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William Edward Burghardt DuBois, 1868 - 1963
Page Index:

Biographical Information

Selected Works
Selected Articles
Selected Books
Selected Media
HU ArchivesNet
Selected Websites


William Edward Burghardt DuBois, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts on February 23, 1868, was a young man when he lost his mother, Mary Silvina Burghardt, in 1884.  Even though his mother worked hard to support the two of them after Will’s father left the family, young Will was destitute after her death but  managed to continue on with his education. 

He lived with his aunt in Great Barrington and graduated from high school in Great Barrington in 1884. At the urging of his high school principal, Frank Hosmer, DuBois went on to Fisk University in 1885.  After graduation from Fisk in the Fall of 1888, he attended Harvard College

and then the University of Berlin for two years. DuBois graduated from Harvard University in 1895.  He was the first African American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard.

DuBois taught several languages at Wilberforce University from 1895-1897 and then taught economics and history at Atlanta University from 1897-1910.  While at Atlanta University, DuBois edited 14 publications, was the founder and editor of a magazine, and also the founder and editor of a newspaper.

DuBois, one of the co-founders of the NAACP and a member of its board of directors, was also the editor of the NAACP publication Crisis from 1910-1934.

W.E.B. Du Bois
National Park Service Photograph

Selected Quotes by  W.E.B. DuBois

"In my early youth a great bitterness

entered my life and kindled a great



"One thing alone I charge you.  As you

believe in life!  Always human beings will             

live and progress to greater, broader and

fuller life."


"Here we have brought...a gift of story and song--

soft, stirring melody in an ill-harmonized and

unmelodious land."


"Men must not only know, they must act."

        W.E.B. DuBois

DuBois had strong opinions about Booker T. Washington and Marcus Garvey and the course of their leadership especially in their methods for uplifting the race.  He felt that the Washington connection with the Woodrow Wilson administration unfairly opposed the NAACP and the Niagara Movement.  When Washington died in 1915, despite the controversy with Washington, DuBois wrote an editorial in the Crisis that called Washington:

            "the greatest Negro leader since Frederick Douglass and the most

             distinguished man, white or black who has come out of the South

             since the Civil War...On the other hand, in stern justice, we must

             lay on the soul of this man, a heavy responsibility for the

            consummation of Negro disfranchisement, the decline of the Negro

            college and the firmer establishment of color caste in this land."

  Logan, Rayford W. and Michael R. Winston.

             Dictionary of American Negro Biography


This selective bibliography provides a listing of books, journal articles, essays, and speeches by or about DuBois, along with citations to his personal papers and writings.  The books selected are available in Founders Library or one of the branch libraries.  Other materials may be located online via links to websites devoted to DuBois.

Library locations and call numbers are included for books and sound recordings available at Howard.  The  selected resources include works by DuBois’ contemporaries as well as critiques or analyses by current scholars.

Biographical Information

Draper, James P. ed.  Black Literature Criticism:  Excerpts from Criticism of the Most Significant Works of Black Authors over the Past 200 Years.  v.2.  Detroit:  Gale Research Inc., 1992. 597-621. (Founders, Ref. PS 153 N5 B556 1992). 

Harris, Trudier and Thadious M. Davis.  Dictionary of Literary Biography. Afro-American Writers Before the Harlem Renaissance.   v.50.  92-105. (Founders, Ref PS21 D542).

Harris, Trudier. Ph.D.  Harlem Renaissance:   A Gale Critical Companion.  New York:  Thomson/Gale, 2003.  v.2. Detroit: Gale, 1986. 92-105; 259-321.  (Founders, Ref PS153 N5 H425 2003).

Smith, Valerie. ed.  African American Writers.  v.1,  2nd ed.  New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 2001.  167-182.  (Founders, Ref PS 153 N5 A344 2001). 

Selected Works By DuBois

"Strivings of the Negro People."  Atlantic Monthly 80 (1897) :  194-198.

The Suppression of the African-Slave-Trade to the United States of America, 1638-1870. v.1.  Harvard Historical Studies.  New York:  Longmans, Green, 1896. (Founders E441 D81 1898).


The Philadelphia Negro:  A Social Study.  Philadelphia:  University of Pennsylvania, 1899. (Founders; Divinity F158.9 N3 D8 1967).


The Souls of Black Folk:  Essays and Sketches.  Chicago:  McClurg, 1903. (Founders; UGL E185.5 D81 1982).


The Negro.  New York:  Holt, 1915.  (Founders HT1581 D8).


Black Folk, Then and Now:  An Essay in the History and Sociology of the Negro Race.  New York:  H. Holt and Company, 1939.  (Founders HT1581D75 1975; Founders Pollock HT1581 D75 1939).


The Gift of Black Folk:  The Negroes in the Making of America.  Boston:  Stratford, 1942. (Founders; Divinity E185 D83 1971).


Africa:  Its Place in Modern History.  Girard, Kansas:  Haldeman-Julius, 1930.


Black Reconstruction:  An Essay Toward A History of the Part Which Black Folk

Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America, 1860-1880.  New York:

Harcourt, Brace, 1935.  (UGL Core Coll. E668 D83).


Dusk of Dawn:  An Essay Toward an Autobiography of a Race Concept.  New York:

Harcourt, Brace 1940. (Founders E185.97 D73 1968;Divinity, Jackson Coll. E187.97 D73 1940).


Color and Democracy:  Colonies and Peace.  New York:  Harcourt, Brace and company, 1945.  (Founders D816 D8 1975; Pollock D18 D8 1945).).


The World and Africa:  An Inquiry into the Part Which Africa Has Played in World History.  New York:  International Publishers, 1965.  (Founders DT21 D8 1965; Divinity Afro-Am Coll. DT21 D8 1965).


Atlanta University Publications.  New York:  Octagon Books, 1968-1969. v. 1-2. (Divinity Afro-Am Coll.).


The Autobiography of W.E.B. DuBois:  A Soliloquy on Viewing My Life From the Last Decade of Its First Century.  Apetheker, Herbert.  ed.  New York:  International Publishers, 1968. (UGL E185.97 D73 A3).


An ABC of Color:  Selections Chosen By the Author From Over a Half Century of His Writings. New York:  International, 1969.  (Founders E185.5 D78).


The Quest of the Silver Fleece.  New York:  Arno Press, 1969.  (Founders PS 307 U147 Q4 1969B).


W.E.B. DuBois Speaks:  Speeches and Addresses.  Philip S. Foner, ed.  New York: Pathinder, 1970. 


W.E.B. DuBois:  The Crisis Writings.  Daniel Walden, ed.  Greenwich, Conn.:  Fawcet, 1972.


The Ordeal of Mansart.  Millwood, N.Y.:  Kraus-Thomson Organization, LTD., 1976.  (Founders 3507 U147 O7 1976).


Mansart Builds a School.  Millwood, N.Y.:  Kraus-Thompson Organization, 1976. (Founders PS3507 U147 M3 1976).


Worlds of Color.  New York:  Mainstream Publishers, 1976.  (Founders PS3507 U147 W6 1976 UGL, Dewey Core Coll. 41D101).


An ABC of Color:  Selections Chosen by the Author From Over a Half Century of His Writings. New York, International Publishers, 1983.  (Founders E185.5 D78 1983).


Against Racism:  Unpublished Essays, Papers, Addresses, 1887-1961.  Amherst:  U of Massachusetts Press, 1985.  (Founders UGL Aux. Coll. E 185.97 D73 A25 1985).

Selected Articles About DuBois

Broderick, Francis L. Broderick.  "The Academic Training of W. E. B. DuBois."  Journal of Negro Education.  27 (1958): 10-16.

Brodwin, Stanley.  "The Veil Transcended:  Form and Meaning in W. E. B DuBois' "The Souls of Black Folk."  Journal of Black Studies 2, no. 3 (1972):  303-321.

Burbridge, Lynn C.  "W. E. B. DuBois as Economist Analyst:  Reflections on the 100th Anniversary of the Philadelphia Negro."  Review of Black Political Economy 26 (1999):13-32.

"Clark Atlanta University Pays Tribute by Creating DuBois Institute."  Black Issues in Higher Education 18, no. 8. (2001):  15.

Gabbidon, Shaun L.  "An Early American Crime Pole by W. E. DuBois."  Western Journal of Black Studies  24, no. 3 (2000): 167.

Gibson, Lovie N.  "W. E. B. DuBois as a Propaganda Novelist."  Negro American Literature Forum 10, no. 3  (1976): 75-77, 79-83.

Gordon-Yarbrough, Jane.  "W. E. B. DuBois:  Biography of a Race, 1868-1919. "  Antioch Review 52, no 4 (1994) : 654-656.

Herring, Scott.  "DuBois and the Minstrels."   MELUS 22 no. 2 (1997): 1-16.

Higbee, Mark D.  "A Letter from W. E. B. Du Bois to his daughter Yolande, dated Moscow, December 19, 1958."  Journal of Negro History v 78 no 3 (1993): 188-195.

Johnson, Donald. "W.E.B. DuBois:  Thomas Jesse Jones and the Struggle for Social Education, 1900-1930."  Journal of Negro History 85, no. 3 (2000):  71.

Lee, Maurice. "DuBois the Novelist:  White Influence, Black Spirit, and the Quest of the Silver Fleece."  African American Review.  33, no. 3 (1999):  389-400.

Romero, Patricia W.  "W.E. B. DuBois, Pan-Africanists, and Africa 1963-1973.  Journal of Black Studies  6, no. 4 (1976): 321-336.

Wesley, Charles H.  "W. E. B. DuBois:  The Historian."  Journal of Negro History 50, no. 3 (1965): 147-162.

DuBois, W.E.B. W.E.B. Du Bois: A Recorded Interview. (Sound Recording). Chicago, Illinois:  J. Fred MacDonald, 1987.  (Media Center PN1991.8 A34 A34 1987, No.183).

__________. W.E.B. DuBois: A Biography in Four Voices. (Video Recording).  (San Francisco, CA.:  California Newsreel, 1995.  (Media Center, E185.97 D73 W2 1995 VHS).

Reed Jr., Adolph. Pan-Africanism as Black Liberalism:  DuBois and Garvey.  ( UGL Art# 3279 Morris)

__________.  W. E. B. DuBois.  (Sound Recording).  (Los Angeles, CA:  Pacifica Tape Library, 1983).  (Media Center E185.97 D73 A67 1983).

Selected Books About DuBois

Aptheker, Herbert.  Annotated Bibliography of the Published Writings of W. E. B. DuBois.  Millwood, N.Y.: Kraus-Thomson Organization Limited, 1973.  (Founders Ref.Z8244.9 A65).

__________. The Correspondence of W. E. B. DuBois.  Herbert Aptheker ed.  v. 1-3.  Amherst:  University of Massachusetts Press, 1973-1978.

__________.  The Literary Legacy of W. E. B DuBois.  White Plains, N. Y.:  Kraus International Publications, 1989.  (Founders E185.97 D73 A85 1989).

Broderick, Francis L. W.E.B. DuBois:  Negro Leader in a Time of Crisis.  Stanford, CA.: Stanford University Press, 1959. (Divinity E185.97.D73B7).

Byerman, Keith Eldon. Seizing the Word:  History, Art, and Self in the Work of W.E.B. DuBois. Athens, GA:  University of Georgia Press, 1994. (Founders E185.97.D73 B94 1994).

Demarco, Jospeh P. The Social Thought of W.E.B. DuBois.  Lanham, MD.: University Press of America, 1983.  (Founders  HM22.U6 D684 1983).

Dennis, Rutledge. The Sociology of W.E.B. DuBois. 1975. Thesis (Ph.D.), Washington State University, 1975.(Founders HT1521 D44 1975A).

DuBois, Shirley Graham. His Day is Marching On:  A Memoir of W.E.B. DuBois. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1971.  (Founders E185.97.D73 G7).

Durham, Richard. Search for History: The Story of W.E.B. DuBois, 1949. (Radio Script).  (Founders PN1991.77 S43 1949a).

Fontenot Jr., Chester J., Mary Alice Morgan, with Sarah Gardener. eds.  W.E.B. DuBois and Race: Essays Celebrating the Centennial Publication of the Souls of Black Folk. Macon, GA.:  Mercer University Press, 2001. (Founders E185.97.D73 W1645 2001).

Franklin, Robert Michael.  Liberating Visions: Human Fulfillment and Social Justice in African American Thought. Minneapolis, MN.:  Fortress Press, 1990. (Founders E185 F8265 1990).

Guterl, Matthew Pratt. The Color of Race in America: 1900-1940. Cambridge, Mass.:  Harvard University Press, 2001. (UGL Aux.Coll.  E184.A1 G96 2001).

Hawkins, Hugh. ed.  Booker T. Washington and His Critics:  Black Leadership in Crisis. Lexington, Mass.:  Heath, 1974.  (Founders E185.97 W4 H38 1974).

Horne, Gerald. Black and Red: W.E.B. DuBois and the Afro-American Response to the Cold War, 1944-1963. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1986.  (Founders E185.97 D73 H67).

__________. Race Woman: The Lives of Shirley Graham DuBois. New York, N.Y.: New York University Press, 2000. (UGL Aux.Coll. E185.97.D69 H67 2000).

__________. Mary Young. eds.  W.E.B. DuBois: An Encyclopedia. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2001. (Founders Ref. E185.97.D73 W164 2001).

Juguo, Zhang.  W.E.B. DuBois: The Quest for the Abolition of the Color Line.  New York: Routledge, 2001. (Founders Ref. E185.97.D73 J84 2001).

Katz, Michael B.,and Thomas J. Sugrue. W.E.B. DuBois, Race and the City: the Philadelphia Negro and its Legacy. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. (Founders; UGL Aux. Coll. F158.9.N4 W16  1998).

Kostelanetz, Richard. Politics in the African-American Novel: James Weldon Johnson, W.E.B. Du Bois, and Ralph Ellison. New York: Greenwood Press, 1991.  (Social Work PS374.P6 K67 1991).

Lewis, David L. W.E.B. DuBois:  Biography of A Race, 1868-1919.  New York: H. Holt, 1993.  (Founders; UGL Aux Coll. E185.97.D73 L48 1994).

__________.  W.E.B. DuBois:  The Fight for Equality and the American Century, 1919-1963. New York:  H.Holt, 2000. (Founders E185.97 D73 L485 2000; Moorland MB9 D85L 2000).

Logan, Rayford Whittingham. Two Bronze Titans: Frederick Douglass and William Edward Burghardt DuBois.  Washington, Dept. of History,  Howard University:  1972.  (Founders E185.97 D73 L58 1972).

__________. ed. W.E.B. DuBois:  A Profile. New York: Hill and Wang, 1971.  ( Founders E185.97.D73 L6).

__________. and Michael R. Winston.  "Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt (1863-1963)."  Dictionary   of American Negro Biography. W.W. Norton & Co. Inc., New York, 1982. 193-199. (Founders Ref. E185.96 D53 1982).

McDonnell, Robert W. The Papers of W.E.B. DuBois, 1903-1979:  A Guide.  Sanford, N.C.:  Microfilming Corp. of America, 1981. (Ref. E185.97.D73 M3).

Pilgrim, David. ed.  On Being Black:  An In-Group Analysis: Being Essays in Honor of W. E. B. DuBois.  Bristol, Ind.: Wyndham Hall Press, 1986.  (Founders E185 P48 1986).

Reed, Adolpho. W.E.B. DuBois and American Political Thought: Fabianism and the Color Line. New York:  Oxford University Press, 1997.  ( Founders, UGL Aux Coll. E185.97 D73 R44 1997).

Selected Media   

DuBois, W.E.B. W.E.B. Du Bois: A Recorded Interview. (Sound Recording). Chicago, Illinois:  J. Fred MacDonald, 1987.  (Media Center PN1991.8 A34 A34 1987, No.183).

__________. W.E.B. DuBois: A Biography in Four Voices. (Video Recording).  (San Francisco, CA.:  California Newsreel, 1995.  (Media Center, E185.97 D73 W2 1995 VHS).

Reed Jr., Adolph. Pan-Africanism as Black Liberalism:  DuBois and Garvey.  ( UGL Art# 3279 Morris)

__________.  W. E. B. DuBois (Sound Recording).  (Los Angeles, CA:  Pacifica Tape Library, 1983).  (Media Center E185.97 D73 A67 1983).

HU ArchivesNet Online

Moorland-Spingarn Research Center

Adams, Russell L.  Douglass, Washington, and DuBois:  An Essay on Similarities and Differences Among  Them.  August 1999. 

Battle, Thomas C.  Reflections on Douglass, Washington, and DuBois.  August 1999.

Miller, E. Ethelbert.  W.E.B. DuBois.  August 1999. 

Randall, Dudley.  Booker T and W.E.B.  August 1999.

Selected Websites

A Biographical Sketch of W.E.B. DuBois

DuBois, W (illiam) E (dward) B (urghardt)

How Should They Be Remembered?  Washington and DuBois

PAL:  Perspectives in American Literature - A Research and Reference Guide

Souls of Black Folk

Strivings of the Negro People

W.E.B. DuBois 1868-1963

W.E.B. DuBois Institute for African and African American Research

W. E. B. DuBois Sociologist, Author & Civil Rights Leader

W. E. B. DuBois Virtual University

William Edward Burghardt DuBois (1868-1963) writer, historian, and teacher

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