library policy on reserve readings is derived from the fair
use provisions of the United States Copyright Act of 1976.
Section 107 of the Copyright Act expressly permits the making
of multiple copies for classroom use.
the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a
copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies
or phonorecords or by any other means specified in that section,
for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching
(including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship
or research, is not an infringement of copyright.
determining whether the use made of a work in any particular
case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include—
purpose and character of the use, including whether such
use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational
nature of the copyrighted work
amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation
to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
effect of the use upon the potential market for or value
of the copyrighted work.
collections of the Howard University Libraries are purchased
by the university for the nonprofit educational use of students
and faculty. All library materials are acquired with the understanding
that there will be multiple uses of a limited number of copies.
The sole purpose of library reserves is to facilitate student
access to readings for university classes.
will place material on reserve in print or digital format
at the request of the instructor for the educational use
will purchase material that is placed on reserve if possible
limit online access to HU faculty, students and staff
not charge for reserve use
place a copyright notice on photocopied works or on an
intermediary screen for electronic reserve material
remove access to reserve material after the class has
determine if reserve readings are in compliance with fair
provide clean photocopies and/or citations for material
to be placed on reserve
make appropriate use of resources by ensuring that reserve
material are necessary readings for students in the class