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Slave Narratives
 
Page Index:

Introduction

Encyclopedias, Indexes, Directories
Books - Slave Narratives
Books - Black Genealogy
Journal Articles
Media
Slave Narratives - Online
Slave Narratives - Websites
African-American Genealogy
Websites

 

"The Peculiar Institution"
Courtesy: New York Historical Society. Photo by Henry P. Moore 1862. [DigitalID, nhnycw/aa aa02037].
http://memory. loc.gov/ammem/ndlpcoop/nhihtml/cwnyhshome.html

 

Introduction    

"What does it mean to be another man's property?"  How does it feel to work without wages. How does it feel to be physically brutalized and live on starvation diets.  How does it feel to be forced into the role of less than human, inferior in all aspects of society?  How does the victim voice his story to the society at large but through the slave narrative?

The slave narrative genre began to appear in the eighteenth century with the publication of "John Saffin's Adam Negro's Tryall written in 1703 in answer to Samuel Sewall's well known antislavery tract, The Selling of Joseph." By 1831, the antislavery crusade had entered its major phase when thousands of biographies and autobiographies appeared in published form.  Some appeared in abolition periodicals, separate printings, and some were questioned because they had been dictated by the ex-slave fearing the narrative had been tampered with by the ghost writer. Some narratives were questioned because the writer changed the names to protect against recapture.

Source:   Nicols, Charles H.  Many Thousands Gone:  The Ex-Slaves Account of Their Bondage and Freedom.

Slave Narratives written before 1900 were generally written or dictated by former slaves who either escaped to freedom or were able to otherwise purchase their freedom from their owners.  Some of the authors of these narratives were fugitive slaves on the run. 

"Only about 100 slave narratives were published by ex-slaves in book form before 1865 and another fifty were published between 1865 and 1930."

In 1929, Charles S. Blockson of Fisk University and John B. Cade of Southern University began interviewing ex-slaves.  Lawrence D. Reddick of Kentucky State College in 1934-1935, produced 250 interviews, but his program soon ended "because of organizational and funding problems." 

During the Great Depression, a project was undertaken by the federal government called the "Slave Narrative Collection of the Federal Writers Project."  The project produced a collection of forty-one volumes containing 2,300 interviews of ex-slaves from seventeen states and was conducted between 1936 to 1938.

Photographers sometimes accompanied the writers and photographed the ex-slaves as they were interviewed.  All together the photographers contributed about 500 photographs to the photograph collection which is housed in the Library of Congress.

John A. Lomax, collector of American folklore and Sterling A. Brown, a Howard University English Professor, were instrumental in gathering the oral narratives as Brown actively sought black writers for employment in the project.  Included among the writers for the Florida Writers Project was writer and folklorist Zora Neale Hurston.

By April 1937, all the interviewers were white leading to speculation that the interviewees (ex-slaves) may not be as candid with these interviewers as they had been in their recollections up to this point and by early 1939, the project was ended.

The first book to be published by the Federal Works Project was edited by Benjamin A. Botkin who published Lay My Burden Down in 1945.  Twenty-two additional volumes, which previously had not been properly deposited with the Slave Narrative Collection, were collected from around the states and deposited in the Library of Congress in 1941 for a total of 41 volumes in the collection.

Source:  Gates, Henry Louis. ed.  Unchained Memories:  Readings from Slave Narratives.

Following are the names of some of the slaves who either wrote their own biographies or dictated their life stories to others and were published through the years up to the Slave Narrative Collection of the Federal Works Project. Several modern autobiographical narratives are also listed.

Eighteenth Century  Publications

Annamaboe , The Royal African (1720)*
Bluett, Thomas (1734)*
Briton Hammon (1760).
James Albert Ukawsaw Gronniosaw, an African Prince (1770).
John Marrant (1785).
Ottobah Cugoano
Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, The African(1791).

Publications after the African Slave Trade Act of 1808.

Boyrereau Brincho (1810).
George White (1810).
John Tea, the African Preacher (1815).
The Negro Servant (1815).
Soloman Bayley (1820;1825).
William Grimes (1824).
Robert Voorhis (1829).

About 70 narratives were published from about 1760 to 1865.  Some were little broadsides,
others were multivolume sets.

Mary Prince (1831).
Nat Turner (1831)
James Williams (1838).
Moses Roper (1838).
Lunsford Lane (1842).
Frederick Douglas (1845).
Lewis Clarke and Milton Clarke (1846).
William Hayden (1846).
William Wells Brown (1847).
Henry Walton Bibb (1849).
Thomas H. Jones (1849)
Henry "Box" Brown (1849).
Josiah Henson (1849).
James W. C. Pennington (1849).
William Green (1853).
Peter Randolph (1855)
John Thompson (1856).
Austin Steward (1857).
Reverend Noah Davis (1859).
William and Ellen Craft (1860).
Harriet Jacobs (1861).
James Mars (1864).

Publications After the Civil War (1865) to the WPA Writers Project (1936)

Elizabeth Keckley (1868)
Booker T. Washington (1901)

Source:  Bland Jr., Sterling Lecater.  African American Slave Narratives:  An Anthology.  v.1.

Narratives Collected During the WPA  Project 1936-1938

Many of the slave narratives that were collected during the WPA Project during 1936-1938 are part of the Library of Congress' Slave Narrative Website section at the end of this webliography.  Many other narratives from the collection  are found in some of the books that are listed in this webliography. Many of the ex-slaves were just children at the end of the Civil War.  Their memories were criticized because they were so young but they nevertheless were "the last living generation of ex-slaves" in America.

Moorland-Spingarn Research Center 
Jesse E. Moorland Catalog of Negro Life and History

Approximately 29 narratives are listed in the Moorland Catalog using the keywords "slave narratives."  Request the item you require and give the librarian the call number.  The item will be retrieved for your use in the Reading Room.

Modern Autobiographical Narratives

Richard Wright's Black Boy (1945)
Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man (1952)
Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965)
Margaret Walker's Jubilee (1965)
Alex Haley's Roots (1976)
Ismael Reed's Flight to Canada 1976
Sherley Anne Williams' Dessa Rose (1986)
Toni Morrison's Beloved (1987)
Charles Johnson's Oxherding Tale
Charles Johnson's Middle Passage (1990)

Source:  Andrews, William L. and Henry Louis Gates Jr.
            The Civitas Anthology of African American Slave Narratives.

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Scope     

This selective webliography provides a listing of books, journal articles, essays, media and online sources about the slave narratives and the important role they played to inform the public about what slavery was and how it affected the lives of millions of slaves. 

Library locations and call numbers are included for books and sound recordings available at Howard. The books selected are available in Founders Library or one of the Branch Libraries.  Other materials may be located online via links to websites.   The selected resources include works by contemporaries as well as critiques or analyses by current scholars.

Books about African-American genealogy are included which cover methods used to trace the family tree not only in the southern United States, but also in  New York and some of the New England states.

Encyclopedias, Indexes, Directories

Abajian, James.  Blacks in Selected Newspapers, Censuses and Other Sources:  An Index to Names and Subjects. Boston:  G. K. Hall, 1977.   (Founders Ref. Oversize Z1361 N39 A280 v. 1-3; Divinity Afro-Am. Ref Oversize Z1361).

The Black Loyalist Directory:  African Americans in Exile After the American Revolution.   New York:  Garland Pub. in Association with the New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1996.  (Founders Reference E277 .B57 1996).

Salzman, Jack, David Lionel Smith, and Cornel West eds.  "Slave Narratives" in Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. v.5 New York:  MacMillan Library Reference USA, 1996.  2450-2452.

Finkelman, Paul, and Joseph C. Miller.  MacMillan Encyclopedia of World Slavery.  New York: 
MacMillian Reference USA, 1998.  (Moorland-Spingarn Gen Coll.  HT861 M24 1998).

Lawson, Jacqueline A.   An Index of African Americans Identified in Selected Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands.  Bowie, Md.:  Heritage Books, 1995. (Founders Ref. E185.2 L35 1995).

Rodriguez, Junius P. ed.  Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery. 2 vols.  Santa Barbara, Calif:  ABC-CLIO, 1997.  (Founders Ref.  HT861 H57 1997).       

Books - Slave Narratives

Andrews, William L. and Gates Jr., Henry Louis. eds.  The Civitas Anthology of African American Slave Narratives.  Washington, D. C.:  Civitas/Counterpoint, 1999.  (Founders Ref.  E444 C44 1999;  Moorland-Spingarn Gen. Coll.  M326.99B An26 1999).

Andrews, William L.  Classic African American Women's Narratives.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2003.  (Founders PS647 A35 C56 2003).

Andrews, William L. and Davis A Davis, eds.  North Carolina Slave Narratives:  The Lives of Moses Roper, Lunsford Lane, Moses Grandy, and Thomas H. Jones.  Chapel Hill, N.C.:  U of N.C., 2003.  (Founders Ready Ref. PS366 A35 A37 1993).

Andrews, William L., introduction.  Six Women's Slave Narratives.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1988.  (Founders E444 S59 1988).

Andrews, William L.  To Tell a Free Story:  The First Century of Afro-American autobiography, 1760-1865.  Urbana:  University of Illinois Press, 1986.  (Founders E185.96 A57 1986;  UGL Reserves E185.96 A57 1986).

Baker, T. Lindsay and Julie P. Baker eds.  The WPA Oklahoma Slave Narratives.  Norman:  University of Oklahoma Press, 1996. (UGL Auxiliary Coll.  E44 W82 1996; Moorland-Spingarn Gen. Coll M326.99B W912 1996).

Barnet, Miguel. ed.  Biography of a Runaway Slave.  Willimantic, CT:  Curbstone Press;  East Haven, CT:  Distributed by Inbook, 1994. (Moorland-Spingarn MB9 M74a3 1994).

Bland Jr., Sterling Lecater.  African American Slave Narratives:  An Anthology.  Westport, Conn.  Greenwood Press, 2001.  (Founders Ref. E444 A23 2001 3 vols.).

Bland, Sterling Lecater.  Voices of the Fugitives:  Runaway Slave Stories and Their Fictions of Self-Creation.  Westport, Conn.:  Greenwood Press, 2000.  (Moorland-Spingarn Gen. Coll. M810.9 B61 2000).

Bontemps, Arna Wendell.  Great Slave Narratives: Selected and Introduced by Arna Wendell Bontemps.   Boston:  Beacon Press, 1969.  (Founders E444  B67).

Brown, Alan. ed.  Gabr'l Blow Sof':  Sumpter County, Alabama Slave Narratives.  Livingston, AL:  Livington Press, The University of West Alabama, 1997.  (UGL Auxiliary Coll. E445 A3 G34 1997).

Clark-Lewis, Elizabeth.  First Freed:  Washington D.C. in the Emancipation Era.  Washington, D.C.  Howard-University Press.  (Founders E445 D6 F57 2002;Moorland-Spingarn M975.3 F519 2002).

Clayton, Ronnie W.  Mother Wit:  The Ex-Slave Narratives of the Louisiana Writers' Project.  New York:  P. Lang, 1990.  (Founders E445 L8 C57 1990).

Coleman, Dierdre. ed. Maiden Voyages and Infant Colonies:  Two Women's Travel Narratives of the 1790's.  New York:  Leicester University Press, 1999.  (UGL Auxiliary Coll. G440 F22 M35 1999).

Craft, William.  Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom:  The Escape of William and Ellen Craft from Slavery  by William Craft and Ellen Craft.  Introduction by Barbara McCaskill.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1999.    (Founders Library E450 .C8 1999b).

Curtin, Philip D. ed.   Africa Remembered:  Narratives by West Africans From the Era of the Slave Trade.  Madison:  University of Wisconsin Press, 1967.  (Founders DT471 C8 1968).

Davis, Charles T. and Henry Louis Gates, Jr. eds.  The Slave's Narrative.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1985.  (UGL Reserves E444 S575 1985).

Escott, Paul D.  Slavery Remembered:  A Record of Twentieth-Century Slave Narratives.  Chapel Hill:  University of North Carolina, 1979.  (Founders E443 E82).

Federal Writers' Project.  Botkin, Benjamin Albert. ed.  Lay My Burden Down:  A Folk History of Slavery.  Chicago, Ill.:  University of Chicago Press, 1973, 1945.  (Founders E444 L38 1973; Divinity E444 F26 1945 ).

Federal Writer's  Project.  Slave Narratives:  A Folk History of Slavery in the United States, From Interviews with Former Slaves:  Florida Narratives. (Founders E444 F27 1976).

Fleischner, Jennifer.  Mastering Slavery:  Memory, Family, and Identity in Women's Slave Narratives.  (Divinity Reserves #450-13).

Fleischner, Jennifer.  Mrs. Lincoln and Mrs. Keckley:  The Remarkable Story of the Friendship Between A First Lady and a Former Slave.  New York:  Broadway Books, 2003.  (Founders E457.25 L55 F58 2003).

Foster, Frances Smith.  Witnessing Slavery:  The Development of Ante-Bellum Slave Narratives.  Westport, Conn.:  Greenwood Press, 1979.  (Founders PS366 A35 F6).

Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth.  Unspeakable Things Unspoken:  Ghosts and Memories in the Narratives of African-American Women.  Mona, Jamaica:  Dept. of History, University of the West Indies, 1993. 

Garfield, Deborah M. and Rafia Zafar eds.  Harriet Jacobs and Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl:  New Critical Essays.  New York:  Cambridge University Press, 1996.  (UGL Auxiliary Coll. E444 J17 H37 1996; Moorland-Spingarn Gen Coll. M813.52 H2351 1996).

Gates Jr., Henry Louis ed.  Classic Slave Narratives.  New York:  New American Library, 1987.  (UGL Auxiliary Coll. E444 C63 1987; Pollock Coll. E444 C63 1987). 

Gates Jr., Henry Louis, forward.  Unchained Memories:  Readings From the Slave Narratives.  Boston:  Bulfinch Press, 2002.  (UGL Auxiliary Coll.  E444 U53 2002).

Govenar, Alan B.  African American Frontiers:  Slave Narratives and Oral Histories.  Santa Barbara, Calif.:  ABC-CLIO, 2000).  (Founders Ref. E444 G68 2000;  Moorland-Spingarn Gen. Coll. M973.049 G7461 2000).

Hall, James C. ed.  Approaches to Teaching Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass.  New York:  Modern Language Association of America, 1999.  (UGL Auxiliary Coll.  E449 D75 A66 1999).

Heglar, Charles J.  Rethinking the Slave Narrative:  Slave Marriage and the Narratives of Henry Bibb and William and Ellen Craft.  (Founders Library E444 B58 H44 20010).   

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Hopkins, Dwight N. and George C. L. Cummings.  Cut Loose Your Stammering Tongue:  Black Theology in the Slave Narratives.  Maryknoll, N.Y.:  Orbis Books, 1991.  (Divinity Library BT82.7 C87 1991).

Hughes, Louis.  Thirty Years a Slave:  From Bondage to Freedom:  Autobiography.  New York:  Negro Universities Press, 1969.  (Divinity Afro-Am Coll.  E444 H89 1969).

Jacobs, Harriet.  Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl.  L. Maria Childs ed.  New York:  Washington Square Pr. Simon & Schuster, 1988. (UGL Reserve Desk  E444 J17 A3 1988;  UGL Microfiche Cards 1-3).

Judy, Ronald A. T.  (Dis)forming the American Canon:  African-Arabic Slave Narratives and the Vernacular.  (Founders PS366 A35 J83 1993).

Katz, William Loren, compiler. Flight From the Devil:  Six Slave Narratives.  Trenton, N.J.:  Africa World Press, 1996.  (Founders E444 F58 1996; UGL Auxiliary Coll. E444 F58 1966).

Keckley, Elizabeth.  Behind the Sciences, or Thirty Years a Slave and Four Years in the White House.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.  (Founders E457.15 K26 1988;  UGL Auxiliary Coll.  E457.15 K26 1988).

McBride, Dwight A.  Impossible Witness:  Truth, Abolitionism, and Slave Testimony.    New York:  New York University Press, 2001.  (Founders PS366 A35 M38  2001;  Moorland-S, Gen. Coll.  M306 M122 2001).

Nichols, Charles H.  Many Thousand Gone:  The Ex-Slave's Account of Their Bondage and Freedom. Leiden:  E.J.Brill, 1963.  (Founders E444 N5).

Osofsky, Gilbert.  Puttin' on Ole Massa:  The Slave Narratives of Henry Bibb, William Wells Brown, and Solomon Northup.  New York:  Harper & Row, 1969).  (Founders E444 O8; UGL LC Core Coll. E444 O8).

Rawick, George P.  The American Slave:  A Composite Autobiography.  Westport, Conn.  Greenwood Pub. Co.  (Founders E4441 A58; Social Work E441 A58).

Ripley, C. Peter  ed. Witness for Freedom:  African American Voices on Race, Slavery, and Emancipation. Chapel Hill:  University of North Carolina Press, 1993.  (Founders E449 W84 1993;UGL Auxiliary Coll. E449 W84 1993).

Rice, Alan J.  Radical Narratives of the Black Atlantic.  New York:  Continuum, 2003 (Moorland-Spingarn Gen Coll.  M973 04 R36 2003).

Rushdy, Ashraf H. A.  Neo-Slave Narratives:  Studies in the Social Logic of a Literary Form.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1999.  (Founders PS374 S58 R87 1999).

Sekora, John and Darwin T. Turner eds.  The Art of Slave Narrative:  Essays in Criticism and Theory. Macomb, Ill.:  Western Illinois University, 1982.  (Founders PS366 A35 A78 1982).

Slave Narratives.  New York:  Library of America, 2000.  (Founders E444 S56 2000; UGL Auxiliary Coll. E444S56 2000).

Starling, Marion Wilson.  The Slave Narrative:  Its Place in American History.  Boston:  G. K. Hall, 1981.  (Social Work E444 S8 1981).

Taylor, Yuval,  ed.  I Was Born a Slave:  An Anthology of Classic Slave Narratives. Chicago:  Lawrence Hill Books, 1999.  (Founders, Ref.  E444 I18 1999 2 vols.; Moorland-Spingarn Gen Coll. M326.99B T22194 1999 v. 1).

Thomas, Helen.  Romanticism and Slave Narratives:  Transatlantic Testimonies.  New York:  Cambridge University Press, 2000.  (Founders PR448 S55 T48 2000).

Washington, Booker T.  Up From Slavery  by Booker T. Washington & Other Early Black Narratives.  New York : Doubleday, 1998. (UGL Auxiliary Coll. E185.97 W4 A3 1998).

Waters, Andrew.  I Was Born in Slavery:  Personal Accounts of Slavery in Texas.  Winston-Salem, N.C.:  John F. Blair, 2003.  (Moorland-Spingarn Gen. Coll. M326.99B 11, 2003).

Waters, Carver Wendell.  Voice in the Slave Narratives of Olaudah Equiano, Frederick Douglass, and Solomon Northrup.  Lewiston, Edwin Mellen Press, 2002.  (UGL Auxiliary Coll. PS366 A35 W38 2002;Moorland-Spingarn Gen. Coll. M818.3 W3157 2002).

Williams, Isaac D.  Sunshine and Shadow of Slave Life:  Reminiscences.  New York:  AMS Press, 1975.  (Founders E444 W57 1975).

Williams, Marcia.  Soul Survivors:  The Definitive Anthology of Female Slave Narratives.  London:  X Press, 1999.  (UGL Auxiliary E185 S68 1999).

Yetman, Norman R.  Life Under the "Peculiar Institution:"  Selections From the Slave Narrative Collection.  Huntington, N.Y.:  R. E. Krieger Pub. Co., 1974.  (Founders E444 Y4 1976).

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Books - Black Genealogy

Beasley, Donna and forward by William Haley.  Family Pride: The  Complete Guide to Tracing African-American Genealogy.  New York, NY:  Macmillan USA, 1997. (Founders Library Ready Ref. Desk  E185.96 B36 1997).

Blockson, Charles L. and Ron Fry.   Black Genealogy.  Baltimore, MD:  Black Classic Press, 1991.  (UGL Auxiliary Coll.  E185.96 B57 1991).

Brown, Barbara W. and James M. Rose.  Black Roots in Southeastern Connecticut, 1650-1900.  Detroit, Mich.:  Gale Research Co., 1980.  (Founders Library E185.93 C7 B76).

Burroughs, Tony.  Black Roots:  A Beginner's Guide to Tracing the African-American Family Tree.  New York:  Simmon & Schuster, 2001.  (Founders Reference E.185.96 B94 2001 on order).

Paula K. Byers ed.   African-American Genealogical Sourcebook.   New York:  Gale Research, 1995. (Founders Ready Ref Desk  E185.96 A444 1995;  E185.96 A444 1995; Moorland-Spingarn Gen. Coll. M929.1 831995).

Day, Aaron L.  Locating Free African-American Ancestors:  A Beginners Guide.   Anaheim, CA: Carlberg Press, 2003.  (Moorland-Spingarn Gen. Coll.  M929.1 D33 2003).

Eichholz, Alice and James M Rose.  Free Black Heads of Household in the New York State Federal Census, 1790-1830.  Detroit, Mich.:  Gale Research Co., 1981.  (Founders Library E185.93 N56 E37)

Heinegg, Paul.  Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia:  Including the Family Histories of More than 80% of Those Counted as "all other free persons" in the 1790 and 1800 Census.  Baltimore, Md.:   Published for Clearfield Co., Inc. by Genealogical Pub. Co., Inc., 1994.  (Founders Library E185.96 H48 1995).

Johnson, Anne E. and Adam Merton Cooper.   A Student's Guide to African American Genealogy. Phoenix,  Ariz.:   Oryx Press, 1996.  (UGL Auxiliary Coll. E185.96 J57 1996; Moorland-Spingarn Gen. Coll.  M929.1 J63 1996.).

Knoblock, Glenn A.  Strong and Brave Fellows:  New Hampshire's Black Soldiers and Sailors of the American Revolution, 1775-1784. Jefferson, N.C.:  McFarland & Co., Publishers, 2003.  (Founders Ref. E269 N3 K57 2003).

Lanier, Shannon  and Jane Feldman, compiled by.   Jefferson's Children:  The Story of One American Family.   New York: Random House, 2000.  (UGL Auxiliary Coll.  E332.2  L35 2000).

Morton-Young, Tommie.  Afro-American Genealogy Sourcebook.  New York:  Garland Pub., 1987. (Founders Reference E 185.96 Y67 1987; Social Work E 185.96 Y67 1987).

Potts, Howard E.  A Comprehensive Name Index for the American Slave. Westport, CT.:  Greenwood Press, 1977.  (Ref E 444 A45 Suppl. 4.)

Redford, Dorothy Spruill and Michael D'Orso. introduction by Alex HaleySomerset Homecoming:  Recovering a Lost Heritage.   New York:  Doubleday, 1988. (Founders E185.96 R42 1988; Social Work E185.96 R42 1988).

Registers of Signatures of Depositors in the Augusta, Georgia, Branch of the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company.  compiled by Alice O. Walker.  Augusta, Ga. :  Augusta-Richmond County Public Library, 1998-  (Founders, Reference  F294 A9 W3 1998 v. 1).

Roux, Vincent M.  Louisiana's Households of Free People of Color Residing Outside of Orleans Parish and the City of New Orleans in 1810 & 1820.  compiled by Vincent M. Roux and Kenneth D. Roux.  San Francisco:  V. M. Roux, c1995.  (Founders Library E185.93 L6 R65 1995).

Smith, Franklin Carter and Emily Anne Croom.   A Genealogist's Guide to Discovering Your African-American Ancestors:  How to Find and Record Your Unique Heritage.  Cincinnati:  Betterway Books, 2003.  (Moorland-S, Gen. Coll. M929.1 Sm561 2003).

Smith, Jessie Carney ed. and forward by Alex Haley.   Ethnic Genealogy:  A Research Guide.  Westport, Conn.:  Greenwood Press, 1983. ( Founders Reference CS49 E83 1983; Social Work Library CS49 E83 1983; Social Work Reference CS49 E83 1983).

Streets, David H.  Slave Genealogy: A Research Guide With Case Studies.  Bowie, MD.:  Heritage Books, 1986.  (Founders  Ref. E185.96 .S817 1986).

Sutton, Karen E.  The Nickens Family:  How to Trace a Non-Slave African American Lineage From Virginia to Maryland and Back.  Baltimore, MD.:   K. E. Sutton, 1993. (Founders CS71 N655 1993).

Wheeler, B. F. (Benjamin Franklin).  The Varick Family.  Mobile, Ala.:  B.F. Wheeler, 1990.  (Divinity 8459.V37 W47 1990.  Divinity Afro-Am Coll. BX8459 V37 W47 1990).

Whitney, Harold Coleman.  The Ancestors and Descendants of Theodore Roosevelt Whitney:  Profile of an African-American Family.  Baltimore:  Gateway, 1993.  (Divinity, Afro-Am Coll. CS71 W62 1993).

Woodtor, Dee.  Finding a Place Called Home:   A Guide to African-American Genealogy and Historical
Identity.
   New York:  Random House, 1999.  (Moorland-Spingarn Gen. Coll. M939.1 W861 1999).

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Journal Articles

Baker, Ronald L.  Homeless, Friendless, and Penniless:  The WPA Interviews with Former Slaves Living in Indiana.  Indiana Magazine of History 97, no. 4 (2001) : 315.               

Bland Jr. , Sterling Lecater.  Voices of the Fugitives:  Runaway Slave Stories and Their Fictions of Self-Creation.  Journal of Southern History  68, no. 2 (2002) :  449-450.                  

Doherty, Thomas.  Olaudah Equiano's Journeys:  The Geography of Slave Narrative.  Partisan Review 64,  no. 4 (1997) :  572-581.

Elrod, Eileen Razzi.  Moses and the Egyptian:  Religions Authority in Olaudah Equiano's Interesting Narrative.  African American Review  35, no. 3, (2001) :  409-425.                              

Emsley, Sarah.  Harriet Jacobs and the Language of Autobiography.  Canadian Review of American Studies (Canada) 28, no. 2, (1998) :  145-162.              

Flower of the Forest.   Black Genealogical Journal. Baltimore, Md.:  A.K. Callum, 1982.  (Founders Library E185.93 M2 F57 1982).

Garner, Lori Ann.  Representations of Speech in the WPA Slave Narratives of Florida and the Writings of Zora Neale Hurston.  Western Folklore 59, no. 3-4,  (2000) :  215-231.

Musher, Sharon Ann.  Contesting "The Way the Almighty Wants It":  Crafting Memories of Ex-Slaves in the Slave Narrative Collection.  American Quarterly 53, no. 1, (2001) : 1-31.                

Nall, Jasper Rastus.  Freeborn Slave:  Diary of a Black Man in the South.  Alabama Review 53, no. 2, (2000) :  140-141.

Pierce, Yolanda.  The Narrative of the Life of J. D. Green, a Runaway Slave: Some New Thoughts on an Old Form.  ANQ  14, no. 4, (Fall 2001) :  15-24.

Media

Ball, Charles Negro Slave.  Life of a Negro Slave.  microfiche.  (UGL Microfche Anti-Slavery Collection (1).

Bayley, Solomon.  A Narrative of Some Remarkable Incidents in the Life of Solomon Bayley : Formerly a Slave in the State of Delaware, North America: Written by Himself and Published For His Benefit:  To Which are Prefixed a Few Remarks by Robert Hurnard.   London: Harvey and Darton, 1825.  (UGL, Microfiche Anti-Slavery Collection(1). microfiche.

Brown, Henry Box.  Narrative of Henry Box Brown who Escaped From Slavery Enclosed in a Box Three Feet Long and Two Wide and Two and a Half High Written by A Statement of Facts Made by Himself:  With Remarks Upon the Remedy for the End of Slavery.  (UGL Microfiche Anti-Slavery Collection (1).  microfiche.

Brown, William Wells, 1815-1884.  Narrative of William W. Brown, a Fugitive Slave Written by Himself.  Boston : The Anti-Slavery Office, 1847.  (UGL Microfiche Anti-Slavery Collection(1) microfiche

Clarke, Lewis Garrard, 1812-1897. Narrative of the Sufferings of Lewis Clarke During a Captivity of More Than Twenty-Five Years, Among the Algerines of Kentucky, One of the So Called Christian States of North America. Dictated by Himself.  Boston:  D. H. Ela, 1845.  (UGL Microfiche Anti-Slavery Collection(1). microfiche.

Clarke, Lewis Garrard, 1812-1897. Narratives of the Sufferings of Lewis and Milton Clarke Sons of a Soldier of  the Revolution, During a Captivity of More Than Twenty Years Among the Slaveholders of Kentucky, One of the So Called Christian States of North America. Dictated by Themselves.  Boston: B. Marsh, 1846.  (UGL, Microfiche Anti-Slavery Collection(1). microfiche.

Fleischner, Jennifer. Mastgering Slavery:  Memor, Family, and Identity in Women's Slave Narratives. 
(Business DVD#450-13).

Hart, Tanya, Valerie Whitmore and Wally Ashby.  Dark Passages.   Broadcast Video Productions, Inc.:  PBS Video, 1997.  (Media Center, Video Tape  HT871 D28 1995 VHS).  videorecording.

Slave Narratives - Online

The Church in the Southern Black Community.   [e-Database:  UNC].  [Chapel Hill, N.C.]:  Academic Affairs Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1999- (Search Sterling:  Church in the Southern Black Community).

First-Person Narratives of the American South [e-Database:  UNC]. [Chapel Hill, N.C.]:  Academic Affairs Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel-Hill, 1998-  (Search Sterling:  First-Person Narratives of the American South).

North American Slave Narratives [e-Database: UNC].  {Chapel Hill, N.C.]:  Academic Affairs Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1998-  (Search Sterling:  North American Slave Narratives).

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Slave Narrative Websites

The African-American Experience in Ohio (1937-1938)

American Slave Narratives:  An Online Anthology

"Been Here So Long"  Selections From the American Slave Narratives

Born in Slavery:  Slave Narratives From the Federal Writers Project 1936-1938

Documenting the American South:  First-Person Narratives of the American South

Harriet Jacobs' Autobiography

Index of Narratives

Library of Congress:  Slave Narratives from the Federal Writer's Project

North American Slave Narratives-Collection of Electronic Texts-UNC

The Peculiar Institution

The Peculiar Institution

The Peculiar Institution:  A Primer On American Slavery

Slave Narratives and Uncle Tom's Cabin

Slave Narratives - Missouri

The Slave Narrative

Slave Narratives:  An Introduction to the WPA Slave Narratives

Slavery, Abolition, and Emancipation

Women's History:  African-American Women:  1492-1865:  Slavery

WPA Federal Writers' Project (NYC Unit), 1936-1943

African-American Genealogy Websites

African American Genealogical Society of Northern California

The African-Native American History & Genealogy Webpage

Afrigeneas

Alabama African-American Genealogy Website

Christine's Genealogy Website

Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet - African

Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet - African American

Geneaology Resources for People of Color

USGenWeb Project

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