Rape and Sexual Assault
Source: U.S. Bureau of Justice , CDC, Koss, Gidycz & Wisniewski College Study, United Nations - Research Date: 6.18.2013
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse, which is initiated by one or more persons against another person without that person’s consent. A person who commits an act of rape is known as a rapist. The act may be carried out by physical force, coercion, abuse of authority or with a person who is incapable of valid consent. Victims of rape can be severely traumatized by the assault and may have difficulty functioning as well as they had been used to prior to the assault, with disruption of concentration, sleeping patterns and eating habits.
According to Howard University Student Code of Conduct,
Rape and Sexual Abuse is included in Section VIII: Prohibited Behaviors.
A reasonable suspicion that a student has engaged in or attempted to engage in, such prohibited conduct will result in the immediate consideration of disciplinary action under this Code.
The Howard University Policy Against Sexual Harassment and Gender Based Discrimination in Education Programs and Activities covers undergraduate, graduate and professional students, teaching and graduate assistants.
Sexual Harassment: shall mean unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other electronic, verbal, visual, written or physical conduct of a sexual nature, when:
A. Submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly as a basis for any decision affecting the terms or conditions of participation in any organization, program or activity, or status or evaluation (including grades) in an academic course; or
B. Such conduct has the purpose or affect of unreasonably interfering with a student’s educational right, privilege, advantage, or opportunity.
C. Such conduct is so pervasive or severe that it creates an intimidating, stressful, hostile, or offensive environment for learning and has no reasonable relationship to the subject matter of the relevant course of instruction.
Assault: any willful attempt or threat to inflict injury upon the person of another, when coupled with an apparent present ability to do so, and any intentional display of force such as would give the victim reason to fear bodily harm constitutes an assault. An assault may be committed without actually touching or striking, or doing bodily harm. Self-defense may be a mitigating factor to this charge, depending on the circumstances.
Sexual Abuse: occurs when the act is intentional and is committed either by:
A. Physical force, violence, threat, or intimidation;
B. Ignoring the objections of another person;
C. Causing another’s intoxication or impairment through the use of drugs or alcohol;
D. Taking advantage of another person’s incapacitation, state of intimidation, helplessness, or other inability to consent.
Sexual Misconduct: occurs when the act is committed without intent to harm another and where, by failing to correctly assess the circumstances, a person believes unreasonably that effective consent was given without having met his/her responsibility to gain effective consent.
Howard University Interpersonal Violence Prevention Program: http://gs.howard.edu/sbhu/profiles/triciabentgoodley.html