The sources selected for this bibliography relate to African American women. The items, which were published between January 1990 and June 2006, are available in the collection of or via the Howard University Library System.
Adams, C. J., & Fortune, M. M., (Eds.). (1995). Violence against women and children : a Christian theological sourcebook. New York: Continuum. HQ1426 .C633 2000
Collins, P. H. (2000). Black feminist thought: Knowledge, consciousness, and politics of empowerment. New York: Routledge. HQ1426 .C633 2000
Comas-Díaz, L., & Greene, B., (1994). Women of color : integrating ethnic and gender identities in psychotherapy. New York: Guilford Press. RC451.4.M58 W66 1994
Eugene, T. M.(1998). Balm for Gilead : pastoral care for African American families experiencing abuse. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press. BV4468.2.A34 E94 1998
Franklin, D. L. (2000). What's love got to do with it? : understanding and healing the rift between black men and women. New York: Simon & Schuster. M306.7 F8542 2000
Hampton, R. L. (Ed.). (1991). Black Family violence: Current research and theory. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books. HQ809.3.U5 B56 1991
Hampton, R. L. (Ed.). (1999). Family violence : prevention and treatment. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. HV6626.2 .F38 1999
Hemmons, W. M. (2002). A critical legal study of solutions to domestic violence among black male-female couples. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press. KF9322 .H46 2002
Hill, R. B. (1999). The strengths of African American families : twenty-five years later. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. E185.86 .H66 1999
Hooks, B. (1990). Yearning: Race, gender, and cultural politics. Boston: South End Press. E185.86 H742 1990
Klein, E., Campbell, J., Soler, E., & Ghez, M. (1997). Ending domestic violence : changing public perceptions/halting the epidemic. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. HV6626.2 .E53 1997
Knudsen, D. D., & Miller, J. L. (Eds.). (1991). Abused and battered : social and legal responses to family violence. New York: A. de Gruyter. HV6626.2 .A29 1991
(Lee) See, (Ed.) (2001).. Violence as seen through a prism of color. NY: Haworth Social Work Practice Press. E185.86 .V54 2001
Loseke, D. R., Gelles, R. J., & Cavanaugh, M. M. (Eds.). (2005). Current controversies on family violence. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. HQ809.3.U5 C87 2005
Mama, A. (1996). The hidden struggle : statutory and voluntary sector responses to violence against Black women in the home. Concord, MA: Paul & Co., Publishers' Consortium. HV6626.23.G7 M33 1996
Richie, B. E. (1996). Compelled to crime: The gender entrapment of battered Black women. New York: Routledge Press. HV6626.22.N7 R53 1996
Straus, M. A.,& Gelles, R. J. (1990). Physical violence in American families : risk factors and adaptations to violence in 8,145 families. New Brunswick, [N.J.]: Transaction Publishers.HQ809.3 S912P 1990
Tatara, T. (Ed.). (1999). Understanding elder abuse in minority populations. Philadelphia: Brunner/Mazel. HV6626.3 .U52 1999
West, C. M., (Ed.). (2002). Violence in the lives of black women : battered, black, and blue. New York : Haworth Press. HV6250.4.W65 V5677 2002
West, T. C.(1999). Wounds of the spirit : Black women, violence, and resistance ethics New York: New York University Press. HV6250.4.W65 W465 1999
White, E. C. (1995). Chain chain change for Black women dealing with physical and emotional abuse. Seattle, WA: Seal Press. HV6626 W48 1995
Wiehe, V. R.(1998).Understanding family violence : treating and preventing partner, child, sibling, and elder abuse. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.HV6626.2 .W53 1998
Wyatt, G. E. (1997). Stolen women : reclaiming our sexuality, taking back our lives. New York: J. Wiley. HQ29 .W856 1997.
Aldridge, D. P., & Hemmons, Willa. (2001). The structural components of violence in black male-female relationships. In L A. (Lee) See, Ed. Violence as seen through a prism of color, (pp 209-226). NY: Haworth Social Work Practice Press. E185.86 .V54 2001
Brown, A. W., & Gourdine, R. (2001). Black adolescent females: an examination of the impact of violence on their lives and perceptions on environmental supports. In L A. (Lee) See, Ed. Violence as seen through a prism of color, (pp 275-298). NY: Haworth Social Work Practice Press. E185.86 .V54 2001
Collins, P. H. (1993). The sexual politics of Black women. In P. Bart & E. G. Moran (Eds.), Violence against women: The bloody footprints, A gender & society reader (pp. 85-104). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications. HV6250.4.W65 V54 1993
Griffin, L. W. (1999). Elder maltreatment in the African American community: You just don't hit your momma!!! In T. Tatara, (Ed.). (1999). Understanding elder abuse in minority populations. (pp. 27-48). Philadelphia: Brunner/Mazel. HV6626.3 .U52 1999
Isaac, A. R., Lockhart, L .L., & Williams, L. Violence against African American women in prisons and jails: who's minding the shop? In L A. (Lee) See, (Ed). Violence as seen through a prism of color, (pp 129-153). NY: Haworth Social Work Practice Press. E185.86 .V54 2001.
Kanuha, V.(1994). Women of Color in Battering Relationships. In L. Comas-Díaz, & B. Greene, (Eds.) Women of color : integrating ethnic and gender identities in psychotherapy, (pp. 428-454). New York: Guilford Press. RC451.4.M58 W66 1994
Lewis, D. (1990). A response to inequality: Black women, racism, and sexism. In M. Mason (Ed.), Black women in America: Social science perspectives, (pp. Chicago: University of Chicago. E185.86 C29 1990
Lockhart, L. L. (1991). Spousal violence: a cross-racial perspective. In R. L.Hampton, (Ed.). Black Family violence: Current research and theory. (pp. 85-102). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books. HQ809.3.U5 B56 1991
Richie, B. E., & Kanuha, V. (1993). Battered women of color in public health system. In Wings of gauze: Women of color and the experience of health and illness, (pp 288-299). Wayne State University Press. RA564.86 .W55 1993
Straus, M. H. (1990). Injury and frequency of assault and the ‘representative sample fallacy’ in measuring wife beating and child abuse. In M. H. Straus & R. J. Gelles (Eds.), Physical violence in American families: Risk factors and adaptations to violence in 8,145 families, (pp.. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Press. HQ809.3 S912P 1990
West , C. M. (1998). Lifting the "Political Gag Order": Breaking the silence around partner violence in ethnic minority families. In J. L. Jasinski, & L. M. Williams, (Eds.). Partner Violence: a comprehensive review of 20 years of research, (pp. 184-209). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. HV6626.2 P37 1998
White, E. C. (1990). The Abused Black Woman: Challenging a legacy of pain. In Levy, B. (Ed.), Dating Violence: Young Women in danger (pp. 84-93). Seattle, WA: Seal Press. HQ 801.83 D38 1998
Williams, O. J. (1998). Healing and confronting the African American male who batters. In R. Carrillo, & J. Tello, Family violence and men of color : healing the wounded male spirit. (pp. 74-94). New York: Springer. HV6626.52 .F35 1998
Adler J. S. (June 2003 ). "We've Got a Right to Fight; We're Married": Domestic Homicide in Chicago, 1875-1920.The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 1 , v. 34, 1, pp. 27-48.
Anderson, D. J. (Winter 2003). The Impact on Subsequent Violence of Returning to an Abusive Partner. Journal of Comparative Family Studies , v. 34, 1, pp. 93-112.
Axelrod, J., Myers, H. F., Durvasula, R. S., Wyatt, G. E., & Cheng, M. (August 1999). The Impact of Relationship Violence, HIV, and Ethnicity on Adjustment in Women. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, v. 5, 3, pp. 263-275.
Banks, M. E., & Ackerman, R. (2002). Head and Brain Injuries Experienced by African American Women Victims of Intimate Partner Violence. Women & Therapy, v. 25, 3/4, pp. 133-144.
Barnes, S. Y. (July 1999). Theories of spouse abuse: relevance to African Americans. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, v. 20, 4, pp. 357-372.
Bell, C., & Mattis, J.(May2000). The Importance of Cultural Competence in Ministering to African American Victims of Domestic Violence. Violence Against Women, v. 6, 5, pp. 515-533.
Bent-Goodley, T. B. (2001). Eradicating Domestic Violence in the African American Community: A Literature Review and Action Agenda. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, v.2, 4, pp. 316-330.
Bent-Goodley, T. B. (2004). Perceptions of Domestic Violence: A Dialogue with African American Women. Health and Social Work, v.29, 4, pp.307-330.
Bohmer, C. (September 2002). Domestic Violence Law Reforms: Reactions from the Trenches. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, v. 29, 3, pp. 71-87.
Brown, J., Hill, H., & Lambert, S. (2005). Traumatic Stress Symptoms in Women Exposed to Community and Partner Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20(11), 1478-1494. Retrieved Wednesday, June 21, 2006 from the Academic Search Premier database
Brownridge, D.A. (Winter 2003). Introduction [To a special issue on: Violence against Women in the Family]. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, v. 34, 1, pp. 1-5.
Brownridge, D.A.. (Winter 2001). Marital status as a differentiating factor in Canadian women's coping with partner violence. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, v. 32, 1, pp. 117-25.
Campbell, J.C. (September 1999). Forced sex and intimate partner violence: effects on women's risk and women's health. Violence Against Women, v. 5, 9, pp. 1017-35
Campbell, J.C., et. al. (July 2003). Risk Factors for Femicide in Abusive Relationships: Results From a Multisite Case Control Study. American Journal of Public Health, v. 93, 7, pp. 1089-97.
Carlson, M. J., Harris, S. D., & Holden, G.W. (1999). Protective Orders and Domestic Violence: Risk Factors for Re-Abuse. Journal of Family Violence, v.14, 2, pp. 205-226.
Cattanea, L. B., & Goodman, L. A.( July 2003).Victim-reported risk factors for continued abusive behavior: Assessing the dangerousness of arrested batterers. Journal of Community Psychology, v. 31, 4, pp. 349-370.
Christy-McMullin, K. (September 2002). Designing Policies that Address the Relationship Between Woman Abuse and Economic Resources. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, v. 29, 3, pp. 109-124.
Chronister, K. M., et. al. (Fall 2003). Applying Social Cognitive Career Theory to the Empowerment of Battered Women. Journal of Counseling and Development, v. 81, 4, pp. 418-25.
Coney, N.S., et. al. (Fall 1999). The feminization of domestic violence in America: the woozle effect goes beyond rhetoric. Journal of Men's Studies , v. 8, 1, pp. 45-58.
Corcoran, J., et. al. (July/August 2001). Perceptions and utilization of a police-social work crisis intervention approach to domestic violence. Families in Society, v. 82, 4, pp. 393-8.
Crenshaw, K. (1991). Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color. Stanford Law Review, v. 43, 6, pp. 1241-1299.
Esqueda, C., & Harrison, L. (2005). The Influence of Gender Role Stereotypes, the Woman's Race, and Level of Provocation and Resistance on Domestic Violence Culpability Attributions. Sex Roles, 53(11/12), 821-834. Retrieved Wednesday, June 21, 2006 from the Academic Search Premier database.
Few, A. (2005). The Voices of Black and White Rural Battered Women in Domestic Violence Shelters. Family Relations, 54(4), 488-500. Retrieved Wednesday, June 21, 2006 from the Academic Search Premier database
Flitcraft, A. H. (1995). Clinical violence intervention: Lessons from battered women. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, v. 6, pp.187-197.
Fowler, D. N., & Hill, H. M..(2004). Social Support and Spirituality as Culturally Relevant Factors in Coping Among African American Women Survivors of Partner Abuse. Violence Against Women, v.10, 11, pp. 1267-1282.
Fraser, I. M., McNutt, L.-A., Clark, C., Williams-Muhammed, & D., Lee, R. (December 2002). Social Support Choices for Help with Abusive Relationships: Perceptions of African American Women. Journal of Family Violence, v. 17, 4, pp. 363-376.
Frederick, P. B., & Carney, Michelle M. (2005).Do Batterer Intervention Programs Serve African American and Caucasian Batterers Equally Well? Research on Social Work Practice, vol. 15, pp 19-28.
Gillum, T. L. (January 2002). Exploring the Link Between Stereotypic Images and Intimate Partner Violence in the African American Community. Violence Against Women, v. 8, 1,
Gondolf, E. W. (2004). Regional and Cultural Utility of conventional Batterer Counseling. Violence Against Women, vol. 10, pp 880-900.
Goodman, L., Dutton, M. A., Vankos, N. & Weinfurt, K. (2005). Women's Resources and Use of Strategies as Risk and Protective Factors for Reabuse Over Time. Violence Against Women, vol. 11, pp 311-336.
Grossman S.F., Lundy M. (December 2003). Use of Domestic Violence Services Across Race and Ethnicity by Women Aged 55 and Older: The Illinois Experience
Violence Against Women, v. 9, 12, pp. 1442-1452
Hampton, R. L., & Gelles, R. J. (Spring 1994). Violence toward Black women in a nationally representative sample of Black families. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, v. 28, 6, pp. 105-119.
Hampton, R., Oliver, W., & Magarian, L. (2003). Domestic Violence in the African American Community: An Analysis of Social and Structural Factors. Violence Against Women, v. 9, 5, pp. 533-557.
Hawkins, D., et. al. (Summer 2002). Human Rights and Domestic Violence. Political Science Quarterly, v. 117, 2, pp. 231-57.
Hooks, B. (1994). When brothers are batterers (African Americans and domestic violence). Essence, 25, 148.
Huang C. J., Gunn T. (July 2001). An Examination of Domestic Violence in an African American Community in North Carolina: Causes and Consequences. Journal of Black Studies , v. 31,. 6, pp. 790-811.
James, S.E., Johnson, J., Raghavan, C., Lemos, T., Barakett, M., & Woolis, D. (2003). The Violent Matrix: A Study of Structural, Interpersonal, and Intrapersonal Violence among a Sample of Poor Women. American Journal of Community Psychology, v. 31, 1-2, pp. 129-141.
Jenkins, E. J. (2002). Black Women and Community Violence: Trauma, Grief, and Coping. . Women & Therapy, v. 25, 3/4, pp. 29-45.
Johnson, H. (Winter 2003). The Cessation of Assaults on Wives. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, v. 34, 1, pp. 75-91.
Jones, S., Bogat, G., Davidson, I., Eye, A., & Levendosky, A. (2005). Family Support and Mental Health in Pregnant Women Experiencing Interpersonal Partner Violence: An Analysis of Ethnic Differences. American Journal of Community Psychology, 36(1/2), 97-108. Retrieved Wednesday, June 21, 2006 from the Academic Search Premier database.
Josephson, J. (2002). The Intersectionality of Domestic Violence and Welfare in the Lives of Poor Women. Journal of Poverty, v. 6, 1, pp.1-20.
Kalichman, S. C., Williams, E. A., Cherry, C., Belcher, L., & Nachimson, D. (April 1998). Sexual Coercion, Domestic Violence, and Negotiating Condom Use Among Low-Income African American Women. Journal of Women's Health, v. 7, 3, pp. 371-379.
Kaslow, N. J., Okun, A., Young, S., Wyckoff, S., Parker, R., Thompson, M. P., Price, A., Bender, M., Twomey, H., & Goldin, J. (April 2002). Risk and Protective Factors for Suicidal Behavior in Abused African American Women. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, v. 70, 2, pp. 311-320.
Kocot, T., & Goodman, L. (March 2003). The Roles of Coping and Social Support in Battered Women's Mental Health. Violence Against Women, v. 9, 3, pp. 323,-347.
Lawson, D. M. (Winter 2003). Incidence, Explanations, and Treatment of Partner Violence. Journal of Counseling and Development, v. 81, 1, pp.19-32.
Lee, R. K., Sanders Thompson, V. L., & Mechanic, M. B. (April 2002). Intimate Partner Violence and Women of Color: A Call for Innovations. American Journal of Public Health, v. 92, 4, pp. 530-535.
Locke L. M., & Richman C. L. (1999). Attitudes Toward Domestic Violence: Race and Gender Issues. Sex Roles, v. 40, 3/4, pp. 227-247.
McNutt, L.-A., van Ryn, M., Clark, C., & Fraiser, I. (November 2000). Partner violence and medical encounters: African-American women's perspectives, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, v.19, 4. pp. 264-269.
Marsh, C. E. (1993). Sexual assault and domestic violence in the African American community. Western Journal of Black Studies, v. 17, 4, pp.149-155.
Marshall L. L., Weston R., & Honeycutt T. C. (August 2000). Does men's positivity moderate or mediate the effects of their abuse on women's relationship quality? Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, August 2000, v. 17, 4, pp. 660-675
Martin, S. L., Kilgallen, B., Dee, D. L., Dawson, S., & Campbell, J. (Jun. 1998) Women in a Prenatal Care/Substance Abuse Treatment Program: Links Between Domestic Violence and Mental Health. Maternal & Child Health Journal, v. 2, 2, pp. 85-95.
Molina, O. (2000). Divorce and Domestic Violence Among African American Women. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, v. 34, 1/2, pp. 131-143.
Monk-Turner, E. & Purcell, H. C. (Spring 1999). Sexual Violence in Pornography: How Prevalent Is It? Gender Issues, v. 17, 2, pp. 58-68.
Moore, J .L. I., et. al. (Fall 2003).Special Issue: African-American Men in the Academy. Journal of Men's Studies, v. 12, 1, pp. 1-84.
Murty, S.A., et. al. (July 2003). Physical and Emotional Partner Abuse Reported by Men and Women in a Rural Community. American Journal of Public Health, v. 93, 7, pp. 1073-5.
Najavits, L. M., Sonn, J., Walsh, M., & Weiss, R. D. (2004). Domestic violence in women with PTSD and substance abuse. Addictive Behaviors, v.9, 4, pp.707-715
Nam, Y.(2002). Partner abuse and welfare receipt among African American and Latino women living in a low-income neighborhood. Social Work Research, v. 26, 4 pp. 241-51
Oliver W. (May 2000). Preventing Domestic Violence in the African American Community: The Rationale for Popular Culture Interventions. Violence Against Women, v. 6, 5, pp. 533-549.
Peterman, L. M., et. al. (Winter 2003). Domestic Violence Between Same-Sex Partners: Implications for Counseling. Journal of Counseling and Development, v. 81, 1, pp. 40-7.
Rand, M. R., et. al. (Winter 2003). The Nature and Extent of Recurring Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the United States. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, v. 34, 1, pp. 137-49.
Rosenbaum, A., et. al. (Winter 2003). Beyond Power and Control: Towards an Understanding of Partner Abusive Men. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, v. 34, 1, pp. 7-22.
Schafer, J., Caetano, R., & Cunradi, C. B. (2004). A Path Model of Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence among Couples in the United States. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 19,pp 127-142.
Schollenberger, J., Campbell, J., Sharps, P.W., O'Campo, P., Gielen, A. C., Dienemann, J., & Kub, J. (May 2003). African American HMO Enrollees. Violence Against Women, v. 9, 5, pp. 599-619.
Shoos, D. (Summer 2003). Representing Domestic Violence: Ambivalence and Difference in "What's Love Got to Do with It". NWSA Journal, v. 15, 2, pp. 57-75.
Short, L. M., McMahon, P. M., Chervin, D. D., Shelley, G. A., Lezin, N., Sloop, K. S., & Dawkins, N. (March 2000). Survivors' Identification of Protective Factors and Early Warning Signs for Intimate Partner Violence. Violence Against Women, v. 6, 3, pp. 272-286.
Simmons, A. S. (2002). Using Celluloid to Break the Silence About Sexual Violence in the Black Community. Women & Therapy, v. 25, 3/4, pp. 179-195.
Smith, M. (1997). When violence strikes home. Nation, v. 264, 25, pp. 23-25.
Staples, R. (1993). Sexual harassment: Its history, definition, and prevalence in the Black community. Western Journal of Black Studies, v. 17,3, pp. 143-148.
Stith, S. M., et. al. (January 2002). Developing a manualized couples treatment for domestic violence: overcoming challenges. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, v. 28, 1, pp. 21-5.
Straus, M. H. (1994). State-to-state differences in social inequality and social bonds in relation to assaults on wives in the United States. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, v. 25, 1, pp. 7-24.
Sullivan, C. M., & Rumptz, M. H. (1994). Adjustment and Needs of African-American Women Who Utilized a Domestic Violence Shelter. Violence and Victims, v. 9, 3, pp. 275-286.
Sullivan, T., Meese, K., Swan, S., Mazure, C., & Snow, D. (2005). Precursors and correlates of women's violence: child abuse traumatization, victimization of women, avoidance of women, avoidance coping, and psychological symptoms. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 29(3), 290-301. Retrieved Wednesday, June 21, 2006 from the Academic Search Premier database.
Taylor, J. Y. (July 2000). Sisters of the Yam: African American women's healing and self-recovery from the intimate male partner violence. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, v.21, 5, pp. 515-532.
Taylor, J. Y. (2002). The Straw That Broke the Camel's Back': African American Women's Strategies for Disengaging from Abusive Relationships. Women & Therapy, v. 25, 3/4, pp. 79-95.
Taylor, J. Y. (2002). Talking Back: Research as an Act of Resistance and Healing for African American Women Survivors of Intimate Male Partner Violence. Women & Therapy, v. 25, 3/4, pp. 145-161.
Thompson, M. P., Short, L. M., Kaslow, N. J., & Wyckoff, S. (August 2002). The Mediating Roles of Perceived Social Support and Resources in the Self-Efficacy-Suicide Attempts Relation Among African American Abused Women. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, v.70, 4, pp. 942-950.
Thompson, M. P., Kaslow, N. J., Kingree, J. B., Rashid, A., Puett, R., Jacobs, D., & Matthews, A. (2002). Partner Violence, Social Support, and Distress among Inner-City African American Women. American Journal of Community Psychology, v. 28, 1, pp.127-143.
Thompson, M. P.(2002). Risk Factors for Suicide Attempts Among African American Women Experiencing Recent Intimate Partner Violence. Violence and Victims, v. 17. 3 pp. 283-95
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1994). Physical violence during the 12 months preceding childbirth: Alaska, Maine, Oklahoma, and West Virginia, 1990-91. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, v. 43, pp.133-137.
Urquiza, A. J., & Goodlin-Jones, B. L. (1994). Child sexual abuse and adult revictimization with women of color. Violence and Victims, v. 9, 3, pp. 223-232.
Valente, S. M.( Nov, 2002). Evaluating Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, v.14, 11, pp. 505-514.
Weis, L. (2001).Race, Gender, and Critique: African-American Women, White Women, and Domestic Violence in the 1980s and 1990s. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture & Society, v. 27, 1, pp. 139-170.
Weisz, A. N. (March/April 1999). Legal advocacy for domestic violence survivors: the power of an informative relationship. Families in Society, v. 80, 2, pp. 138-47
Weisz, A. N. (February 2002). Prosecution of batterers: views of African American battered women. Violence and Victims, v. 17, 1 pp. 19-34
Welfare Receipt, and Health Status of Low-Income African American Women: A Lifecourse Analysis. American Journal of Community Psychology, 37(1/2), Yoshihama, M., Hammock, A., & Horrocks, J. (2006). Intimate Partner Violence, 95-109. Retrieved Wednesday, June 21, 2006 from the Academic Search Premier database
West, C. M. (2002). Battered, Black, and Blue: An Overview of Violence in the Lives of Black Women. Women & Therapy, v. 25, 3/4, pp. 5-18.
West, C. M. (2004). Black Women and Intimate Partner Violence: New Directions for Research. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 19, pp 1487-1493.
West, C. M. (2002).'I Find Myself at Therapy's Doorstep': Summary and Suggested Readings on Violence in the Lives of Black Women. Women & Therapy, v. 25, 3/4, pp. 193-202.
Williams, O. J., Ward Griffin, L., Saunders, A. (May 2000). Guest Editors' Introduction. (cover story). Violence Against Women, v. 6, 5, pp. 467-470.
Wyatt, G. E., Axelrod, J., Chin, D., Vargas Carmona, J., & Burns Loeb, T. (May 2000). Examining Patterns of Vulnerability to Domestic Violence Among African American Women. Violence Against Women, v. 6, 5, pp. 495-515.
Wyatt, G. E. (1992). The sociocultural context of African American and White American women’s rape. Journal of Social Issues, v. 48, pp. 77-91.
Wyatt, G. E., & Riederle, M. (1994). Sexual harassment and prior sexual trauma among African-American and White American women. Violence and Victims, v.9, 3, pp. 233-247.
Yoshioka M. R., Gilbert L., El-Bassel, N., & Baig-Amin M. (June 2003). Social Support and Disclosure of Abuse: Comparing South Asian, African American, and Hispanic Battered Women. Journal of Family Violence, v. 18, 3, pp. 171-180
Jordan, L. M. (2005). Domestic Violence in the African American Community: the Role of the Black Church. Retrieved from the Internet June 2005. http://www.hds.harvard.edu/cswr/research/RHHI/healing_reports/05.Jordan.pdf
National Institute of Justice. Broadening Our Understanding of Violence Against Women Among Racial, Ethnic and Cultural Minorities: Summary of a Workshop. October 2001.Retrieved from the Internet June 2005. http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/vawprog/broadening.html
http://www.vaw.umn.edu/documents/vawnet/incidenc/incidenc.html Incidence Rates of Violence Against Women : A Comparison of the Redesigned National Crime Victimization Survey and the 1985 National Family Violence Survey. Ronet Bachman, Ph.D. Publication Date: April 1998
http://www.ncjrs.org/pdffiles/172837.pdf NIJCDC. Prevalence, Incidence and Consequences of Violence against women: findings from the National Violence against Women Survey
http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-OD-96-002.html Research on violence against women and violence within the family. NIH Guide , Volume 25, Number 1, January 26, 1996
NVAA Text 2000 - Chapter 9 Domestic Violence
Broadening Our Understanding of Violence Against Women Among Racial, Ethnic, and Cultural Minorities; Sponsored by Violence and Victimization Division National Institute of Justice U.S. Department of Justice October 11–12, 2001 http://www.ojp.gov/nij/vawprog/broadening.html
Violence against women online resources. University of Minnesota. http://www.vaw.umn.edu/library/dv/
http://www.dvinstitute.org/ Institute on Domestic Violence
http://www.drcarolynwest.com/publications.php Dr. Carolyn West
http://www.incite-national.org Woman of Color Against Violence
http://www.ncjrs.org/pdffiles/crimdom.pdf Fagan, J. (1995). The Criminalization of domestic violence: promises and limits. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.
http://www.library.gsu.edu/research/liaison.asp?ldID=59 Georgia State University. Website on Domestic Violence