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Voting Rights Act Oral History Project

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

ALEXANDER, Avery, Rev. (

Member, Louisiana House of  Representatives, Democrat

Interviewer:  Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
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ANDERSON, Douglas ( ca. 1939-     ) 

Current Member, Board of Supervisors for Hinds County, District Two, Mississippi.  Member, Mississippi State Senate, 1980-1993.  Member, Mississippi House of Representatives, 1976-1980. Assistant Professor of Mathematics, Jackson State University, 1970-1987. Instructor, Jackson Public Schools, 1967-1970, and Meridian Public Schools, 1963-1965. Education:  B.S. in Mathematics from Dillard University,  New Orleans, Louisiana.  M.S. in Mathematics from Oklahoma University,  Norman, Oklahoma. Further studies at the University of Montana. Memberships: Member, Democratic Party, Cade Chapel Baptist Church; NAACP, Elks, Masons.  Married, former Josephine Funches; three children. Democrat. This iinterview recounts Mr. Anderson's personal bid for elective office, starting with his work in education as a teacher, then professor, then legislator. Interview recounts Anderson's achievements in the Mississippi House and Senate, and the significance of the Voting Rights Act for Mississippi. Resume available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date:
Format: Transcript,
# of Tapes:
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ARONSON, Arnold ( ca.  1911-      )

Retired. Former Executive Director of the Leadershp Conference on Civil Rights; former Director, Bureau of Jewish Employment Problems; Director of Programs, National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council; also, founder of the Chicago Council Against Racial and Religious Discrimination; and Secretary of the National Emergency Civil Rights Mobilization; co-founder of the National Urban Coalition. Education: B.A. in History and Literature, Harvard University,  M.S.W., University of Chicago.  Married, wife Annette, two children. Former Executive Director of the Leadership Conference during passage of the Voting Rights Act. Interviews recount attempts and failures to push legislation through Congress banning poll taxes well before the 1960s. Aronson recalls some of the individuals, momentum and commitments that forged the Leadership Conference coalition; the factors that made it all work, the role of President Johnson in compromising with those opponents of the VRA in Congress in 1968; and Aronson's role in social justice work.  Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date: April 6, 1995; May 5, 1995
Format: Transcript,
# of Tapes:
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BANKS, Jr., Fred L. , Esq. (  1942-     )

Justice, Mississippi Supreme Court, 1991- present. Chair, Mississippi Bar Criminal Justice Task Force, 1993-present. Adjunct  Professor of  Law, Mississippi College of  Law, 1996.  Member, Supreme Court Advisory Committee on Rules, 1989-1991.  Member, Mississippi Conference of Circuit Judges Standing Committee on Rules and Ad Hoc Committee to Revise Uniform Local Rules, 1989-1991. Circuit Judge, Seventh Circuit Court District of Mississippi, Hinds and Yazoo counties, 1985-1991.  Member, Mississippi Advisory Committee to the United State Commission on Civil Rights, 1980-1988.  Member, Mississippi House of Representatives, 1976-1985. Consulting Attorney, Mississippi Association of Educators, 1977-1985; General Counsel Mississippi State Conference of NAACP Branches. Partner, Banks, Owens & Byrd, 1985; Director and President, State Mutual Federal Savings and Loan Association, 1976-1989. Chairman, Mississippi Legislative Black Caucus, 1981. Member, Mississippi Board of Bar Admissions, 1978-79.  Town Attorney,  Fayette, Mississippi, 1970-75.  Education: Parochial and public schools, Jackson, Mississippi.  B.A. in Business Administration and Accounting,  Howard University.  J.D., Howard University  School  of  Law (cum laude).
Memberships:  Democratic Party, National Board of Directors, NAACP,  Board of Visitors, Mississippi School  of  Law, extensive business, civic, public and political service  Married, former Pamela Gipson; three children..Democrat. Justice Banks recounts his role as an activist civil rights attorney, who worked as counsel for the Mississippi Association of Educators and the Mississippi State Conference of NAACP Branches, both of which were important social justice organizations. Banks recalls his contributions to the Mississippi House of Representatives, and his ascendancy to the Mississippi Supreme Court.  Resume available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date:
Format: Transcript,
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BLACKMON, Jr., Edward , Esq.  ( ca.    -     )

Member, Mississippi House of  Representatives, 1979-present.  Former President, Magnolia Bar Association. Board of Governors of the National Bar Association. Trustee, Tougaloo College; Board of Advisors, George Washington University Law School. Partner Blackmon, Blackmon & Evans, 1974- present. Education:  B.A. in Political Science, Tougaloo College (summa cum laude).  J.D., George Washington University, School of Law, Washington, D.C. (honors).  Further studies, Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, Alabama and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. Memberships: Democratic Party,  Mt. Zion Missionary Baptist Church, Canton, Mississippi.  Married to State Senator Barbara Martin Blackmon; three children. Democrat. Blackmon recalls important local level Black vote dilution cases in Mississippi, some historical and some contemporary; interview details the significance of the VRA for Mississippi; discusses his role as litigator, civil rights activist attorney, and his contributions as Mississippi State Representative; recalls his considerable role in redistricting in Mississippi; also discusses the significance of his wife's political role as attorney and Mississippi State Senator Biographical sketch available

Interviewer: Dr.  Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date:
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BLUE,  Jr. , Daniel Terry, Esq. ( ca. 1949-     )

Speaker of  the House, North Carolina House of Representatives 1991, 1993
- present. Member, North Carolina House of Representatives, 1981- present.  Member, North Carolina Democratic Black Leadership Caucus.  Chair, North Carolina Legislative Black Caucus, 1984- present. Former Member, State Democratic Executive Committee.  Former Committeeman, Raleigh Precinct 39.  Former Chair, Raleigh Precinct 28.  Permanent Chair, Wake County Democratic Convention, 1979.  Chair, Wake County Democratic Campaign, 1978.  Education: B.S. in Mathematics, North Carolina Central University, Durham, North Carolina, 1970.  J.D., Duke University, School of Law, 1973.  Certificate, National Institute for Trial Advocacy, 1983. Memberships:  Democratic Party, Davie St. Presbyterian Church, Elder.  Married, Edna Earle Smith; three children.  Democrat. Traces the emergence of African American political influence in elective politics in a number of counties in North Carolina.Chronicles the contributions of  many individuals, and institutions such as historically Black colleges in building political effectiveness for Blacks within the state and Democratic Party.  Describes the challenge he and others have confronted in dealing with redistricting in North Carolina. Resume and Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date: May 16, 1995
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BOND, Julian ( ca.

Former Member, Georgia House of Representatives; Fellow, Lecturer, and Distinguished Professor at University of Virginia, American Univesity, Williams College, Harvard Universtiy, Occidental College, drexel University and the University of Pennsylvania. President, Atlanta Branch, NAACP;  Board Education:  B.A. Morehouse College. Memberships::  NAACP, Campaign for America's Future, United Council of Churches, Highlander Research and Education Center, National Sharecropper's Fund, Center for Democratuc Renewal, Executive Committee of the Southern Regional Council. Married.
Democrat. Traces the impact and consequence of  his political career on Georgia politics, especially his legal challenges to the State of  Georgia. Indicates the significance of  the Political Action Committee he and others funded and operated in the South. Assesses the consequence of the Voting Rights Act and redistricting in Georgia.  Focuses on the litany of  Shaw cases, including Johnson v. Miller, et. al.. Resume available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date: February 6, 1995;
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BUCKLEY, Horace Lawson, Rev.  (ca. 1941 -     ) 

Former Member, Mississippi House of Representatives, 1976-1992. Minister and Pastor, Cade Chapel Missionary Baptist Church.  Former Commissioner for the City of Jackson Housing Authority. Former Junor High School Assistant Principal, Instructor and High School Counselor.  Education: Graduated, Mississippi Valley State University.  Masters Degree in Guidance and Counseling, Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, Alabama.  Further Studies, Jackson State University and Mississippi State University. Memberships: Jackson District Association, Board of the General Baptist State Convention. Married, former Myra Beamon; four children. Democrat.  Traces the evolution of his involvement in politics, from teacher, counselor and  principal to Rev. Buckley's election as the first African American to serve in the Mississippi House of Representatives. Interview also recounts Rev. Buckley's service in the Mississippi House, as well as his contributions to the African American community as Pastor of Cade Chapel Missionary Baptist Church. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date:
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CALHOUN, Credell (

Current Member, Jackson City Council; Former Member, Mississippi Democrat
Interviewer:  Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
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CANTY, Henrietta ( ca.

Member, Georgia House of Representatives; also, founder and owner, Canty & Associates; former Assistant Commissioner of Agriculture for Georgia. Also, a mathematics instructor, an associate engineer,  and employee in the Office of Economic Opportunity. Education: Graduated cum laude in Mathematics from Johnson C. Smith University, Charlotte, NC, and studied at the Wharton School of Commerce and Finance; Master's degree in Mathematics from the University of Pennsylvania. Memberships:
Executive Board of Directors, Southwest Community Hospital, Community Relations Commission of Atlanta, Board of Directors, Metro Summit Leadership Congress, Executive Committee, Metropolitan Atlanta Housing Authority, and Member, Advisory Council of Atlanta Regional Commission. Widowed by her husband, Clarence; four children.Democrat. This interview describes Representative Canty's election to public office,  her committee service in the Georgia House of Representatives, and her leadership in the African American community she represents. Resume available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date: June 11, 1995
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CHARBONNET, III,  Louis ( ca.

Former Member, Louisiana House  of  Representatives, 96th District, New Orleans, Louisiana. Former Vice Chairman, Louisiana Black Caucus. Chief  Executive Officer and President, Charbonnet Labat Funeral Home, Inc. Education:Graduate, St. Augustine's High School. Graduate, Commonwealth College of Science, Houston, TX.  Further studies, Loyola University, New Orleans, Louisiana, and Southern University. Memberships:  St. Peter Claver Catholic Church.  4th Degree Knight of Peter Claver.  Married, former Simone Monette; one child. Bio available. Traces his participation in the development of  the Treme Community Improvement Association in New Orleans.
Indicates his role in the development of a cultural center in New Orleans, and in the Louisiana House of  Representatives from the 96th District of the City  of  New Orleans. Democrat. Recounts his activism in community affairs in New Orleans, his tenure in the Louisiana House of Representatives, his contribution to building Charbonnet Labat Funeral Home. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date:
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CLARK, Betty ( ca.

Currently works with the State Board of Pardons & Paroles. Member, Georgia House of  Representatives, 1972-1990.  Member,  National Black.Caucus of  State  Legislators. State Board of  Pardons and  Paroles. Advisor, Georgia Coalition of Black Women.   Education:    Memberships: NAACP,  Democratic Party,  Former Goodwill Ambassador. Democrat. Recounts her election to the Georgia House of Representatives, and her service to the Georgia House. The interview recounts Representative Clark's activist past, and the significance of the Voting Rights Act for political change that brought an activist like Ms. Clark to state elective leadership. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date:  June 12, 1995
Format: Transcript,
# of Tapes:
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CLAYTON, Eva M.   (  ca. 1934 -     )

Member, United States House of  Representatives, 1st Congressional District, N.C.1992-present.  President, Democratic Freshman Class, 103rd U.S. Congress.  Chairperson, Warren County Board of Commissioners, 1982-1990. Education: B.S., Johnson C. Smith University.  M.S., North Carolina Central University, Durham, N.C., attended law school at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and North Carolina Central University.  Membership:  North Carolina Association of  County Commissioners,  North Carolina League of  Municipalities,  National Association of County Officials,  President, Housing Assistance Council, Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority.  Member,  Presbyterian Church.  Married to Theaoseus T. Clayton; four children. Democrat.  Recounts her election to Congress, committee service; also her work as a member of the Warren County Board of Commissioners, and her involvement in redistricitng. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date:
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CLEMON , U. W. Esq. ( ca.

U.S. District Judge, Northern District of Alabama. Member, Alabama State Senate, 1974-1980.  Chairman, Senate Rules Committee.  Charter member and former president, Alabama Lawyers Association. Education:  High school diploma, Westfield High School (valedictorian).  Graduated, Miles College.  J.D., Columbia University School of Law.  Memberships: Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. Member, Masons and Shriners. Treasurer and Member of the Board of Trustees, Jones Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church of Fairfield, Mississippi.  Married, former Barbara Lang; two children. Democrat.  Recounts: his role in the Alabama Senate during the mid 1970s,  and his activities as a civil rights lawyer; civil rights activist while a student at Miles College;  and efforts to promote litigation directed at redressing civil rights grievances. Also discusses: the role of the Alabama Democratic Conference in the development of African American political strength in Alabama; and that state and federal investigation into fraud charges levelled against him which were dismissed. Also, discusses the role of the Voting Rights Act in Alabama politics, and the significance of redistricting. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date: August 24, 1996
Format: Transcript,
# of Tapes: 4 sides, 60 mins cassette
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CLYBURN, James E. ( ca.

Member, House of Representatives, 1992-present.  President, Freshman Democratic Caucus, 103rd U.S. Congress.   Member, Board of Governors, Wofford College, Spartanburg, South Carolina and Allen University, Columbia, South Carolina.  South Carolina Human Affairs Commissioner, 1974-1992.  President, International Association
of Official Human Rights Agencies, 1974-1992.  President, National Association of Human Rights Workers.  Staff member, Governor John West, 1971-74. Education: Graduated from South Carolina State University. Memberships: Member, Omega Psi Phi Fraternity.  Member, Masons and Shriners.  Married, former Emily England; three children.Democrat.  Recounts his work as teacher, employment counselor, and director of youth and community development projects, as well as his appointment as South Carolina Human Affairs Commissioner by Governor West; traces his election to Congress, his committee service, and his contributions to African American self-help. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date:
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CONNER, George ( 1921-

Retired. Member, Louisiana House of  Representatives; Athletics Coach at St. Augustine High School;  St. James Parish Schhol Board. Education: Graduate Xavier Prep High School; attended Xavier University, Howard University, Dilliard University, Virginia State University, Bradley University, Lamar Tech, Western State University. Military service in the United States Army and 9th Calvary. Memberships: Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Big Brothers of  America, Fourth Degree Knights of  Peter Claver, The Prometheans, Inc., City Planning Commission, Louisiana Silver Haired Legislators.  Married to the former Marjorie Breard, three children. Democrat. Representative Conner recalls his service for the Louisiana House of  Representatives,  for the city of New Orleans, and for St. Augustine's High School. Resume available.

Interviewer:  Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
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DEAN, Douglas (   

President and CEO of Summerhill Neighborhood, Inc.,  and C&P Martin, Inc.. Former Member, Georgia House of  Representatives; President, Mama Baker Child Development Center, Vice Chairman of the Pittsburgh Partnership, Co-Chairperson of the Southside Cluster.  Education: Educated in Atlanta Public Schools, and majored in Business Administration at Pasadena City College. Memberships: Board of Directors, Southside Health Center,  Member, Advisory Committee for the Atlanta Project. Recognized for Outstanding Service Award Grady Hospital Sickle Cell Anemia Clinic. Member Ariel Bowen United Methodist Church. Married to the former Brenda Martin, two children. Democrat. Recounts his years of service in the Georgia House of Representatives, and his role in running a family real estate business;  recalls his activism, and election to a neighborhood planning unit,  and the self-help movement that mobilized itself in the predominantly poor African American area that he represented. Also, recounts African American efforts to vote in Atlanta prior to the Voting Rights Act; traces the impact and significance of the Voting Rights Act. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date: June 12, 1995
Format: Transcript,
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DELCO, Wilhemina (       -         )

Former Member, Texas House of  Representatives, District 50, Travis County. Chair, United States Department of Education's National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity; Chair, the Compact for Faculty Diversity, a consortium of the New England Board of Education, the Westerrn Interstate Commission for Higher Education, and the Southern Regional Education Board,  Clerk for the Teachers State Association of Texas. Also, fouding Baord of Trustees for Austin Community College.  Education: Graduated Wendell Phillips High School in Chicago, B.A. in Sociology and Economics from Fisk University. Memberships: Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority;  Texas Congress PTA,  National Girl Scouts of America, NAACP,  Austin Independent School Board of Trustees. Member, Holy Cross Catholic Church. Married to Dr. Exalton Delco, Jr., four children. Democrat. Recalls her extensive service to the Texas House of  Representatives, and her work and service to federal, state and local agencies and organizations. Traces the significance of the Voting Rights Act and explores the significance of the intersection of race, sex and class for her election and public service. Bio available.

Interviewer:  Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
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DELPIT, Joseph ( 1940-      )

President, Chicken Shack Systems, Inc. and President, Lettsworth Oilfield Services, Inc.,   and President of D&W Health Services, Inc. and Hillhaven School for Nursing Assistants. 
Former Member Louisiana House of Representatives, former and first Afrcan American Councilman for Baton Rouge. Elected Speaker Pro Tempore of  the Louisiana House of Representatives, Member, Louisiana Black Caucus. Education: Attended Southern University, focused on Business  Administration, Food Service and Nutrition. Memberships: Board of  Directors, 100 Black Men, President of the Board of Directors, Baton Rouge NAACP, Capitol Region Planning Commission, Board of Management of the Baranco-Clark YMCA;  Board of Directors, Baton Rouge Sickle Cell Anemia Foundation, Member, Greater Baton Rouge Port Commission.. Member, St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church. Married to the former Precious Robinson; five children. Democrat.  Recalls his experience, service and leadership on the Baton Rouge City Council, and in the Louisiana House of  Representatives. Also, traces the growth of the Lousiana Black Caucus and the role and significance of the Voting Rights Act. Assesses redistricting and explores the role of the Courts in Louisiana's political legacy. Bio available.                                                                                                                                                                     Interviewer:  Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
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DERFNER, Armand, Esq.  (ca.

Presently an attorney  (white male) in private practice in Charleston, S.C.. Recounts his role in advancing voting rights litigation in South Carolina; also, provides extensive historical overview of the white supremacy challenges to African American voting rights, dating as far back as 1890 through the court cases in this century that have constituted the significant precedents. Recounts the legacy of organizations that sounded civic but were actually political, but intimidated by the intensity of white opposition to Black political organizing especially in the years prior to the Voting Rights Act. Recounts King's comments to President Lyndon B. Johnson about the need for a voting rights bill, and Johnson's response. Derfner traces his involvement in the landmark case Allen v. State Board of Elections, in 1969.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date:  May 14, 1995
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EDWARDS, Al ( ca.

Chairman, Texas Legislative Black Caucus.  Chairman, Democratic National Committee Black Caucus (1995-present).  State Chairman, Jesse Jackson's presidential campaign, 1984, 1988.  Member, Texas State House of Representatives, 1978-1994.  High school diploma Phyllis Wheatley High School.  Bachelor's degree, Texas Southern University, 1964.  Certified in Corrective Therapy, Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, Alabama, 1966.  Member, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity.  Member, NAACP.  Ordained, April 1993.  Democrat. Recounts his role in the civil rights and voting rights movements, his election to the Texas House of  Representatives, committee service, and especially his efforts on behalf of building the Texas Legislative Black Caucus. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
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EDWARDS, Chancy Rudolph,  Rev. ( ca.

Member, North Carolina State Senate, 41st District, 1992-present.  Member, North Carolina House of Representatives, District 17, 1982-1990. Member, North Carolina State Board of Education, 1977-83.  Member and former chairman, Fayetteville City Board of Education, 1964-1977.  Public Schools of Nash County, North Carolina.  B.A., Shaw University, Raleigh, NC.  M. Div., Shaw Divinity School.  Further Studies, Southeastern Theological Seminary, Wake Forest, NC.  Union Theological Seminary, New York, New York.  Paster Emeritus, First Baptists Church, Fayetteville, NC.   Life member, NAACP.   Pastor, First Baptist Church, Fayetteville, NC, 1953-1990.  Pastor, Spring Garden Baptist Church, Washington, NC, 1948-1953. Member, Board of Trustees for Shaw University. Married, former Luella Dickens.  One child.  Democrat. Recounts extensive involvement in political and public officeholding, including years of service on the Fayetteville City School Board,  State Board of Education,  the North Carolina House  of  Representatives, the General Baptist State Convention of  North Carolina ,  the Lott Carey Baptist Foreign Mission Convention, and the Baptist World Alliance. Traces committee service for the North Carolina House of Respresentatives, and service to First Baptist Church. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date:  May 16, 1995
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ESCOT-RUSSELL, Sundra (

Member, Alabama State Senate, 1993-present.  Member, Alabama House of Representatives, 1981-1989, District 60, Birmingham, AL. B.S. in Business Education and Mass Communication, Alabama State University (honors).  Member, Alabama Legislative Black Caucus.  Member, National Order of Women Legislators.  Member, Metropolitan Democratic Women's Organization.  Member, The Progressive Democratic Council.  Member, The Jefferson County Coalition.  Member, Delta Sigma Theta Sorority.  Member of Church Trustee Board, Israel Independent Methodist Church.  Married, David Russell. One chiild. Democrat.  Recounts her role in Alabama House of  Representatives for four terms, and Alabama Senate, intially to fill the unexpired term of now U.S. Congressmen Earl F. Hilliard. Senator Escott-Russell was then re-elected for a full four year term in November, 1994. Traces her efforts to strengthen Alabama Legislative Caucus; challenges as a Black female leader; redistricting and the role of the Justice Department and Voting rights enforcement in Alabama politics. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date  August 23, 1996
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FELDER, James L., Esq. ( ca.

Member, Board of Trustees, Allen University.  Executive Director, South Carolina Conference of NAACP Branches, 1994.  Former Executive Vice-President, Operation PUSH, Inc., Chicago, IL.   Appointed Assistant Solicitor, South Carolina, 1973.  Member, South Carolina General Assembly, 1970-72.  B.A., Clark College, Atlanta, Georgia.  J.D., Howard University School of Law.  Masters Degree of Laws, Atlanta Law School.  Former president, NAACP, Columbia Branch.  Member, National Bar Association.  Member, American Business Law Association.  Member, Omega Psi Phi Fraternity.  Two children. Democrat . Recounts his service in the South Carolina House of Representatives; also, his invovement in the United States Army Honor Guard as a poll bearer at President John Fitzgerald Kennedy's funeral.(Kennedy integrated the Honor Guard); traces extensive involvement in  NAACP in South Carolina, also, recounts activist past, his involvement in voter registration drives, the Black Church's role in politics;  traces the "meaningful voting" of African Americans for the Bishop of the General Conference in South Carolina from 1896-1948; also,  mentions the publication of his autobiography. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date:  May 12, 1995
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FIELDING, Herbert U. (

Funeral Director and Vice President, Fielding Home for Funerals.  Member, South Carolina State Senate, 1984-1992.  Deputy Majority Whip, South Carolina Senate.  Chair, South Carolina Legislative Black Caucus, 1991-92.  Member, South Carolina House of Representatives, 1982-84, 1970-74.  Member, Steering Committee, Democratic Leadership Council. B.S. in Business Administration, Minor in Accounting and Business Law, West Virginia State College, 1948.  Further studies, Glasgow University, Glasgow Scotland, Sorbonne, Paris, France, Biarritz American University, Biarritz, France, Renouard College of Embalming, New York, New York.  Member, Omega Psi Phi Fraternity.  Member, NAACP.  Member, Calvary Episcopal Church.  Married, former Thelma Erenne Stent; three children..Democrat.  Recounts service to South Carolina House of Representatives and the Sotuh Carolina Senate as someone not elected intially from a majority minority district; discusses efforts to build the South Carolina Legislative Black Caucus; and his work to build the Fielding Home for Funerals; recounts efforts by NAACP to bring progessive change to South Carolina, and the danger of being a member in the NAACP in the days prior to the Voting Rights Act; mentions involvement of progressive whites in South  Carolina politics, and the coalitions that reached across racial lines; discusses affirmative action and the polarization taking place in contemporary South Carolina politics. Resume available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date: May 11, 1995
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FINNEY, Ernest A.  Jr. , Esq. (1931-present)

Chief Justice, South Carolina Supreme Court, 1994-present.  Associate Justice, Columbia, South Carolina, 1985-1994.  Circuit Judge, State of South Carolina, Third Judicial District, 1976-1985.  Chairman, South Carolina Legislative Black Caucus, 1973-75.  Member, South Carolina House of Representatives, 1972-76.  Chairman, South Carolina State Elections Commission, 1968-1972.  Chairman, South Carolina Advisory Committee on Civil Rights, 1963.  B.A., Claflin College, Orangeburg, South Carolina, 1952 (cum laude).  J.D., South Carolina State University School of Law, Orangeburg, South Carolina, 1954.  Certificate, National College of State Trial Judges, Reno, Nevada, 1977.  Certificate, Senior Appellate Judge Seminar, New York University School of Law, New York, New York, 1985.  Member, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.  Life member, NAACP.  Member, Masons and Shriners.  Member,  Emmanuel United Methodist Church.  Married, former Frances Davenport; three children. Democrat.  Recounts his service to the South Carolina House of  Representatives, the South Carolina Advisory Committee on Civil Rights, the South Carolina State Elections Commission, and the South Carolina Legislative Black Caucus; traces the significance of the Voting Rights Act and the Court's influence on voting rights enforcement. Resume available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date: May 12, 1995
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FRAZIER, Hillman Terome, Esq.  ( 1950-present)

Member, Mississippi State Senate, District 27, Hinds County, 1993-present.  Chairman, Executive Contingent Fund Committee.  Chairman, Universities and Colleges Committee.  Member, Mississippi House of Representatives, Districts 67 and 68, Hinds County, 1980-1993.  Former Chairman, State Library Committee.  Former Chairman, State Committee on Performance Evaluation and Expenditure Review.   Draftsman, Lawyer, Mississippi House of Representatives, 1975-79.  High School Diploma, Holy Ghost High School, Jackson, Mississippi, 1968.  B.A. in Political Science, Jackson State University, Jackson, Mississippi, 1971.  J.D., George Washington University, National Law Center, Washington, D.C. 1974. Married. Democrat. Recounts his service to the Mississippi House of Representatives and the Mississippi Senate;  responsible for the legislative battle to recognize Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday as an official state holiday in Mississippi; traces the impact and importance of the Voting Rights Act and redistricting for Mississippi.  Resume and bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
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FRYE, Henry, Esq. ( 1932 -

Senior Associate Justice,  North Carolina Supreme Court; Former Member, North Carolina Senate; Former Member, North Carolina House of Representatives;  attorney in private practice, former professor at North Carolina Central University Law School; Assistant U.S. Attorney, Middle District of North Carolina. Education: Graduate Mineral Springs School, B.S. summa cum laude in Biological Sciences, North Carolina A&T State University, J.D., University of  North Carolina-Chapel Hill Schhol of Law. Memberships: Board of  Directors, N.C. Mutual Life Insurance Co., Board of Directors, Greensboro National Bank; American, National, N.C., and Greensboro Bar Associations; Kappa Alpha PSI Fraternity; NAACP; National Black Child Development Institute; Captain, U.S. Air Force. Member and Deacon, Providence Baptist Church. Married to the former Shirley Taylor;  two children. Democrat. Recounts his rise to the Supreme Court in North Carolina, and the significance of the Voting Rights Act;  also, traces his service to the North Carolina House of Representtaives; recounts his activities as a "community-oriented person"; discusses the signigficance of the Voting Rights Act for North Carolina politics and the litany of  Shaw cases. Resume available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
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GRAY, Fred David, Esq. (

Senior partner, Gray, Langford, Sapp, McGowan, Gray, and Nathanson.  President, National Bar Association, 1985-86.   Member, Alabama House of Representatives, 1970-74.  Civil rights lawyer.  Studies completed, Nashville Christian Institute, Nashville, Tennessee; Alabama State University, Montgomery, Alabama; Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.  Life member, NAACP.  Elder, Tuskegee Church of Christ.  Married, former Bernice Hill; four children. Democrat.  Recounts his significant role in civil rights and voting rights litigation; traces his service to the Alabama House of Representatives; author of Bus Ride to Justice and  "The Sullivan Case: A Direct Product of the Civil Rights Movement". Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Darling
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GRAY, Jerome (

Recounts the history of African American political activity in Alabama prior to the Voting Rights Act, and provides an overview of  the contribution of the Alabama Democratic Conference.

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HALL, Anthony W., Jr. , Esq. ( 1944-   )

Partner, Litigation Section of  Jackson and Walker, Attorneys and Counselors at Law, 1990-present.  Chairman of the Board, Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, 1990-1992.  Member, Houston City Council-at-Large, Position 4, 1983-1989.  Member, Houston City Council, District D, 1979-1983.  Member, State Democratic Executive Committee, Districts 11 and 13, 1972-1990.  Member, Texas House of Representatives, 1973-79.  Assistant to Harry County Commissioner Jamie Bray, 1971-72.  Former Regional Director, National Black Caucus of Local Elected Officials.   High School Diploma, Jack Yates Senior High School, Houston, Texas.  B.A. in Economics, Howard University, Washington, D.C.  J.D., Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Texas Southern University, Houston, Texas (cum laude).  Grand Sire Archon-Elect, Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity, Inc.  Member, Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.  Member, Greater Zion Baptist Church, Houston.  Married, former Carolyn Joyce Middleton; two children. Democrat. Recounts his rise to political officeholding dating from his election to the Houston City Council; traces his contributions to the Texas House of Representatives; assesses the significance of the Voting Rights Act for Texas, evaluates redistricting, and comments on the litany of recent Shaw cases. Resume available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
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HILL, Bobby (

Interviewer: Dr. Cliff Kuhn
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HILLIARD, Earl  F., Esq.  (

Member, U.S. House of Representatives, 1992-present.  Second Vice Chairman, Congressional Black Caucus, 104th U.S. Congress.  Member, Alabama State Senate, 1980-1990.  Chairman, Jefferson County Senate Delegation, 1986 and 1990.  Chairman, Senate Judiciary Committee, Alabama State Senate, 1982-86.  Chairman, Senate Commerce, Transportation, and Utility Committee, Alabama State Senate.  Studies completed, Morehouse College, the Atlanta University School of Business, Howard University School of Law.  Member, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.  Married, former Mary Franklin; two children. Democrat. Recounts his service to the Alabama House of  Representatives and the Alabama Black Legislative Caucus, as well as his contributions to the United States Congress. Traces the imporatnce of the Voting Rights Act, the challenge of redistricting in Alabama, and well as his leadership on issues involving public works.Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
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HOLMES, Alvin  (

Member, Alabama House of Representatives, District 78, 1974-present.  Deputy Vice-Chairman of  Political Affairs, Alabama Democratic Conference.  Board Member, Montgomery Improvement Association.  B.S. , M.Ed., and M.A. Alabama State University.  OIC in Management, University of Pennsylvania.  Further studies, Rochester Business Institute, Rochester, New York.  Member, Kappa Alpha Psi.  Member, NAACP.  Board Member, SCLC.  Member, Hutchinson Missionary Baptist Church.  One child.  Democrat. Recounts his service and contributions to the Alabama House of Representatives, and his activist role in civil rights and voting rights movements in Alabama. Bio available.

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HORN, William F. (

Recounts his service to the Alabama   Democrat

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JACKSON, Alphonse (

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JACKSON, Johnny (

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JASPER, Thomas (

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JOHNSON, Diane Harvey (

Member, Georgia State Senate, District 2, 1994-present; Chairperson, Georgia Legislative Black Caucus;  Member, Georgia House of Representatives, 1983-1990, 1992-94; President, Caa Consulting Corporation Education:  B.A. in Social Science and Education, Morris Brown College, Atlanta, Georgia.  M.A. in History, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia. Memberships:  Member, St. Paul's Missionary Baptist Church. Democrat. Recounts the history of her election to public officeholding as the first woman elected to the Georgia General Assembly from Savannah, Chatham County, Discusses the Georgia Black Caucus, the significance of the Voting Rights Act, the challenges to effective mobilization of African American voters, the difficulty of fund raising efforts, the impediments to effective leadership, and the challenges of redistricting in Georgia. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date: June 7, 1995
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JOHNSON, Eddie Bernice (

Member, United States House of Representatives, District 30;  Former Member, Texas House of  Representatives; Former Member Texas State Senate;  Secretary, Congressional Black Caucus; Regional Director, Department of Health, Education and Welfare under President Carter; founding member, Board of Directors of Sunbelt National Bank; Chief  Psychiatric Nurse at the Veteran's Administration Hospital, and Registered Nurse at St. Paul Hospital in Dallas. Founder of  Eddie Bernice johnson & AssociateJ.Education: Received nursing preparation from St. Mary's College at the University of Notre Dame, B.S. in Nursing, Texas Christian University, M.PA., Southern Methodist University.
Memberships: Member, St. John Missionary Baptist Church; One son. Democrat. Recounts her pioneering and impressive rise to political power in the state of Texas and in the United States Congress. Recalls the significance of African American voting for politics in Texas, the significance of the Voting Rights Act, the challenges of redistricting in Texas, the implications of recent Court decisions on the redistrciting process and the growing strength of the Republican Party in Texas politics. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date:  January 20, 1995; January 27, 1995
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JOHNSON, Jon D. (

Member, Louisiana State Senate, District 2, 1986-present.  Member, House of Representatives, 1979-1986.  Associate Director, Urban League's New Orleans Plan, 1972-79; New Orleans Public School Teacher; U.S. Army service in Vietnam. Education:  B.S. in Economic and Finance, Southern University.  M.B.A., Loyola University, New Orleans, Louisiana.  Further studies, Harvard University School of State and Local Government, Loyola University Institute of Politics, Oxford University, Oxford, England. Democrat. In this short interview, Senator Johnson recalls his campaigning, election and service to the Louisiana State Senate and House of Representatives. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
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JOHNSON, Joy Joseph, Rev. ( 1921 -

Former Member, North Carolina House of  Representatives; Pastor, First Baptist Church; elected Town Commissioner of Fairmont, NC.Education:B.A. History, Shaw University.     Memberships: Masons, NAACP.Married to the former Omega Foster. Democrat. This interview provides an autobiographical overview of his life, his ministry and his  service to the North Carolina Legislature. Recalls the significance of the Voting Rights Act; discusses Shaw cases. Published autobiography available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date: April 29, 1995
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JOHNSON, Leroy, Esq. ( 1928 -      )

Attorney in private practice; Former Member, Georgia Senate; President, Atlanta Internationale Hotel; Executive Director, Atlanta Fulton County Recreational Authority;
Social Science Teacher in Atlanta Public Schools;  Member, District Attorney's Staff for the Fith Judicial District-Fulton County; Education: B.A. Sociology and History, Morehouse College; M.A. Political Science, Atlanta University;  L.L.B. North Carolina School of Law.Memberships:Board of  Trustees, Ebenezer Baptist Church; Board of Directors, Campfire Girls Inc.; President, Fulton County Citizens Democratic Club; Chairman, Trustee Board of the Butler Street YMCA; Member, Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity; Member, KAPPA-BOULE; NAACP; 33 Degree Mason; Board of  Directors, Sadie Mays Nursing Home. Married to the former Dr. Cleopatra Whittington; one child. Democrat. Recounts his rise to political office as one of the first African American elected to state officeholding since disfranchisment. Also recalls the significance of the Voting Rights Act and his service to the Georgia State Legislature. Resume available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date: June 8, 1995
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JONES, Charles D., Esq.  (1950 -      )

Member, Louisiana State Senate; Former Member, Louisiana House of  Representatives;  Vice Chairman, Committee of Senate Governmental Affairs, Louisiana State Senate.  Chairman, Law and Justice Committee, National Black Caucus of State Legislators;  Former Chairman, Louisiana Legislative Black Caucus.  Former Assistant District Attorney, 4th Judicial District Court.  Former Legislative Aide, U.S. Senator Birch Baye, (D-Indiana). Education: B.A., Southern University.  J.D., Southern University Law School.  Further studies, Washington Research Program, Washington, D.C., University of Illinois, Northwestern University District Attorney School, Evanston, Illinois. Memberships:  Member, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity;  Mason; Captain, U.S. Army and Adjutant General and Judge Advocate General Corp. Married to former Ann Sims-Jones. 
Democrat. Recalls hsi significant contributions to the Lousiana State Legislature, having created the Delta Economic Energy District, the Arkansas/Lousiana/Mississippi Delta tri-state regional, rural human and economic development/health care access association;  founder of "Save Our Sons"; recounts the significance of the Voting Rights Act, and redistricting.Bios available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
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JONES, Charles Robert, Esq.  (          )

Judge, Fourth Circuit of Appeal, New Orleans, Louisiana.  Former partner Jones & Murray and Former Member, Lousiana House of  Representatives, District 96; Assistant District Attorney for New Orleans Parish; Counselor, Orleans Parish Prison Rehabilitation Program; Member, Orleans Indigent Defender Program. Education: B.S., Xavier University of New Orleans, 1971;  J.D., Loyola University, 1975. Married to the former Charlee Verrett; four children. Democrat.  Recounts the role he has played in New Orleans Parish politics and civic development; describes the significance of theVoting Rights Act, redistricting and his important role on the Bench. Resume available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Darling
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JONES, Johnnie, Esq. (1919 -     )

Attorney in private practice, specializing in civil rights; Former Member, Louisiana House of Representatives, District 67. Education: B.S., Psychology, Southern University; J.D. Southern University Law School Memberships: Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity; NAACP; American Legion;  Board of Trustees, Ada Bullock-Blundon Association; Board Member, Baton Rouge Council on Human Relations; Board Member, Boy Scouts of America; President of Board, Community Advancement, Inc.. Mount Zion Firts Baptist Church; U.S. Army; Married to the former Sebell Elizabeth Chase; four children. Democrat. Recounts hsi significant contributions to federal, state and local litigation on behalf of civil rights; represents his important role in landmark cases; charts the role and importance of the Voting Rights Act, redistricting, and the interface between the Civil Rights and Voting Rights Movements. Published bios available.

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KENNEDY, Annie Brown, Esq.  (ca.  )

Attorney  and partner, Kennedy, Kennedy, Kennedy & Kennedy. Organizing Member, Democratic Women of Forsyth County.  Former Member, North Carolina House of Representatives, District 66; and North Carolina Democratic Executive Committee.  Education: A.B. in Economics, Spelman College;  J.D., Howard University School of Law.   Member, First Baptist Church.  Husband - Harrold.  Children - Harold and Harvey. Democrat. Bio available.

Interviewer: Dr. Marsha J. Tyson Darling
Date: May 15, 1995
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KIRKSEY, Sr., Henry Jay (       )

Democrat
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LANGFORD, Charles D., Esq.  (ca. )

Attorney and councillor at law, Gray, Langford, Sapp, et al Attorneys and Counsellors at Law.  Former member, Alabama House of Representatives, District 77; and Alabama State Senate, District 26. Education: B.S., Tennessee State University, 1948;  J.D., Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C.  Member, St. John A.M.E. Church and Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. Democrat.

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LEE, El Franco (ca.  )

Commissioner, Harris County, Houston, Texas; and President, ESPA Corporation.  Former member, Texas House of Representatives,District 142.  Former Chair of the Harris County Black Caucus, Inc. Education: degree from School of Technology at Texas Southern University (TSU) and post-graduate studies in the School of Public Affairs, TSU.  Member, Our Mother of Mercy Catholic Chuch. Wife - Ethel Kaye.  Children - Franchelle Elizabeth and El Franco, II. Democrat.

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MATTHEWS, John Wesley, Jr. (ca.  1940)

Member, South Carolina Senate, District #39.  Committee appointments: Agriculutre and Natural Resources, Banking and Insurance, Corrections and Penology, Education, Finance and the Small and Minority Business Expansion Council.  Education: B.S., South Carolina State College, 1967;  M.S., South Carolina State College, 1976.  Member, Pineville United Methodist Church, Bowman, South Carolina; and Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity.  Wife - Geraldine Hillard.  Children -  Michael Andre, Stephanie Renita, John Wesley, III, Brian DeReef. Democrat.

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McKINNEY, Cynthia (       )

Democrat
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McKINNEY,  J.E. ABilly@ (ca. )

Member, Georgia House of Representatives, District 51; President, J.E. McKinney & Associates.  Committee appointments: Health and Ecology, Appropriations, Agriculture, and Industry.  Former consultant, Fulton County Commission and a Law Enforcement Officer, Atlanta Police Department (1948-1969).  Education: B.A. in business administration, Clark College, Atlanta, Georgia; Graduated, Atlanta Police Academy and Atlanta Area Tech in real estate. Member, Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity and Bill Hill United Methodist Church.  Wife - Leola C. Christian. Children - James E., Gregory E., Cynthia.

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MICHAUX, H.M. AMickey@ Jr. (ca.  1930)

Senior Partner, Michaux and Michaux, PA.  Former Chief Assistant District Attorney, Durham, North Carolina. Former Chair of the following State House Committees: Highway Safety, Constitutional Amendments, Courts and the Administration of Justice, North Carolina Legislative Black Caucus and the Judiciary Committee I.   Education: B.S., North Carolina Central University, 1952; J.D. with honors, 1964. Member,  Omega Psi Phi Fraternity and St. Joseph=s A.M.E. Church.  Wife - June Williams. Children -  Jocelyn, Cicero Leak, III. Democrat.

Interviewer: Dr. Janet Sims-Wood
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MILLER, Yvonne Bond (ca.  )

Member, Virginia Senate. Committee assignments: Commerce and Labor, General Laws, Rehabilitation and Social Services, and Transportation.  Member, Virginia State Democractic Committee, Virginia Legislative Black Caucus, Virginia Legislative Women=s Caucus.  Former member, Virginia House of Delegates. Education: B.S., Virginia State College, Petersburg, Virginia; M.A., Teacher=s College of Columbia University; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh.  Member, Zeta Phi Beta Sorority and C.H. Mason Memorial Church of God in Christ. Democrat.

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NEWMAN,  Jewel J. (ca. )

Member, Louisiana House of Representatives.  Committee assignments: Health and Welfare; Ways and Means; Municiple, Parochial and Cultural Affairs; Joint Legislative Capital Outlay; Local Government Finance; and the Lousiana Legislative Black Caucus.  Former member, Louisiana House of Representaives.  Education: B.A., Southern University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Democrat.

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PATTERSON, Kay (ca.  1931)

Member, South Carolina Senate.  Committee assignments: Banking and Insurance, Corrections and Penology, Education, Finance, Transportation.  Chair, Richland County Legislative Delegation.  Education: B.A. in Social Sciences, Allen University, 1956; Masters of Education, South Carolina State College, 1971.  Member,  St. Luke=s Episcopal Church and Omega Psi Phi Fraternity.  Wife - Jean James. Children - Eric and Pamela. Granschildren - Eric, Jr, Ashley, Courtland. Democrat.

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PRICE, Sr., Albert J., (ca.  1930)

Member, Texas House of Representatives, District 22.  Committee Assignments:  State, Federal and International Relations Committee; Transportation Committee.  Education: B.A. in Sociology, Morehouse College, Atlanta, Georgia, 1950; Graduate studies in sociology, Atlanta University; Graduate, Air Force Officer Training and Pilot Training School, 1952.  Member, United Church of Christ, Beaumont, Texas.  Children - Anita Juandalyn, Albert J., Jr. Democrat.

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REID, William Ferguson, Dr.  (ca. )

Medical Review Officer, Employees Health Programs, Bethesda, Maryland. Former Regional Medical Officer, U.S. Department of State.  Former member, Virginia House of Delegates.  Education: B.S. in Biology, Virginia Union University, 1946; M.D., Howard University; Masters in Public Health, New York University, 1984. Wife -  Jacqueline Mathieu. Children - 3. Democrat.

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ROBINSON, William P., Jr., Esq.  (ca. 1942)

Delegate, Virginia House of Delegates, District 90; lawyer, Robinson, Madison Fulton & Anderson. Committee assignments: Appropriations, Corporations, Insurance and Banking, and General Laws. Education: B.A., Morehouse College, Atanta, Georgia, 1964;  J.D., Harvard University Law School, 1967.  Member, Omega Psi Phi Fraternity and Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity.  Wife - Sylvia Thompson. Children - 3. Democrat

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ROGERS,  John W. Jr., (ca. )

Member, Alabama House of Representatives, District 52.  Education: B.S., Tennessee State University; M.S., University of Alabama; A.A. in Vocational Administration, UAB. Member, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity and St. Mary=s Catholic Church.  Wife - Jennie Children - Jerena, Tammy, John, III. Democrat.

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SCOTT, Robert C. ABobby@ (ca. 1947)

Representative, 3rd Congressional District of Virginia.  Committee assignments: Judiciary (subcommittees of Crime, and Commercial and Administrative Law) and Economic and Educational Opportunities (subcommittees of Early Childhood, Youth, and Families).  Former member, Virginia House of Delegates, and Virginia State Senate.  Education: B.A., Harvard College, 1969; J.D., Boston Law School, 1973.  Member, St. Augustine=s Episcopal Church in Newport News. Democrat.

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SPRATT,  Lewis G. (ca.  )

Member, Alabama House of Representatives, District 59.  Member,  JCCEO Representing the Public Sector, National Management Association, City-Wide Disadvantaged Children, and the Birmingham Board of Education.  Wife - Annie. Children - Patricia Spratt Collins, Lewis, Jr., Ollie, Ronald, Angela, Rodrick, Anita Spratt Smith. Democrat.

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TAYLOR, William, Esq.  (ca. )

Lawyer, advocacy on behalf of low income and minority children; teacher and writer in the field of civil rights and education.  Former staff,  NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund. Former General Counsel and Staff Director, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.  Founded, Center of National Policy Review, a civil rights research and advocacy organizaton funded by private foundations.  Author, Hanging Together: Equality in an Urban Nation (Simon and Schuster, 1971).  Education: B.A., Brooklyn College; J.D., Yale Law School.  Wife - Harriet Taylor.  Children - Lauren, Deborah, David.

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THOMPSON, Albert W., Esq.  (ca. )

Administrative Law Judge, Georgia State Board of Workers Compensation.  Former member, Georgia Legislature on the following commitees of the General Assembly: Special Judiciary, State Institutions and Property, Temperance, State Crime Commission, Code Revision Commission, and the Commission to Revise the Judicial Article.  Education: B.S., Georgia Savannah State College; J.D., Howard University Law School.  Member, First African Baptist Church.  Wife - Ozella. Children - Eloise Marie, Charles E., Albert W., Jr. Democrat.

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THOMPSON, Bennie G. (ca. )

Member,  U.S. House of Representatives, 2nd Congressional District, Mississippi.  Committee assignments: Agriculture, Budget, Congressional Black Caucus, Progressive Caucus, Education Caucus and Sunbelt Caucus.  Education: B.A. in Political Science, Tougaloo College; M.S., Jackson State University; extensive work toward a doctorate degree in Public Administration. Member, Ashbury United Methodist Church, Bolton, Mississippi.  Wife - former London Johnson. Children -  BendaLonne. Democrat.

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THOMPSON,  Senfronia, Esq.  (ca. )

Member, Texas House of Representatives, District 141. Committee assignments: Judicial Affairs, Appropriations, Business and Industry, Education, Environmental Affairs, Retirement and Aging, and Urban Affairs.  Former public school teacher. Education: B.S. in Biology, Texas Southern University, 1961; Masters in Education, Prairie View A & M University, 1964;  Ph.D., Thrugood Marshall School of Law at TSU, 1977.  Member,  Alpha Kappa Alpha, Beta Phi Delta, Phi Alpha Delta.  Children - 3. Grandchildren - 1. Democrat.

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TURNLEY, Richard, Jr., Esq.  (ca. )

Treasurer-Manager, Southern Teachers and Parents Federal Credit Union.  Former Louisiana State Senator. Education: B.S. in Businesss Administration, Southern University; J.D., SU Law School.  Member, Camphor Memorial United Methodist Church.  Wife - Joyce. Children - 3. Democrat.

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WASHINGTON, McKinnley, Jr., Rev.  (ca.)

Member, South Carolina Senate. Committee assignments: Education, Finance, Medical Affairs, Rules, and Operations and Management.  Pastor, Edisto Presbyterian Church in Edistc Island, South Carolina.  Former member, South Carolina House of Representatives.  Education: B.A. and a Bachlor of Divinity, Johnson C. Smith University in Charlotte, North Carolina; Master of Divinity, Interdenominational Theological Seminary, Atlantia, Georgia.  Wife - former Ms. Beulah A. Jeffreis. Children - Katrina, Michael. Democrat.

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WHITE, Juanita Mitchell (ca. )

Representative, 122nd District of Georgia.  Commitee assignments: National Black Caucus of Black Legislatures, S.C. Rural Water Association, Joint Public Transportation Committee, and the Joint Health Care Planning and Oversight Committee.  Education: Eastman Busniess College.  Member, St. Stephens A.M.E. Church.  Husband - Ernest White.  Children - Lorraine Veronica, Yvonne Brenee. Democrat.

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WILDER, Laurence Douglas, Esq.  (ca. 1931)

Governor, Commonwealth of Virginia. Former Lieutenant Governor, Virginia; former chair, Democratic Lieutenant Governor=s Association, Drug Interdiction Task Force on the National Democratic Conference of Lieutenant Govenors.  Education: B.S. in Chemistry, Virgina Union University, Richmond, 1951; J.D., Howard University Law School.  Member, Omega Psi Phi Fraternity.  Children -  Lynn Diana, Lawrence, Jr, Loren Deane. Democrat.

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WILLIAMS, Hosea L. Rev. (ca.  )

President, Confederation of African-Americans to Live the Dream.  Education: B.S. in chemistry, Morris Brown College, and Atlanta University.  Host, AVoice of the Crusader.@ Editor of newspaper, The People=s Crusader.  Wife - Juanite Terry.  Children - 5. Democrat.

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WILSON, Ron, Esq.  (ca. 1950)

Member, Texas House of Representatives District 131.  Committee assignments: Legislative Black Caucus, Liquor Regulation, Ways and Means, State Affairs, Legislative Council, and the Committee on Redistricting.  Wife - Treina.  Children - Erik Brandon, Colby Ehren. Democrat.

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