States. New York: Scholastic Press, 2003. (Moorland-S, Gen. Coll. M973.3 M2173 2003).

McPherson, James M. The Negro’s Civil War: How American Negroes Felt and Acted During the War for the Union. New York: Ballantine Books, 1991. (Founders Ref. E540 N3 M25 1991).

Miller, Edward A. Black Civil War Soldiers of Illinois: The Story of the Twenty-Ninth U.S. Colored Infantry. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1998. (Undergraduate Aux. Coll. E492.94 29 th M55 1998).

Moore, Brenda L. To Serve My Country, To Serve My Race: The Story of the OnlyAfrican American WACS Stationed Overseas During World War II. New York: New York University Press, 1996. (Undergraduate Library, Aux. Coll. UB 418 A47 M66 1996).

Nalty, Bernard C. Strength For the Fight: A History of Black Americans in the Military. New York: Free Press, 1986. (Founders Library, Ref. UB 418 A47 N35 1986).

Reef, Catherine. African Americans in the Military. New York, N.Y.: Facts on File. 2004. (Founders Library U 52 R42 2004).

Schubert, Irene and Frank N. Schubert. On the Trail of the Buffalo Soldier II. New and Revised Biographies of African-Americans in the U. S. Army, 1866-1917. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press Inc., 2004. ( Founders Library, U52 O5 2004).

Smith, John David. Black Soldiers in Blue: African American Troops in the Civil War Era. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. (Founders Library, E 540 N3 B53 2002).

Southerland, Jonathan D. African Americans at War: An Encyclopedia. V.1-2. Denver, Colorado: ABC CLIO, 2004. (Founders Library, Ref. U 52 S88 2004).

Urwin, Gregory J.W. Black Flag Over Dixie: Racial Atrocities and Reprisals in the Civil War. 2004. (Founders Library, Ref. E540 N3 B595 2004).

Weir, William. Encyclopedia of African American History. New York, Prometheus Books, 2004. (Founders Ref. UB 418 A47 W5 2004).

Wilson, Keith P. Campfires of Freedom: The CampLife of Black Soldiers during the Civil War. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2002. (Founders Library, Ref E 540 N3 W72 2002.).


Armstrong, Bill. writer and director and Adrienne Armstrong, producer. BuffaloSoldiers. S.1. Bill Armstrong Productions, 1992. videorecording. (Media Center, UA31 9 th B9 1992 VHS).

The Different Drummer: Blacks in the Military. Chicago, Ill. Films Incorporated, c1983. videorecording. (Media Center, E185.63 .D568 1983 VHS  v.3).

Ferguson Jr., Andrew. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. American: The Video. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, c1991. videorecording. (Media Center, UG 626.2 D37 A3 1991 VHS).

Gottlieb, Sanford. Black Americans and the Military Huntsville, Texas: Educational Video Network, c1989. videorecording. (Media Center, D810 N4 B42 1989 VHS).

Martin, Scott and Wende Whitus. Held in Trust: The Story of Lieutenant Henry O. Flipper. El Paso: KCOS, Alexandria, PBS Video (distributor), 1996. ( Media Center, U53. F54 H4 1996 VHS 1996).


Following is a selected group of websites that cover the history of African American men and women and their military participation in the warfare of the United States.

African American Freedom Fighters: Soldiers for Liberty
An exhibit was the focus of this website in recognition of Black History Month in 1995.

African American Military History
Includes statistical sketches about the numbers of black soldiers involved in the defense of the nation.

African American Soldiers During the Civil War
Library of Congress website contains many photographs of the Civil War period. Photographs of soldiers, important documents, and letters from President Lincoln.

African Americans in Military History
Different categories listed pointing to books in the Air University library. Categories include “Buffalo Soldiers, Tuskegee Airman and Women.”

Black Women’s Military Contributions
Military service from the Revolutionary War to through Desert Storm is discussed.

A Chronology of African American Military Service
The chronology begins with World War 1 and concludes with World War 11. Part 3 also contains important dates, events, and a bibliography.

Military Participation by African Americans
Website lists military participation in actions from the Colonial Period to 1990 Kuwait.

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